nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2016‒11‒27
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Changes in Cultural Consumption: Ethnographic Collections in Wikipedia By Trilce Navarrete; Karol Jan Borowiecki
  2. May I have this dance? Dance participation and attendance in Denmark By Karol Jan Borowiecki; Catarina
  3. Digitization of heritage collections as indicator of innovation By Karol Jan Borowiecki; Trilce Navarrete

  1. By: Trilce Navarrete (Department of Business and Economics, University of Southern Denmark); Karol Jan Borowiecki (Department of Economics, Trinity College Dublin)
    Abstract: Visits to museums have been studied as hedonic and utilitarian forms of cultural consumption, though limited attention has been given to the access of museum collections online. We perform a unique historic analysis of the visibility of collections in a museum of ethnographic collections and compare 100 years of onsite visits to 5 years online visits. We find two main results: first, access to collections increased substantially online. From a selection of objects available both onsite and online, access grew from an average of 156,000 onsite visitors per year to over 1.5 million views online per year. Onsite, 15.5 million people visited the museum in a spam of a century while online, 7.9 million people viewed collections in only the last 5 years. Second, we find a difference in consumer preference for type of object, favouring 3D onsite and 2D online (photographs of objects, particularly when showing them being used). Results support understanding of online heritage consumption and emerging dynamics, particularly outside of an institutional environment, such as Wikipedia.
    Keywords: Heritage consumption, Museums, Digital heritage, Access, Exhibition history, Wikipedia
    JEL: L31 D12 O35 N30 Z11
    Date: 2016–11
  2. By: Karol Jan Borowiecki (Department of Economics, Trinity College Dublin); Catarina (SITE-Stockholm School of Economics)
    Abstract: Dancing may be one of the most competitive professions available career-wise, but it is also associated with various positive externalities. Despite the importance of dancing, there is only limited understanding of the profiles of dancers and dance audiences. We fill the gap in the literature by exploiting survey data on cultural preferences and habits in Denmark for 2004. Our approach allows us to identify the socio-economic background of dancers as well as their involvement in other cultural activities. Among other factors, we note that dancers are more frequent attendees at dance performances, have typically lower income and tend to read more, play more video games and visit art exhibits more often. We are further able to disentangle the sample of dancers into various types of dances, allowing so interesting insights on the differences across dancers.
    Keywords: Dance; cultural preferences; welfare; competitiveness
    JEL: Z11 Z20 A12 I31
    Date: 2016–11
  3. By: Karol Jan Borowiecki (Department of Economics, Trinity College Dublin); Trilce Navarrete (Department of Business and Economics, University of Southern Denmark)
    Abstract: Heritage institutions house cultural and research content, which is the key source to stimulate soft innovation. Despite the potential, heritage collections are mostly inaccessible via digital mediums. We analyze the macro, meso and micro conditions of heritage organizations across Europe to identify the key determinants that foster soft innovation as reflected by the share of collection digitization and online publication. We find that organizations respond positively to an environment of high consumer digital literacy and sustainable resource allocation that enables slack, skilled staff and long-term strategic planning. Innovation is thus, in fact, enhanced by digital literacy from both producers as well as consumers.
    Keywords: innovation; digitization; heritage collections; cultural institution
    JEL: O31 Z1
    Date: 2016–11

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