nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2016‒12‒11
two papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Arte, Educação e a Prova do Pudim: entre os direitos públicos subjetivos e a efetividade das políticas da arte By Érica Coutinho; Frederico Barbosa
  2. The impact of cultural diversity on the German housing market By Bayar, Mehmet

  1. By: Érica Coutinho; Frederico Barbosa
    Abstract: Este trabalho procura desfazer a eventual dualidade entre direitos culturais e direito à educação e entre cultura popular e belas-artes, de maneira a melhor visualizar a estrutura de uma política pública de arte-educação. No caso da primeira dualidade, busca-se construir horizonte argumentativo comum aos direitos culturais e ao direito à educação baseado na historicidade da linguagem dos direitos humanos e na concepção da dogmática jurídica a respeito dos direitos públicos subjetivos. No que tange à segunda dualidade-cultura popular/belas-artes-, busca-se rompê-la a partir do conceito de experiência estética, desenvolvido pelo filósofo pragmático norte-americano John Dewey. Por intermédio de tal conceito, desloca-se o significado de arte como relacionada ao sublime para, então, localizá-la como experiência integral a uma só vez individual e coletiva. Tal experiência estética relaciona-se com princípios como autonomia do indivíduo e direito de formação de compartilhamento de bens simbólicos produzidos pela coletividade que também estão presentes na educação. Feito o desfazimento dessas dualidades, o estudo procura questionar se os sentidos cognitivo e normativo das políticas de arte-educação, estruturadas no Ministério da Educação (MEC), estão alinhados aos instrumentais de política. Neste trabalho, o instrumento eleito é a apresentação de modelo que vê a efetividade da política pública como a relação entre sua adesão ao território e sua capacidade de institucionalização. A territorialidade é dimensão central que permite testar a equidade e a força de institucionalização de respostas a problemas. Por essa razão, o trabalho demonstra indicadores quantitativos em forma de mapas que permitem visualização rápida e econômica do estado das políticas com especial enfoque na formação do arte-educador. This work seeks to undo any duality between cultural rights and the right to education and between popular culture and fine arts, in order to better visualize the structure of a political public art education. Respecting to the first duality, what is pursued is the building of an argumentative horizon, which comprises cultural rights, and the right to education based on the historicity of human rights language and the design of legal doctrine regarding the subjective public rights. Regarding the second duality, popular culture/fine arts, the aim is to break it from the concept of aesthetic experience, developed by the American pragmatist philosopher John Dewey. Through this concept, the meaning of art is displaced as related to the sublime, then located it as a holistic experience, once individual and collective. Such aesthetic experience is related to principles such as individual autonomy and the right training sharing symbolic goods produced by the community that are also present in education. Once these dualities are unweaven, this dissertation seeks to question whether the cognitive and normative senses of political art education, structured in the Ministério da Educação e Cultura (MEC), are aligned to an instrumental policy. In this work, the instrument is the presentation model that sees the effectiveness of public policy in the relationship between adherence to their territory and their ability to institutionalization. The territoriality is the central dimension that allows the testing of fairness and strength of institutionalization of problems responses. Therefore, this dissertation demonstrates quantitative indicators in the form of maps that allow quick view of the state and economic policies with special focus on the formation of the arteducator.
    Date: 2016–10
  2. By: Bayar, Mehmet
    Abstract: This paper documents a positive impact of cultural diversity and cultural similarity on rental prices of the German districts for the years between 2004 and 2013. On the one hand, an increase of the Herfindahl index as a measure for cultural diversity of 0.1 would increase rents by over 12 percent after controlling for relevant explanatory variables and city and time fixed effects. On the other hand, an increase in the share of foreign-born individuals is associated with a decrease in rents. These results suggest an economic impact that is an order of magnitude bigger than that found in labor markets. Consequently, cultural diversity can be considered as a city-specific consumption amenity. The positive impact of cultural diversity on the local housing market mirrors the fact that inhabitants are willing to pay higher rents in cities with a high level of diversity. Natives prefer to live in culturally diverse areas, but they avoid to reside in areas where the share of foreigners is too high. These findings show that amenity considerations play a role in residential location decisions.
    Abstract: Die vorliegende Studie identifiziert einen positiven Effekt der kulturellen Vielfalt und der kulturellen Nähe auf die Mietpreise der deutschen Kreise und kreisfreien Städte für die Jahre zwischen 2004 und 2013. Ein Anstieg des Herfindahl-Index, als Maß für die kulturelle Vielfalt, von 0,1 würde die Mieten um mehr als 12 Prozent erhöhen, wenn für relevante erklärende Variablen und unbeobachtete zeitinvariante Effekte kontrolliert wird. Auf der anderen Seite ist ein Anstieg des Ausländeranteils als homogene Gruppe mit einem Rückgang der Mieten verbunden. Diese Ergebnisse deuten auf eine ökonomische Auswirkung hin, die von der Größenordnung her von Effekten der Einwanderung auf den Arbeitsmärkten abweichen. Folglich kann die kulturelle Vielfalt als eine stadtspezifische Annehmlichkeit betrachtet werden. Die positive Auswirkung der kulturellen Vielfalt auf den lokalen Wohnungsmärkten spiegelt die Tatsache wider, dass die Bewohner bereit sind, höhere Mieten in Städten mit einem hohen Maß an Vielfalt zu zahlen. Die Einheimischen ziehen es vor, in kulturell diverzifizierten Gebieten zu leben, aber sie vermeiden, in Gebieten zu wohnen, in denen der Ausländeranteil zu hoch ist. Diese Ergebnisse zeigen, dass Annehmlichkeiten der Städte eine Rolle bei der Wohnortentscheidung spielen.
    Keywords: Housing market,immigration,cultural background,Germany
    JEL: F22 J61 R23
    Date: 2016

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