nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2015‒10‒25
five papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. The Production of Information in an Online World By Julia Cagé; Nicolas Hervé; Marie-Luce Viaud
  2. Uses and Benefits of Qualitative Approaches to Culture in Intercultural Collaboration Research By Sylvie Chevrier; Mary-Yoko Brannen; Carol Hansen
  3. Cultural Dynamics, Social Mobility and Urban Segregation By Emeline Bezin; Fabien Moizeau
  4. State-Dependent Media Focus: Measurement and Economic Implications By Stefan Pitschner; Kristoffer Nimark
  5. The Impact of National Culture on Business Management Model in BRICS By Myasoedov, Sergey; Borisova, L.

  1. By: Julia Cagé (Sciences Po Paris, Department of Economics, 28 rue des Saints Pères, 75007 Paris, France); Nicolas Hervé (Institut National de l’Audiovisuel (INA), Département de la Recherche, 4 avenue de l’Europe, 94366 Bry sur Marne, France); Marie-Luce Viaud (Institut National de l’Audiovisuel (INA), Département de la Recherche, 4 avenue de l’Europe, 94366 Bry sur Marne, France)
    Abstract: Information is costly to produce but cheap to reproduce. Who are the main providers of original news in the online world, and are they rewarded for this? What are the benefits of breaking out a story, and how does information propagate? This paper addresses these issues by exploiting a unique dataset including all online content produced by general information media outlets in France during year 2013. Tracking every piece of content produced by these outlets, we develop a topic detection algorithm to construct the set of news stories. We study the timeline of each story and distinguish between original reporting and copy-and-paste. We then merge this content data with data on investment in news gathering and daily audience to investigate the costs and benefits of information production. This paper offers a typology of online media outlets and associated business models. We first highlight the specific role played by news agencies. AFP has the largest news desk and is the main provider of original information, reflecting the use of an adequate copyright system. We then find a quasi-linear relationship between the number of journalists, the quantity of original news production, and online audience. This positive correlation hold for all the media outlets independently of their offline support; hence the relevance of a transmedia approach. However online audience does not translate into significant revenues. This illustrates the need to develop new paywall or copyright models.
    Keywords: Internet, information production, paywall, copyright, online audience
    JEL: L11 L15 L82 L86
    Date: 2015–09
  2. By: Sylvie Chevrier (IRG - Institut de Recherche en Gestion - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12 - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée); Mary-Yoko Brannen (Victoria University (CANADA) - Victoria University (CANADA)); Carol Hansen (Georgia State University - Georgia State University)
    Abstract: Interpretive content analysis can be used to unveil cultural frames of meaning of actors from different cultural backgrounds working in dispersed teams. When working at a distance, team members are often unaware that they do not give the same meaning to most basic management processes they are concerned with. This presentation will illustrate how qualitative research can provide insights about what decision-making or empowerment mean for employees from different countries. For instance measuring the power relationship index of a country induces managers to delegate more or less to employees. With qualitative understanding of what empowerment and decision-making mean, the question is no longer to know to what extent leaders should delegate but to find the specific conditions of delegation in various countries. This cultural understanding helps people to design management processes matching the requirements of partners from different cultures.
    Keywords: ethnography, interpretative,Qualitative
    Date: 2014–08–22
  3. By: Emeline Bezin (Paris School of Economics (PSE), France); Fabien Moizeau (CREM, UMR CNRS 6211, University of Rennes 1, France)
    Abstract: We consider the relationship between intergenerational mobility and urban segregation. To this end, we develop a model of neighbourhood formation and preference transmission. The key feature here is that the incentives the parents have to transmit their trait to their children depend on the endogenous social composition of the neighbourhood. When the urban equilibrium that emerges at each date is segregated, some urban areas are characterized by better social mobility prospects than others. Segregation also generates some persistence of socio-economic status within dynasties. We show that there exist multiple history-dependent steady-states in the joint dynamics of segregation and the distribution of culture traits. Further, segregation has ambiguous eects for long run efficiency. We show that depending on the degree of substitutability between the two instruments of socialization (i.e, individual eort and residential choice), integration may emerge endogenously and be efficient. This suggests public policies that would produce neighbourhood socio-economic compositions that are more favourable to the transmission of particular cultural traits, such as for instance group-based policies.
    Keywords: cultural transmission, peer effects, residential segregation, human capital inequality
    JEL: D31 I24 R23
    Date: 2015–09
  4. By: Stefan Pitschner (Universitat Pompeu Fabra); Kristoffer Nimark (Cornell University)
    Abstract: News media provide information about economic conditions to a large part of society and serve as a source of public signals that coordinate beliefs and decisions. We document how the focus of news media shifts over the business cycle and discuss the implications for the ability of economic agents to coordinate their actions.
    Date: 2015
  5. By: Myasoedov, Sergey (Russian presidental academy of national economy and public administration (RANEPA)); Borisova, L. (Russian presidental academy of national economy and public administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: This paper on the analysis of the dependence of the economic growth dynamicsof BRICS member states on a particular style of management and creation of business models, communications, business models with national cultural traditions, norms and rules accepted in the societies of these countries.
    Keywords: economic growth, BRICS, national cultural traditions
    JEL: Y80
    Date: 2015–09–16

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