nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2014‒09‒05
two papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. How often to a museum? Motivations matter By Juan Gabriel Brida; Chiara Dalle Nogare; Raffaele Scuderi
  2. Migration, Diasporas and Culture: an Empirical Investigation By Paul Collier; Anke Hoeffler

  1. By: Juan Gabriel Brida (Free University of Bozen); Chiara Dalle Nogare (University of Brescia); Raffaele Scuderi (University of Enna Kore)
    Abstract: Some recent contributions to the literature on cultural participation have highlighted the presence of previously disregarded motivations and the necessity of a refinement of the measure of cultural capital used in empirical analyses. However, the question of how motivation affects the frequency of cultural consumption has seldom been raised in a rigorous empirical setting. Here we use data collected in 2012 at Vittoriale, the most popular museum of the shores of lake Garda, a renowned Italian touristic destination, to investigate the issue. We apply Zero Inflated Poisson, in order to assess the influence of a set of selected variables on the number of museums visited in the last 12 months. We find that cultural capital, proxied by literacy, social status, proximity of supply and time constraints affect the number of visits to museums and arts exhibitions. We also find that the variables capturing a possible motivation effect, obtained as a result of a multiple correspondence analysis, are significant. We draw some new policy implications for museum managers.
    Keywords: museums, cultural participation, econometric model for count data
    Date: 2014–08
  2. By: Paul Collier; Anke Hoeffler
    Abstract: Using global data we examine the dynamics of migration from developing to developed countries. Origin and destination countries are characterized by substantial differences in incomes, political rights and cultures. Incentives as well as costs shape the decision to migrate. One powerful dynamic effect is that diasporas increase migration, mainly because they lower the cost of migration. Diasporas assist the next wave of migrants by overcoming the high cost of the emigration, in particular when the origin country is far away and poor. The interaction between the diaspora and cultural distance is also significant. Diasporas in culturally distant countries appear to be particularly useful in overcoming the cost of migration. Culturally distant diasporas are less likely to assimilate and maintain closer links with their country of origin, while diasporas from culturally similar countries are more likely to assimilate and thus be less useful to potential new migrants.
    Keywords: Migration, development, culture
    JEL: O15 Z1
    Date: 2014

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