nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2014‒05‒09
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Universita' del Piemonte Orientale Amedeo Avogadro

  1. Out of the public eye: The International Labour Organisation in the media By Nullmeier, Frank
  2. Digital files dealers and prohibition in the context of the French 3 strikes (HADOPI) law By Sylvain Dejean; Raphaël Suire
  3. “I want creative neighbours”. Do creative service industries spillovers cross regional boundaries? By Rafael Boix Domenech; José Luis Hervás Oliver; Blanca De Miguel Molina

  1. By: Nullmeier, Frank
    Abstract: Politics takes place in public communication and is part of public communication. Today, public communication is substantially determined by the media. This is also the case for the field of global social policy. The following study addresses the question of how global social policy and, in particular, the International Labour Organization (ILO) as the key player in global social policy, is discussed in the media. Are global social policy and the ILO visible at all in the media? To what extent is the organisation visible? How do the media report about the ILO and on what exactly does media coverage of the ILO focus? -- Politik vollzieht sich in öffentlicher Kommunikation. Und diese wird wesentlich durch mediale Angebote bestimmt. Das trifft auch auf die globale Sozialpolitik zu. Die vorliegende Studie beschäftigt sich mit der Frage, wie globale Sozialpolitik - und insbesondere die Internationale Arbeitsorganisation (ILO) als deren zentraler Akteur - in den Medien dargestellt werden. Wie hoch ist die mediale Aufmerksamkeit für das Thema globale Sozialpolitik? Zu welchen Anlässen wird die Presse auf die ILO aufmerksam? Wie sichtbar ist die ILO als Organisation, als politischer Akteur und als Informationsgeber? Wie berichten die Medien über die ILO und welches Bild dieser internationalen Organisation entsteht dadurch?
    Date: 2014
  2. By: Sylvain Dejean (LR-MOS, University of La Rochelle, France); Raphaël Suire (CREM UMR CNRS 6211, University of Rennes 1, France)
    Abstract: Illegal digital file consumption is widely believed to influence sales of cultural goods. Online piracy is now  regulated  and  prohibited  in  some  countries,  especially  in  France,  where  HADOPI  is  a  legal  authority in charge of Peer-­‐to-­‐Peer (P2P) protocol monitoring. We claim that prohibitions on digital markets  share  some  characteristics  of  other  criminal  activities  such  as  those  of  the  drug  market.  Prohibition of a good or service can lead to the emergence of a black market embedded in a social network.  Based  on  an  original  and  representative  2012  French  survey,  we  show  that  such  a  social  and offline organisation is observed. Indeed, offline swapping is now the largest way to exchange digital  files.  We  show  that  offline  swapping  is  embedded  in  a  hierarchical  social  network  where  different behaviours are observed. On one hand, there are wholesalers of digital files who provide more than they receive from this offline network and maintain online downloading activity through P2P technology. On the other hand, there are also the “simple” consumers who consume only from offline  swapping  and  never  provide  files  to  others.  They  never  use  monitored  P2P  technology  because HADOPI acts as a deterrent. Our econometric analysis suggest that this “fear” of HADOPI plays a significant role in structuring this offline swapping network, as the position in the swapping network is driven by the feeling of being threatened by HADOPI.
    Keywords: HADOPI, social network, piracy, prohibition, offline swapping
    Date: 2014–04
  3. By: Rafael Boix Domenech; José Luis Hervás Oliver; Blanca De Miguel Molina
    Abstract: The occurrence of creative service industries (CSI) is a strong determinant of differences in wealth amongst European regions. However, it is unknown if the strong effects are limited to occurring within regional boundaries or whether there are spillover effects into neighbouring regions. The purpose of this paper is to assess the existence of CSI spillover effects on the wealth of neighbouring regions. CSI and spillovers are integrated into both an empirical model and an endogenous growth model. Both models are estimated for a sample of 250 regions in the European Union in 2008. We find that most of the effects of CSI take place within regions, although there is also evidence that CSI has indirect spillovers across regions.
    Keywords: creative industries; creative services; regional growth; spatial spillovers; spatial econometrics
    Date: 2014–03

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