nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2016‒04‒30
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Rags Among Archaelogical Riches: Sustainable Development in the Angkor World Heritage Site By Thanakvaro Thyl de Lopez
  2. The Relation of Cultural Values and CSR: A study in Portugal and Greece By Paula Rodrigues; Hélder Oliveira
  3. What does low proficiency in literacy really mean? By OECD

  1. By: Thanakvaro Thyl de Lopez (University of Cambridge, Magdalene College, Cambridge CB3 0AG, UK.)
    Abstract: Founded in the ninth century, the city of Angkor lies at the heart of Khmer cultural heritage. Since 1995, the number of foreign visitors to the temples of Angkor has jumped from a few thousand a year to nearly a million. The neighbouring city of Siem Reap has experienced rapid growth in recent years and local infrastructure and services have struggled to keep up with the demands of international mass tourism. While it represents a significant source of foreign currency for Cambodia, mass tourism has increased pressure on Angkor's cultural and natural features, including water supply. This study of the impacts of tourism on local people involved face-to-face interviews of more than 400 souvenir vendors and 2,500 households residing in Angkor. It found that revenues from park entrance fees represent a unique opportunity to restore Angkor to a thriving city and provides a catalogue of useful and feasible community development projects that could be financed in this way.
    Keywords: National park, Cambodia
    Date: 2016–04
  2. By: Paula Rodrigues (Lusiada University); Hélder Oliveira (Lusiada University)
    Abstract: This study aims to examine the relationship between individual cultural values and consumers’ perceptions about practices of social responsibility in Portugal and Greece. Data collection was undertaken using a structured questionnaire both in Portugal and Greece. Two theoretical models of structural equations that establish the relationship between cultural values and perceptions of consumers about practices of social responsibility were estimated. The results suggest that individual cultural values of Portuguese consumers influencing the perception of CSR practices are masculinity (MAS), tradition (TRD) and prudence (PRU). In the case of Greece consumers, individual cultural values influencing perception of CSR practices are interdependence (INT), independence (IND), gender equality (GEQ) and prudence (PRU). This paper demonstrates the importance of the subject, since consumers assume different perspectives and value different aspects of CSR practices, and companies must be aware of these differences if they want to effectively reach consumers.
    Keywords: individual cultural values, corporate social responsibility, cross-cultural studies, consumer behaviour, structural equation models.
    JEL: M00
  3. By: OECD
    Abstract: The Survey of Adult Skills finds that even adults with the lowest proficiency in literacy possess some basic reading skills, although the level of these skills varies considerably across countries. Basic reading skills are revealed in both the accuracy in and speed of responding to reading tasks, which indicate the level of ease and automaticity of reading. Among adults with low proficiency in literacy, those who took the survey in a language different from their mother tongue had much poorer basic reading skills than native speakers.
    Date: 2016–04–14

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