nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2014‒03‒01
four papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Universita' del Piemonte Orientale Amedeo Avogadro

  1. Software Piracy: A Critical Survey of the Theoretical and Empirical Literature By Nicolas Dias Gomes; Pedro André Cerqueira; Luís Alçada Almeida
  2. Cultural diversity and cities – the intercultural integration approach By Irena Guidikova
  3. The Evolving Regulation of the Media in Europe as an Instrument for Freedom and Pluralism By Elda Brogi
  4. Cultural Diversity in Europe: a story of mutual benefit By Ulrike Hanna Meinhof

  1. By: Nicolas Dias Gomes (Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra and INESC-Coimbra, Portugal); Pedro André Cerqueira (Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra and GEMF, Portugal); Luís Alçada Almeida (Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra and INESC-Coimbra, Portugal)
    Abstract: As devices that used software became available to the masses the problem of software piracy arose. Recent theoretical works modeled the software piracy phenomenon; others tried to empirically explain the determinants that can explain this phenomenon. Empirical literature in the latter case is still in it´s infancy. This chapter reviews the theoretical literature focusing on three major models, those that deal with diffusion models, network externalities and with game theory. It also presents the empirical literature in which we identify eight stylized results that reflect key variables across five macroeconomic dimensions that explain software piracy: Economic, Cultural, Technological, Legal and Educational dimensions.
    Keywords: Software Piracy, Copyright, Intellectual Property Rights.
    JEL: C50 C70 D85 L86 O34
    Date: 2014–01
  2. By: Irena Guidikova
    Abstract: Research has convincingly demonstrated that diversity of cultural backgrounds and associated differences in skills, education and abilities can be a rich resource for companies and creative teams but also for the social and economic development of societies. The challenge is to conceive and implement public policies and institutions that make it possible to realise the positive potential of diversity. The Intercultural integration policy paradigm which takes up this challenge has been developed and tested by the Council of Europe in a range of cities across the continent. The article introduces this paradigm as well as a series of examples of how it translates into different policy areas.
    Keywords: diversity/homogeneity
    Date: 2014–01–17
  3. By: Elda Brogi
    Abstract: European regulation of the media is influenced by the economic regulation of networks, contents, and e-commerce, to which it is very close. However, media regulation has one peculiar differentiating characteristic: it cannot concentrate only on market competition, as the rest of modern economic regulation does, but has to pursue other fundamental values. In particular, media pluralism and media freedom emerge as policy goals that are essential for democracy and human rights in Europe. In this paper, we discuss the EU’s search for a point of equilibrium in Member States’ resistance to the relinquishing of their power in the sector; we describe the current debate, and suggest some possible directions for development.
    Keywords: regulation
    Date: 2014–02–18
  4. By: Ulrike Hanna Meinhof
    Abstract: The paper highlights the considerable positive impact of cultural diversity and the mutual benefit accrued for migrants and non-migrants alike. Against the background of growing hostility against, and increasing politicisation of the presence of migrants in European societies it sets a different vision of mutual respect, collaboration and benefit. So as to show the way in which contemporary migration is not a ‘one-way’ street of movements from poorer to richer countries where the rich offer all and receive nothing in return, the paper develops a four-tiered ‘hub’ structure that highlights complex multidirectional connections and mutual support of people in transnational networks. Central to the argument is the understanding that migrants do not come empty-handed but possess substantial ‘transcultural capital ‘that forms the basis for enriching reciprocal encounters between the global North and the global South. The paper offers much-needed empirical data from these encounters based on the author’s field work in Madagascar and across different European countries.
    Date: 2013–12–11

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