nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2017‒11‒26
four papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. A Study on the Difference of the Visitors' Motivation and Brand Equity of Dark Tourism Visitor: Focused on the War Memorial of Korea and China By Seung Koo Lee; Renuka Newpaney
  2. Cultural capital: arts graduates, spatial inequality, and London's impact on cultural labour market By Oakley, Kate; Laurison, Daniel; O'Brien, Dave; Friedman, Sam
  3. Soap Opera, Fertility and Inequality: Can we build some relationship? By Michael França; Eduardo Haddad
  4. Cultural proximity: a source of trade flow resilience? By Céline CARRERE; Maria MASOOD

  1. By: Seung Koo Lee (Dept. of Tourism Business, Kangwon National University); Renuka Newpaney (Kangwon National University)
    Abstract: This study examined dark tourism motivation and brand equity of two different destinations. Using a qualitative researched on related field, this study traces visitors of Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall(China) and Lee SeungBok Memorial Hall(South Korea). Steeped in commemorate the murder of Chines by Japanese and Korean Lee SeungBok by North Kroean Army are Memorial Halls still being remembered and having its own cultural importance as a dark tourism destination throughout Korea and China. Through study that involved visitors observation from November 30, 2016 to December 30, 2016. Among the 700 distributed questionnaires, 650 copies were collected and 609 copies were used for the actual analysis. The content analysis education, friendly, cultural, place factors were found to be key motivation aspects of these dark tourism related to death. Additionally, it was found, that there were significant differences existed mainly between visiting motivation, tourism satisfaction and behavioral intention of visitors of two destinations. Finally, discussed about the important aspects of the dark tourism phenomenon related to Korea?s abandoned dark tourism destination and suggested that, activation of abandoned destination will bring massive the regional development.
    Keywords: Dark Tourism, Visitors' Motivation, Brand Equity, Leisure Constraints
    Date: 2017–10
  2. By: Oakley, Kate; Laurison, Daniel; O'Brien, Dave; Friedman, Sam
    Abstract: This paper looks at the degree to which spatial inequalities reinforce other forms of social inequality in cultural labour markets. It does so using the example of London, an acknowledged hub for the creative and cultural industries (CCIs). Using pooled data from 2013 - 2015 quarters of the UK Labour Force Survey we consider the social make-up of London’s cultural labour force, and reveal the extent to which, rather than acting as an ‘engine room’ of social mobility, London’s dominance in fact re-enforces social class disparities in cultural employment.
    Keywords: cultural labour; inequality; arts education; London
    JEL: R14 J01
    Date: 2017–06–11
  3. By: Michael França; Eduardo Haddad
    Abstract: There is a growing literature linking fertility and development. In certain contexts, fertility may become an important mechanism to enhance intergenerational propagation of socioeconomic inequalities. In this paper, we sought to explore the evidence provided by Ferrara, Chong, and Duryea (2012) that soap operas had a significant impact on women’s fertility and used the variation of the time of the entry of the Globo Network in different areas to test whether the impact generated on fertility had some repercussion in the evolution of income inequality in Brazil.
    Keywords: Fertility; Inequality; Gini; Theil.
    JEL: J13 J16 L82 O15 Z13
    Date: 2017–11–14
  4. By: Céline CARRERE (Université de Genève); Maria MASOOD (Université de Genève)
    Abstract: While the significant influence of cultural proximity on bilateral trade flows has been extensively documented in the literature, its possible role in times of crisis has not yet been raised. Relying on a panel estimation of a gravity model incorporating cultural proximity parameters, we evidence the existence of a significant surge in the impact of the different components of cultural proximity during economic recession. The trade resilience among countries sharing a cultural bond is not a pure composition effect as it also appears within product categories. To understand this unexpected effect, we discuss different mechanisms that emphasize the potential mitigating influence of cultural proximity on some determinants of the trade collapse, namely the uncertainty shock, the increased moral hazard and the emergence of ethnocentric preferences.
    Keywords: Bilateral trade, cultural proximity, financial crisis, trade resilience
    JEL: F10 F14 Z10
    Date: 2017–09

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