nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2017‒07‒30
four papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. The Economics of Renaissance Art By Federico Etro
  2. The Effects of Drama Education on Student Self-Concept in Senior Secondary Education By Wijayasri Vitharana
  3. Understanding Cultural Persistence and Change By Paola Giuliano; Nathan Nunn
  4. Expected job creation across the cultural industries : A sectoral division and its implications for cultural policy By Haans, Richard; van Witteloostuijn, Arjen

  1. By: Federico Etro (Department of Economics, University Of Venice Cà Foscari)
    Abstract: I analyze the Renaissance art market in Italy through a unique dataset on primary commissions between 1285 and 1550. Hedonic regressions on the real price of paintings allow me to advance evidence that the art market was to a large extent competitive, and that an important determinant of artistic innovation during Renaissance was related to economic incentives. Price differentials reflected quality differentials as perceived at the time (whose proxy is the length of the biography of Vasari, in the 1568 Edition of his Vite) and did not depend on the regional destination of the commissions, as expected under monopolistic competition with free entry. I show an inverse-U relation between prices and age of execution, which is consistent with a reputational theory of artistic effort, and a substantial increase of the real price of paintings since the 1420s. The latter suggests that artistic differentiation, deeper realism and innovations(as linear perspective) may have been driven by increasing profitability of the profession.
    Keywords: Renaissance, Economic theory of art history
    JEL: N8 Z1 L1
    Date: 2017
  2. By: Wijayasri Vitharana (University of Sri Jayewardenepura)
    Abstract: The Effects of Drama Education on Student Self-Concept in Senior Secondary EducationW.B.A.Vitharana Department of Languages, Cultural Studies and Performing ArtsUniversity of Sri JayewardenepuraNugegoda, Sri is a significant amount of attention given to student self-concept in education today. It is known that low confidence can lead to a variety of issues such as intellectual underachievement, academic overachievement, drug addiction and aggressive behavior. Also, comprehensive educational reform movements such as multiculturalism and cooperative learning can to a certain extent improve student self-concept. The theoretical foundations of this study are linked to the theoretical work in cognitive development, psychomotor development and movement, self-concept, and perceived wellness. The key theorists include Jean Piaget, Moshe Feldenkrais, Rudolf Laban, and Albert Bandura. Drama is a performance which comes from a balanced body of facts and can successfully lead to lifelong value. The achievement comes from presentation, participation and the creation of drama. Thus drama education is a major contribution to a person?s well-being when it comes to the mind-body interaction; benefiting the individual emotionally, cognitively, and physically. This study explores the effectiveness of formalized drama education and training on student performance, particularly regarding the overall perceived wellness and self-concept of drama students in grade eleven. Drama, as an art form and formal guidance method, is an important resource that can give out a link to cognitive development, emotional growth and psychological health in adolescents, which is also associated with the academic performance of students. This study focuses on documenting the relationship between drama and its influences on the variables by comparing students who are both involved and not involved in drama programs. A significant difference is found between drama and non-drama for perceived wellness, self-concept, and cumulative marks. The evidence supports constructive contact on academic performance, but there is a need for involvement that addresses recovered views of wellness and self-concept among the drama population. Key Words -self-concept, drama education, cognitive, psychomotor, emotional, psychological, adolescence
    Keywords: self-concept, drama education, cognitive, psychomotor, emotional, psychological, adolescence
    JEL: A33 A33 A33
    Date: 2017–07
  3. By: Paola Giuliano; Nathan Nunn
    Abstract: When does culture persist and when does it change? We examine a determinant that has been put forth in the anthropology literature: the variability of the environment from one generation to the next. A prediction, which emerges from a class of existing models from evolutionary anthropology, is that following the customs of the previous generation is relatively more beneficial in stable environments where the culture that has evolved up to the previous generation is more likely to be relevant for the subsequent generation. We test this hypothesis by measuring the variability of average temperature across 20-year generations from 500–1900. Looking across countries, ethnic groups, and the descendants of immigrants, we find that populations with ancestors who lived in environments with more stability from one generation to the next place a greater importance in maintaining tradition today. These populations also exhibit more persistence in their traditions over time.
    JEL: N10 Q54 Z1
    Date: 2017–07
  4. By: Haans, Richard (Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management); van Witteloostuijn, Arjen (Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management)
    Abstract: The cultural industries have come to the forefront as the potential job creators of the future. However, building on the concentric circles model and production system view of the cultural industries, we pose that many young and small organizations in the industries lack the motivation, ability, and opportunity to become job creator. We reason that industry location crucially affects job creation expectations. Evidence from an international sample of early-stage entrepreneurs strongly supports this thesis. We identify a divide between entrepreneurs in the ‘core’ cultural industries vis-à-vis those in the ‘non-core’ cultural industries, where the latter group is indistinguishable from entrepreneurs in non-cultural industries in their job creation expectations. Simultaneously, those in the core cultural industries are distinct from others in their expectations to maintain the same number of jobs, rather than grow. These findings have important implications for cultural policy aimed at promoting employment growth in the cultural industries.
    Date: 2016

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