nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2014‒05‒24
six papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Universita' del Piemonte Orientale Amedeo Avogadro

  1. Cultural Heritage Management for Sustainable Development in Rural Cultural Landscapes: The Case of Throne of Solomon in Iran By Fabio Donato; Anahita Lohrasbi
  2. Incorporating cultural values and preferences in wetland valuation and policy By MAYULA CHAIKUMBUNG; HELEN SCARBOROUGH; CHRIS DOUCOULIAGOS
  3. A Provocative Event, Media, And Religious Choice: The Pussy Riot Case As A Natural Experiment By Alexander S. Skorobogatov
  4. Superstars in politics: the role of the media in the koizumi regime By Yamamura, Eiji; Sbatini, Fabio
  5. Prospects for a German-Russian Scientific Cooperation in the Field of Media Economics By Khabyuk, Olexiy
  6. Economics breeds culture By Patricio Garcia-Minguez; Ausias Ribo Argemi

  1. By: Fabio Donato; Anahita Lohrasbi
    Abstract: This paper is aimed at studying the potentials of cultural heritage in the discourse of development in rural cultural landscapes. It studies the attributes of the integrated cultural landscape management in order to maintain sustainability of the cultural landscape as a holistic system of entangled cultural and natural elements. This management approach is investigated through participative activities as well as considering cultural heritage as a resource for local sustainable development in all dimensions. While going through chronological review of policy documents in the area of sustainable development and cultural integration, academic literature review was made to come up with defining the interfaces of valorization of cultural heritage and the dimensions of sustainable development. The relevant challenges regarding the rural cultural landscapes were studied through a questionnaire survey in the case of a World Heritage Site in Iran, namely Throne of Solomon (Takht-e Soleyman). The findings of the empirical research show that the area is suffering from the lack of symmetrical exploitation of the resources not adequately resulting in economic development, environmental protection and social cohesion. On the other hand, at local level there is a positive trend for the participative activities for valorization of cultural heritage as a potential resource for development which acknowledges global recognition of culture as the forth pillar of sustainable development.
    Keywords: Cultural landscape management; sustainable development; cultural heritage; participation; valorization
    JEL: Z10
    Date: 2014–05–02
    Abstract: This paper reports the findings of a choice modelling study designed to estimate the willingness-to-pay (WTP) for improvement of the ecosystem services of Bung Khong Long wetland in Thailand. The findings indicate that the cultural values associated with the wetland are significant suggesting that incorporating culture preferences may be a key factor in supporting wetland conservation. Attitudinal characteristics of respondents are important factors influencing WTP, implying community preferences are important in the effectiveness of environmental conservation efforts for this community.
    Keywords: Wetland valuation, Cultural values, Choice modelling
    Date: 2014–04–15
  3. By: Alexander S. Skorobogatov (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper uses the famous events related to Pussy Riot as a natural experiment to examine the effect of alternative media on church membership. A differences-in-differences strategy is used to explore the effect in question. The hypothesis is that, given a lack of religious background on the majority of the population and strong temporal interest in religious issues promoted by some provocative event, mass media can substantially affect religious choice. To check if this is the case, we compare the dynamics of religious choice of those exposed to alternative media reports on church topics and the rest of the people. As a proxy of familiarity with an alternative view, we use a dummy variable for using Internet. Our main result is that, during the experiment run over the year 2012, the growth of self-reported Orthodox and strict Orthodox believers was significantly lower in the treatment group than in the control group. Exposure to alternative media coverage turned out to heavily affect religious choice.
    Keywords: natural experiment, placebo, Orthodox Church, differences-in-differences, mass media
    JEL: Z12 D70 L82 P20
    Date: 2014
  4. By: Yamamura, Eiji; Sbatini, Fabio
    Abstract: This paper explores the role of mass media on people’s perceptions of charismatic leaders, focusing on Japan’s Koizumi regime. We conduct an empirical assessment, looking at the influence of television and newspapers on the support for Koizumi and his principal policy. This study uses individual-level data collected immediately after Koizumi’s 2005 landslide win. The major findings are: (1) frequency of exposure to mass media is positively related to support for Koizumi but not to support for his principal policy and (2) the effect of watching television is only observed for women and that of reading the newspaper only for men. Thus, a charismatic male leader on television has a greater influence than his policy on female voters. The psychological effect of an “attractive” male leader on female voters is amplified through television. Despite no support from special interest groups, Koizumi won the election because of a televised superstar effect.
    Keywords: Mass media, television, newspaper, election, Koizumi regime, superstar effect
    JEL: D72 L82 L88
    Date: 2014–05–06
  5. By: Khabyuk, Olexiy (Department of Economics of the Duesseldorf University of Applied Sciences)
    Abstract: The paper at hand illustrates the history and the current state of the media economics tradition in German-speaking countries. After describing early, inter- and transdisciplinary approaches in media economics the author will discuss boundaries of the market provision of media goods (“market failure”), which represents the basic paradigm of the German media economics tradition. Research ideas equally interesting for both German and Russian scientists will be proposed in order to pave the way for а future cooperation.
    Abstract: Der vorliegende Beitrag veranschaulicht die Entstehungsgeschichte und den aktuellen Stand der deutschsprachigen Medienökonomie. Neben der Diskussion früherer sowie ihrer inter- und transdisziplinärer Ansätze wird durch die schwerpunktmäßige Erörterung der Grenzen marktlicher Bereitstellungsverfahren (Marktversagen) das Grundparadigma der deutschsprachigen Medienökonomie dargestellt. Die Skizzierung von für deutsche und russische Wissenschaftler gleichermaßen interessanten Forschungsfeldern soll den Weg für eine künftige Zusammenarbeit ebnen.
    Keywords: Marktversagen, Mediengütern, interdisziplinäre Medienökonomie, deutschsprachige Tradition, Medienökonomie, Medienregulierung, Russland, market failure, provision, media goods, interdisciplinary media economics, media economics tradition, German-speaking countries, media regulation
    JEL: L82
    Date: 2014–05
  6. By: Patricio Garcia-Minguez (Facultat d'Economia i Empresa; Universitat de Barcelona (UB)); Ausias Ribo Argemi (Facultat d'Economia i Empresa; Universitat de Barcelona (UB))
    Abstract: Several recent papers document the influence and long lasting effects oftechnology on preferences. Simultaneously, cultural factors are often invoked to explain heterogeneity in preferences. These two ideas suggest that culture determines the short run equilibrium values of economic variables, but, in the long run, culture changes in response to the underlying economic fundamentals. We build a model in which preferences are endogenous and the diversity in preferences (the "cultural" diversity) is explained by the variation in the relevant economic fundamentals. This can help explain observed differences in labor market attachment among groups defined e.g., by citizenship, ethnicity or gender.
    Keywords: Endogenous Preferences, Technology, Culture, Labor market participation, Taxes.
    JEL: D01 J22 J3 Z10
    Date: 2014

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