nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2017‒05‒21
four papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Capital as Power in the Creative Industries: A Case Study of Freelance Creative Work in the Netherlands By Pitts, Frederick Harry
  2. Financiamento Cultural no Brasil Contemporâneo By Frederico Augusto Barbosa da Silva
  3. Mining Media Topics Perceived as Social Problems by Online Audiences: Use of a Data Mining Approach in Sociology By Oleg S. Nagornyy; Olessia Y. Koltsova
  4. Terrorism and the Media: The Effect of US Television Coverage on Al-Qaeda Attacks By Jetter, Michael

  1. By: Pitts, Frederick Harry
    Abstract: Using Nitzan and Bichler’s understanding of the dissonant relationship between creativity and power and business and industry, this paper investigates the rhythms of freelance creative work. It reports findings from interviews conducted with freelancers working in the Dutch creative industries. The findings suggest that freelancers enjoy more responsibility and autonomy than formal employees. But this autonomy represents a risk that their clients must manage. Different client relationships, and the proximity they imply, produce different rhythms. The research explores freelancers’ experiences of these rhythms in graphic design, advertising and branding. The research begins from the premise that risk and responsibility are both assumed and apportioned as a function of relationships of power and discipline in the sphere of work. Freelancers are agents of the management of these two interrelated categories. They are subject to the competing rhythms implied by the relation between these two categories. With reference to these rhythms, the research draws upon Nitzan and Bichler’s theory of ‘capital as power’ as an analytical tool. Nitzan and Bichler develop a conceptualisation of the tension between ‘industry’ and ‘business’. This explains how the latter sabotages the creativity of the former. This produces a ‘dissonance’ between the two. This dissonance is the productive driving force of capital accumulation. Applying this to the relationship of risk and responsibility in freelance creative work, I explore how these differing rhythms manifest. The conflict between the freedom to be creative and the management of creativity is not a deficiency of creative production. Rather, it is its moving principle.
    Date: 2016
  2. By: Frederico Augusto Barbosa da Silva
    Abstract: Este texto discute a dinâmica do financiamento cultural no governo federal brasileiro de 1995 a 2013. Descreve o contexto histórico e enfrenta alguns dos argumentos presentes no debate público sobre os princípios que podem justificar reformas na administração da cultura e a reconfiguração do modelo de financiamento das ações públicas na área. Além disso, enfrenta o debate destas ideias gerais à luz da pluralidade de critérios e instrumentos utilizados pela administração pública. A dialética entre as ideias gerais, os instrumentos e as práticas permite a delimitação mais precisa entre os paradigmas de financiamento ou modelos. This text discusses the dynamics of cultural funding in the Brazilian federal government from 1995 to 2013. It describes the historical context and faces some of the arguments present in the public debate on the principles that can justify reforms in the administration of culture and reconfiguration of the stock financing model public in the area. Moreover, it faces discussion of these general ideas in the light of the plurality of criteria and instruments used by the public administration. The dialectic between general ideas, tools and practices allows for more precise delimitation between the financing paradigms or models.
    Date: 2017–03
  3. By: Oleg S. Nagornyy (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Olessia Y. Koltsova (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: Media audiences that represent a significant part of a county’s public may hold opinions on media-generated definitions of social problems different from those of media professionals. The proliferation of user-generated content makes such opinions available, but simultaneously demands new automatic methods of analysis that media scholars still have to master. In this paper, we show how topics regarded as problematic by media consumers may be revealed and analyzed by social scientists with a combination of data mining methods. Our dataset consists of 33,877 news items and 258,121 comments from a sample of regional newspapers. With a number of new, but simple indices we find that issue salience in media texts and its popularity with audience diverge. We conclude that our approach can help communication scholars effectively detect both popular and negatively perceived topics as good proxies of social problems
    Keywords: social problem, online media, topic modeling, sentiment analysis, Russia
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2017
  4. By: Jetter, Michael (University of Western Australia)
    Abstract: Can media coverage of a terrorist organization encourage their execution of further attacks? This paper analyzes the day-to-day news coverage of Al-Qaeda on US television since 9/11 and the group's terrorist strikes. To isolate causality, I use disaster deaths worldwide as an exogenous variation that crowds out Al-Qaeda coverage in an instrumental variable framework. The results suggest a positive and statistically powerful effect of CNN, NBC, CBS, and Fox News coverage on subsequent Al-Qaeda attacks. This result is robust to a battery of alternative estimations, extensions, and placebo regressions. One minute of Al-Qaeda coverage in a 30-minute news segment causes approximately one attack in the upcoming week, equivalent to 4.9 casualties, on average.
    Keywords: Al-Qaeda, media attention, media effects, terrorism, 9/11
    JEL: C26 D74 F52 L82
    Date: 2017–04

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