nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2014‒03‒22
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Universita' del Piemonte Orientale Amedeo Avogadro

  1. Culture: Persistence and Evolution By Francesco Giavazzi; Ivan Petkov; Fabio Schiantarelli
  2. Citations of Most Often Cited Economists: Do Scholarly Books Matter More than Quality Journals? By Jin, Jang C; Choi, E Kwan

  1. By: Francesco Giavazzi (Bocconi University); Ivan Petkov (Boston College); Fabio Schiantarelli (Boston College; IZA)
    Abstract: This paper presents evidence on the speed of evolution (or lack thereof) of a wide range of values and beliefs of different generations of European immigrants to the US. The main result is that persistence differs greatly across cultural attitudes. Some, for instance deep personal religious values, some fam-ily and moral values, and political orientation are very persistent. Other, such as attitudes toward cooperation, redistribution, effort, children independence, premarital sex, and even the frequency of religious practice or the intensity of association with one’s religion, converge rather quickly. Moreover, the results obtained studying higher generation immigrants differ greatly from those obtained limiting the analysis to the second generation, and imply lesser degree of persistence. Finally, we show that persistence is ”culture specific” in the sense that the country from which one’s ancestors came matters for the pattern of generational convergence.
    Keywords: Culture, Values, Beliefs, Transmission, Persistence, Evolution, Immigrants, Integration
    JEL: A13 F22 J00 J61 Z10
    Date: 2014–03–18
  2. By: Jin, Jang C; Choi, E Kwan
    Abstract: This paper empirically investigates the determinants of citations based on the publicationof the top 100 most often cited economists. The effects of publication age and author fame onsubsequent citations are found to be positive and significant. Citations are also significantly affectedby popular subfields in economics. However, journal quality measures, such as impact factors,download statistics and top-4 elite journals, have insignificant effects on citations. In contrast, thecitation effect of scholarly books is positive and significant, and its impact is even greater than thoseof journal quality measures.
    Keywords: citations; most often cited economists
    JEL: A1
    Date: 2014–03–01
  3. By: Cartier, Lee
    Abstract: In 1989, the Canada – United States Free Trade Agreement (FTA) was implemented and dramatically changed the course of the wine industry’s development in British Columbia (BC). The FTA forced the industry to make the transition from being highly protected, and inefficient, to a competitive market contender. Although considered initially to be a victim of the FTA, by 2010, the BC wine industry contributed $295.8 million to the BC economy, or 0.15% of provincial GDP, and provided 5,100 direct and indirect jobs; and is now considered by many to be a remarkable BC success story. This investigation traces the evolution of the industry from 2000 to 2010 by examining the structural changes that occurred in the industry’s value chain during that period. The study employs and industry cluster model to identify the relationships between the firms located in the Okanagan region. Results from the study show the growth in value added from all sectors of the value chain and identify several sources of the industry’s competitive advantage: extensive vertical integration, and a strong relationship to the tourism cluster. Conclusions are provided regarding the future challenges and opportunities facing the industry.
    Keywords: British Columbia, Wine Industry, Agribusiness, Industrial Organization, International Development,
    Date: 2014–02

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