nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2015‒03‒22
two papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. ’Make or Buy’ as Competitive Strategy: Evidence from the Spanish Local TV Industry By Christian Ruzzier; Ricard Gil
  2. The Impact of Values, Gender and Education on Creative Behaviour in Different Domains in Russian Regions By Nadezhda Lebedeva; Ekaterina Bushina

  1. By: Christian Ruzzier (Department of Economics, Universidad de San Andres); Ricard Gil (Johns Hopkins Carey Business School)
    Abstract: This paper empirically investigates whether changes in product market competition affect firm boundaries. Exploiting regulation-induced shocks to entry barriers and differences in regulation enforcement across cities to obtain exogenous variation in competition, we establish a negative causal effect of competition (through reduced entry barriers and a larger number of rival firms) on vertical integration in the setting of the Spanish local television industry between 1995 and 2002.
    Keywords: competition, vertical integration, Spanish television
    JEL: D22 L22 L24 L82
    Date: 2015–02
  2. By: Nadezhda Lebedeva (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Ekaterina Bushina (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper presents results of the research into different types of creative behaviour and their predictors in the Central and North-Caucasus federal districts of Russia (N=2046). The revised PVQ-R questionnaire of Schwartz for values measurement and the modified Creative Behaviour Inventory (CBI) of Dollinger for creative behaviour measurement were used. The model with five different domains of creative behaviour: visual art, literature, craft, performance, organizational creativity and generalized creativity was confirmed in a simultaneous CFA in both regions. This model with values, gender and level of education as predictors was tested using structural equation modelling with AMOS 19.0. Values, education and gender influence creative behaviour in different domains. The value of Openness to Change positively, and the value of Conservation negatively influence creative behaviour in different domains in both the regions. The impacts of gender and education on creativity have domain and regional specifics: craft is a ‘female’ domain of creativity whereas organizational creativity is a ‘male’ one; higher education promotes organizational and visual creativity in both regions and literature creativity in the North Caucasus
    Keywords: creativity, domains of creativity, values, gender, education
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2015

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