nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2015‒06‒20
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. When Income Depends on Performance and Luck: The Effects of Culture and Information on Giving By Pedro Rey-Biel; Roman Sheremeta; Neslihan Uler
  2. Culturally-biased voting in the Eurovision Song Contest: Do national contests differ? By Budzinski, Oliver; Pannicke, Julia
  3. The Great Beauty: Public Subsidies in the Italian Movie Industry By G. Meloni; D. Paolini; M. Pulina

  1. By: Pedro Rey-Biel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Barcelona GSE); Roman Sheremeta (Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western Reserve University and the Economic Science Institute at Chapman University); Neslihan Uler (Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan)
    Abstract: We study how giving depends on income and luck, and how culture and information about the determinants of others’ income affect this relationship. Our data come from an experiment conducted in two countries, the US and Spain, which have different beliefs about how income inequality arises. We find no cross-cultural differences in giving when individuals are informed about the determinants of income, but when uninformed, Americans give less than Spanish. Culture and information not only affect individual giving, but also the determinants of giving and the beliefs about how income inequality arises. Beliefs partially moderate cross-cultural differences in giving.
    Keywords: individual giving, information, culture, beliefs, laboratory experiment
    JEL: C91 D64 D83
    Date: 2015
  2. By: Budzinski, Oliver; Pannicke, Julia
    Abstract: The economic literature on the Eurovision Song Contest (ESC) establishes empirical evidence for culturally-biased voting, more precisely also biases based on geographical closeness, political relations, ethnical and linguistic affinity. The Bundesvision Song Contest (BSC), a similar contest with principally the same rules but organized on the national level in Germany, offers a unique opportunity to compare international voting bias patterns to national voting bias patterns. Thus, this paper presents an innovative analysis by comparatively analyzing the ESC's historical data from 1998 to 2013 and the BSC's data from its beginning in 2005 until 2013 with the same econometric methodology. Our results show that voting biases do not only matter in international contests but also occur in similarly-organized national contests with roughly similar magnitude and quality - despite the cultural background of participants and voters being much more homogenous.
    Keywords: Eurovision Song Contest,Bundesvision Song Contest,culturally-biased voting,media economics,cultural economics
    JEL: L82 Z10
    Date: 2014
  3. By: G. Meloni; D. Paolini; M. Pulina
    Abstract: We examine the impact of public subsidies in the Italian movie industry by considering two dimensions - quantity (box-office revenues) and quality (film festival awards). Public subsidies and movie genres are employed as explanatory variables to investigate how public intervention and genre influence movie industry performance. We find that although public funding shows an overall negative influence on quantity and quality, there are some differences when considering public subsidies by genre. On balance, there is statistical evidence that dramas and thrillers are the genres that should be primarily financed by public agents.
    Keywords: movie industry; public subsidies; awards; box office
    JEL: C23
    Date: 2015

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