nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2015‒12‒08
five papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Cultural Economics and Intellectual Property: Tensions and Challenges for the Region By Miranda Forsyth
  2. Gestión de la propiedad intelectual en museos By Lis-Gutiérrez, Jenny-Paola
  3. Development Strategies for Pacific Island Economies: Is There a Role for the Cultural Industries? By David Throsby
  4. Mass Media and Social Change: Can We Use Television to Fight Poverty? By La Ferrara, Eliana
  5. Aspects of Increasing Accessibility of Russian Museums and Evaluation of Attendance By Tatiana V. Abankina; Pavel V. Derkachev; Liudmila M. Filatova; Irina V. Scherbakova

  1. By: Miranda Forsyth
    Abstract: The Pacific islands region is currently experiencing an intensification of interest in culture as an enabler, rather than an inhibitor, of development. The emerging field of cultural economics seeks to chart ways in which culture can lead to both economic development and also to other goals, such as positive social relationships, community cohesion and maintenance and enjoyment of cultural heritage. However, bringing together these different range of goals at times involves tensions, often manifested in differences between individual autonomy and family and community obligations, generational focus and clashes of cultural logics. This paper investigates these tensions through the lens of intellectual property, an area where competing ideologies and perspectives of entitlement often come head to head. It identifies and reflects upon four areas of tension that will have to be navigated as the region experiments with both global models of intellectual property and national and local regulatory mechanisms.
    Keywords: cultural economics;intellectual property;traditional knowledge;Pacific islands
    Date: 2015–03–28
  2. By: Lis-Gutiérrez, Jenny-Paola
    Abstract: Este artículo tiene el propósito de presentar la gestión de la propiedad intelectual en museos (GPIM), en un escenario en el cual estas instituciones culturales pasaron de ser usuarios que respetaban la propiedad intelectual (PI) a gestionarla y ser intermediarios en el posible uso para terceros. Para ello, el documento explica las diferentes concepciones de museo; la discusión sobre los diversos tipos de protección de la PI; y la importancia de la GPIM. Se identificó que la PI en los museos cumple generalmente dos funciones que deben estar balanceadas: la mayor difusión social posible garantizando los derechos de autor y la explotación comercial de la PI, como fuente de recursos, con el fin de garantizar la subsistencia de la institución cultural. This article aims to present the management of intellectual property in museums, in a scenario where these cultural institutions became users who not only respect the intellectual property, but are intermediaries in the possible use for third parties. The document explains the different conceptions of museum; the discussion of the various types of intellectual property protection; and the importance of management of intellectual property in museums. It identified that intellectual property in museums generally serves two functions which must be balanced: (i) the greatest possible social diffusion ensuring the copyright and the commercial exploitation of intellectual property, in order to ensure the survival of the cultural institution.
    Keywords: museum, management of intellectual property, industrial property, copyright, copyleft.
    JEL: L16 O30 O34 Z11 Z19
    Date: 2015–11–27
  3. By: David Throsby
    Abstract: Amongst the range of possible strategies to deal with ongoing development challenges facing the Pacific Island economies, one that has some potential is a policy focus on stimulating the creative or cultural industries. This article reviews the rise in interest around the world in the concept of the so-called creative economy and its role in sustainable development. This interest has particular relevance at the present time in the light of international efforts to raise the profile of culture in development, especially with the replacement in 2015 of the Millennium Development Goals with a new set of sustainable development objectives. The article outlines the current state of the cultural industries' contribution to growth in the Pacific region, and discusses opportunities and obstacles affecting their further development. The article concludes by identifying some important considerations to be taken into account in the design of effective policy strategies in this area in the future.
    Keywords: creative economy;cultural industries;sustainable development;intangible heritage;Pacific Island economies
    Date: 2015–03–28
  4. By: La Ferrara, Eliana
    Abstract: This paper explores the potential use of entertainment media programs for achieving development goals. I propose a simple framework for interpreting media effects that hinges on three channels: (i) information provision, (ii) role modeling and preference change, and (iii) time use. I then review the existing evidence on how exposure to commercial television and radio affects outcomes such as fertility preferences, gender norms, education, migration and social capital. I complement these individual country studies with cross-country evidence from Africa and with a more in-depth analysis for Nigeria, using the Demographic Health Surveys. I then consider the potential educational role of entertainment media, starting with a discussion of the psychological underpinnings and then reviewing recent rigorous evaluations of edutainment programs. I conclude by highlighting open questions and avenues for future research.
    Keywords: edutainment; soap operas; television
    JEL: J13 O12
    Date: 2015–11
  5. By: Tatiana V. Abankina (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Pavel V. Derkachev (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Liudmila M. Filatova (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Irina V. Scherbakova (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: Accessibility is a key priority of public policy in the social sphere, a necessary condition to ensure equal opportunities and cultural participation. Analysis of the international practice reveals that the issue of accessibility has two aspects - objective and subjective. Regression models were used to conduct empirical analysis of the impact of economic factors on the museum attendance. The factor analysis of the data for the period of 2010-2012 conducted with the principle component method allowed to identify five factors. As a result, we estimated the impact of each factor on the museum attendance
    Keywords: museum accessibility; increasing museum accessibility; international and Russian practice; social model to increase museum accessibility; evaluation of museum attendance.
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2015

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