nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2016‒03‒23
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Traces of entrepreneurship in the artistic context By Lisa Balzarin; Chiara Monica Calcagno
  2. Digitisation and European copyright protection: Between economic challenges and stakeholder interests By Möller, Marie
  3. The Welfare Effects of Vertical Integration in Multichannel Television Markets By Gregory S. Crawford; Robin S. Lee; Michael D. Whinston; Ali Yurukoglu

  1. By: Lisa Balzarin (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice); Chiara Monica Calcagno (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice)
    Abstract: The interplay between the world of arts and that of business is at the centre of the present paper, where the processes of artistic entrepreneurship are investigated through the observation of a group of artists living the experience of founding their own cultural enterprises in the specific context of performing arts. The result is a picture of what the contemporary artists-entrepreneurs are: they act entrepreneurially guided by the respect of the integrity of the Art and assume the role of gatekeepers of the quality of their product, playing in the business world and challenging its logics and structures.
    Keywords: cultural entrepreneurship, artistic entrepreneurship, creativity, innovation, paradox, compromise, performing arts
    JEL: L26
    Date: 2016–03
  2. By: Möller, Marie
    Abstract: The increasing digitisation necessitates amendments to copyright protection. Both the European Parliament and the European Commission have now presented proposals addressing this issue. This is necessary because the way in which creative goods are produced and distributed has been changed dramatically by digital technologies and the spread of the internet. One challenge that arises from this is the application of the Country of Origin principle and the resulting practice of geo-blocking. The resale of digital good represents another challenge in this context. Individual stakeholders have different interests with regard to copyright protection in a digital economy. For example, consumers (private or institutional users) have an interest in the resale of digital goods, whereas suppliers (authors, collecting societies, publishers) do not. The EU Parliament's proposal for copyright reform sides more with the suppliers than with the consumers. Future policy at EU level should attempt to create a clear, comprehensible legal framework and thus establish legal certainty.
    Abstract: Die fortschreitende Digitalisierung macht Anpassungen des Urheberschutzes erforderlich. Sowohl das Europäische Parlament als auch die Europäische Kommission haben dazu inzwischen Vorschläge vorgelegt. Hintergrund ist, dass die Art, wie kreative Güter produziert und verbreitet werden, durch digitale Technologien und die Verbreitung des Internet stark verändert wurde. Eine Herausforderung, die sich dadurch ergibt, ist die Anwendung des Ursprungslandprinzips und die daraus resultierende Praxis des Geo-Blocking. Eine weitere Herausforderung besteht in Bezug auf die Frage der Weiterveräußerung digitaler Güter. Die einzelnen Stakeholder haben unterschiedliche Interessen bezüglich der Problemfelder. So zeigt sich beispielsweise, dass die Konsumenten (private oder institutionelle Nutzer) ein Interesse an der Weiterveräußerung digitaler Güter haben, die Anbieterseite (Autoren, Verwertungsgesellschaften, Verleger) dieses hingegen nicht hat. Der Parlamentsvorschlag zur Urheberrechtsreform entspricht eher den gewünschten politischen Maßnahmen der Anbieter als denen der Nachfrager. Bei zukünftigen Entscheidungen auf EU-Ebene sollte versucht werden, einen nachvollziehbaren Rechtsrahmen zu schaffen und somit Rechtssicherheit zu erzeugen.
    JEL: O34 O33 K00
    Date: 2016
  3. By: Gregory S. Crawford; Robin S. Lee; Michael D. Whinston; Ali Yurukoglu
    Abstract: We investigate the welfare effects of vertical integration of regional sports networks (RSNs) with programming distributors in U.S. multichannel television markets. Vertical integration can enhance efficiency by reducing double marginalization and increasing carriage of channels, but can also harm welfare due to foreclosure and raising rivals' costs incentives. We estimate a structural model of viewership, subscription, distributor pricing, and affiliate fee bargaining using a rich dataset on the U.S. cable and satellite television industry (2000-2010). We use these estimates to analyze the impact of simulated vertical mergers and de-mergers of RSNs on competition and welfare, and examine the efficacy of regulatory policies introduced by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission to address competition concerns in this industry.
    JEL: L13 L42 L51 L82
    Date: 2015–12

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