nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2016‒09‒18
four papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Back to the Future. The effect of digital technology on the performance of public historical archives By Calogero Guccio; Marco Martorana; Isidoro Mazza; Ilde Rizzo
  2. Being Central and Productive? Evidence from Slovenian Visual Artists in the 19th and 20th Century By Andrej Srakar; Petja Grafenauer; Marilena Vecco
  3. Long-Run Development and the New Cultural EconomicsS By Boris Gershman
  4. Leisure and education: insights from a time-use analysis By Jorge Calero; Marcos Fernández-Gutiérrez

  1. By: Calogero Guccio (Department of Economics and Business, University of Catania); Marco Martorana (Department of Economics and Business, University of Catania); Isidoro Mazza (Department of Economics and Business, University of Catania); Ilde Rizzo (Department of Economics and Business, University of Catania)
    Abstract: The diffusion of social media platforms in public services calls for investigating their role in terms of supply and consumption. In cultural heritage, the application of such technologies has manifold implications ranging from preservation, to production and usage of cultural goods. This paper explores the scope for the use of new media in cultural heritage using website services. More specifically, we investigate the efficiency of public historical archives (PHAs) in Italy over the period 2009-2014 and try to assess the influence of websites on their efficiency. We use a two-stage approach involving the estimation of the frontier using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Window DEA (WDEA) to obtain PHAs efficiency scores and evaluate the effect of the use of websites on efficiency.
    Keywords: Innovation; Public services; Cultural heritage; Archives; Non parametric frontier
    JEL: Z1 D24
    Date: 2016–09
  2. By: Andrej Srakar (Institute for Economic Research, Faculty of Economics, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia); Petja Grafenauer (School of Arts, University of Nova Gorica, Nova Gorica, Slovenia); Marilena Vecco (Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
    Abstract: Slovenian art history has received very little (if any) attention from the viewpoint of network theory although there were several examples of artists co-working or working in groups, collectives or even loosely organized clusters (groups from the impressionist Sava in 1904 to postmodern Irwin in 1984). This may be interpreted as a way to acquire better positions in the national and international art circles and on the art market. In our article we use web-based dataset of Slovenska biografija (operated by the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts), which contains data on numerous notable persons throughout Slovenian history to analyze the centrality of individual artistic figures and movements throughout Slovenian art history. We also study the influence of network centrality on cultural production controlling for endogeneity following the instrumental variable approach, proposed in the literature while using a new instrumental variable to solve the problem. Finally, we present results which show that women visual artists used their network positions more intensively than men and provide some first explanations for this observed relationship. In conclusion, we provide some reflections on the importance of these findings for further research work in the area.
    Keywords: Slovenian art history, social network analysis, network centrality, artist productivity, instrumental variables, women visual artists
    JEL: D85 J49 N70 Z11 C36 C38 C45
    Date: 2016–09
  3. By: Boris Gershman
    Abstract: This paper reviews recent economics literature on culture, with an emphasis on its relation to the field of long-run growth and development. It examines the key issues debated in the new cultural economics: causal effects of culture on economic outcomes, the origins and social costs of culture, as well as cultural transmission, persistence, and change. Some of these topics are illustrated in application to the economic analysis of envy-related culture.
    Keywords: Culture, cultural persistence, cultural transmission, long-run development
    JEL: J15 O10 Z10 Z12 Z13
    Date: 2016
  4. By: Jorge Calero (University of Barcelona & IEB); Marcos Fernández-Gutiérrez (Universidad de Cantabria)
    Abstract: The impact of education on participation in leisure activities is of particular relevance when analysing education and educational policies and for understanding leisure and leisure policy design. Yet, despite advances in the measurement and analysis of education, studies of the effects of education on leisure activities have not been especially exhaustive nor have they been sufficiently integrated with leisure studies. We seek to rectify these shortcomings, by analysing the effects of education on leisure participation in Spain based on the study of individuals’ time-use patterns. Results highlight the impact of education on the time dedicated to activities that have beneficial individual and social outcomes, including cultural and sports activities, and reading books and the press. We demonstrate the potential of integrating analyses of education and leisure for understanding the benefits of participation in a greater diversity of leisure activities and for developing policies that strengthen the repertoire of leisure options.
    Keywords: Education and leisure, determinants of leisure activity, non-monetary effects of education, quantitative research.
    JEL: I24 I26
    Date: 2016

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