nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2013‒12‒29
seven papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University Amedeo Avogadro

  1. The Spatial Distribution of Creative Industries and Cultural Heritage in The Netherlands By Karima Kourtit; Jan Möhlmann; Peter Nijkamp; Jan Rouwendal
  2. How Are You, My Dearest Mozart? Well-being and Creativity of Three Famous Composers Based on their Letters By Borowiecki, Karol Jan
  3. SPATIAL CLUSTERING OF ARTISTS By Andersson , Åke E.; Andersson , David E.; Daghbashyan, Zara; Hårsman, Björn
  4. Culture and Institutions By Alberto Alesina; Paola Giuliano
  5. The value of sporting success to Germans: Comparing the 2012 UEFA Championships with the 2012 Olympics By Wicker, Pamela; Kiefer, Stephanie; Dilger, Alexander
  6. Cross-border media and nationalism: Evidence from Serbian radio in Croatia By Della Vigna, Stefano; Enikolopov, Ruben; Mironova, Vera; Petrova, Maria; Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina
  7. American and Russian “victory” discourse: a conflict of cultures By Anna D. Plisetskaya

  1. By: Karima Kourtit (VU University Amsterdam); Jan Möhlmann (VU University Amsterdam); Peter Nijkamp (VU University Amsterdam); Jan Rouwendal (VU University Amsterdam)
    Abstract: This paper aims to investigate whether the spatial pattern of creative industries in the Netherlands has a relationship with the presence of cultural heritage or, in a more general sense, cultural capital. It first shows how the creative sector developed between 1994 – 2009 in relation to other Dutch sectors. Additionally, it analyses the urban dimension of the creative industry by focussing on the four large urban agglomerations in the Netherlands. And finally, it addresses the question whether a relationship exists between the share of the creative industry and the stock of cultural heritage at the level of municipalities. The paper concludes that local cultural heritage provides a statistically significant contribution to the presence of the creative industry at a municipality level.
    Keywords: creative industries; cultural heritage; cultural industry
    JEL: R1 R12
    Date: 2013–12–09
  2. By: Borowiecki, Karol Jan (Department of Business and Economics)
    Abstract: The well-being of a person is reflected in the language used. Building on 1,400 letters written by three famous music composers, I obtain well-being indices that span their lifetime. The validity of this methodology is shown by linking the indices with biographical information and through estimation of the determinants of well-being. I find, consistent with the literature, that work-related engagements and accomplishments are positively related with well-being, while poor health or death of a relative is detrimental. I then exploit the data and provide quantitative evidence on the existence of a causal impact of negative emotions on outstanding creativity, an association hypothesized across several disciplines since the Antiquity; however, not yet convincingly established for the case of extraordinary achievers.
    Keywords: Well-being; happiness; positive emotions; negative emotions; creativity; health; labor; composer; letters; methodology; music history
    JEL: D60 I31 J24 N33 Z11
    Date: 2013–12–17
  3. By: Andersson , Åke E. (Department of Economics, Finance and Statistics, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden); Andersson , David E. (Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods, Nottingham University Business School, University of Nottingham, Ningbo, Zhejiang, China); Daghbashyan, Zara (Department of Industrial Economics and Management, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm); Hårsman, Björn (Department of Industrial Economics and Management, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm)
    Abstract: Surveys of artists’ location choices show that they disproportionately reside in large cities. This paper introduces a model that attempts to explain this urban preference. The model includes four factors: access to other artists, access to consumers, access to service jobs, and housing affordability. These four factors are combined in a spatial equilibrium model. Subsequently, the model is used for an econometric estimation of factor effects. The results show that access to other artists and local access to service jobs are important localization factors. Educated labor used as a proxy for consumer demand has a significant effect on artists' location choices.
    Keywords: location choice; artists; clustering; knowledge externalities
    JEL: R12 R14 R15 R23 Z11
    Date: 2013–12–16
  4. By: Alberto Alesina; Paola Giuliano
    Abstract: A growing body of new empirical work has measured different types of cultural traits, showing that culture matters for a variety of economic outcomes. This paper focuses on one specific aspect of the relevance of culture: its relationship with institutions. Evidence from theoretical, empirical, and historical examples is reviewed to critically asses the presence of a two-way causal effect between culture and institutions.
    JEL: P16 Z1
    Date: 2013–12
  5. By: Wicker, Pamela; Kiefer, Stephanie; Dilger, Alexander
    Abstract: We examine the value of sporting success to the German population at two major sport events in 2012, the European Championships in football and the London Olympic Games. Using the contingent valuation method (CVM), this study is the first to compare the value of sporting success between two events. The results show a higher average willingness-to-pay (WTP) for winning the European title in football (47.31) than for Germany being ranked first in the Olympic medal table (37.06). Aggregated WTP amounts to 3.3 billion (football) respectively 2.6 billion (Olympics). We can also determine significant drivers of WTP for sporting success. -- Wir untersuchen, wie viel sportliche Erfolge bei zwei großen Sportveranstaltungen, der Fußballeuropameisterschaft 2012 und den Olympischen Sommerspiele 2012, der deutschen Bevölkerung wert sind. Diese Studie ist die erste, die den Wert von sportlichen Erfolgen bei zwei Sportveranstaltungen vergleicht. Dafür wird die Contingent Valuation Method angewandt. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die durchschnittliche Zahlungsbereitschaft für den Gewinn des Europameisterschaftstitels (47,31 Euro) höher ist als die durchschnittliche Zahlungsbereitschaft für den ersten Platz im Medaillenspiegel bei den Olympischen Sommerspielen (37,06 Euro). Eine Hochrechnung der gesamten Zahlungsbereitschaft für die deutsche Bevölkerung kommt zu einem Betrag von 3,3 Mrd. Euro (Fußball) beziehungsweise 2,6 Mrd. Euro (Olympia). Darüber hinaus ermittelt die Studie signifikante Einflussfaktoren der Zahlungsbereitschaft für sportliche Erfolge.
    JEL: D12 D61 D62 H41 H43 L83
    Date: 2013
  6. By: Della Vigna, Stefano; Enikolopov, Ruben; Mironova, Vera; Petrova, Maria; Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina
    Abstract: How do nationalistic media affect animosity between ethnic groups? We consider one of Europe’s deadliest conflicts since WWII: the Serbo-Croatian conflict. We show that, after a decade of peace, cross-border nationalistic Serbian radio triggers ethnic hatred towards Serbs in Croatia. Mostly attracted by non-political content, many Croats listen to Serbian public radio (intended for Serbs in Serbia) whenever signal is available. As a result, the vote for extreme nationalist parties is higher, and ethnically offensive graffiti are more common, in Croatian villages with Serbian radio reception. A laboratory experiment confirms that Serbian radio exposure causes anti-Serbian sentiment among Croats.
    Date: 2013–12
  7. By: Anna D. Plisetskaya (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: This article focuses on the presidential rhetoric of Russian and American leaders at the end of their latest campaigns, taking their victory speeches given immediately after winning their respective elections as examples. The comparative cross-cultural research presented in this study includes cognitive, corpus, and rhetorical approaches and is carried out within the framework of critical discourse analysis. The interconnection between language, culture and politics is evident through metaphors used by national leaders. The metaphor THE RUSSIAN NATION IS AT WAR reconstructed in President Putin’s victory speech is quite different from the metaphor THE AMERICAN NATION IS ONE FAMILY found in President Obama’s victory speech. Archetypal metaphors found in both speeches reflect public values that turn out to be highly contrastive and explain some cultural and political differences between the great powers.
    Keywords: rhetorical strategies, archetypal metaphor, metaphorical concept, corpus data, public values
    JEL: Z19
    Date: 2013

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