nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2013‒11‒09
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University Amedeo Avogadro

  1. Satellite Culture Account for Uruguay: Visual and Plastic Arts Sector By Gabriela Medeiros
  2. "Testing the Effectiveness of Regulation and Competition on Cable Television Rates" By Mary T. Kelly; John S. Ying
  3. The influence of ethnicity and culture on the valuation of environmental improvements: Results from a CVM study in Southwest China By Ahlheim, Michael; Börger, Tobias; Frör, Oliver

  1. By: Gabriela Medeiros (University of the Republic, Uruguay)
    Abstract: Implementing a Culture Satellite Account (CSA) is a pioneering feature to measure the economic impact of the cultural sector. The first countries to have one were Chile and Colombia, followed by Finland and Spain in 2009.Uruguay has completed its CSA through a research done by the University of the Republic, upon the request of the Ministry of Education and Culture. This paper shows the estimation of the Visual and Plastic Arts sector included in the CSA. The estimated variables are production and generation of income accounts, the exports and employment, using as a main theoretical framework the Methodological Manual for the implementation of the CSA of the agreement AndrŽs Bello (CAB, 2009). This sector is one of the most complex ones, since the primary market (formed by the first transaction of the work) operates with a high level of informality, specially regarding sales done by the artists themselves. However, with a systematic methodology in which the results are obtained considering both offer and demand, it is possible to estimate a peculiar and interesting sector such as the Visual and Plastic Arts.
    Keywords: National Accounts, Culture, Satellite Accounts, Visual and Plastic Arts
    JEL: E20 Z19
    Date: 2013–11
  2. By: Mary T. Kelly (Department of Economics, Villanova University); John S. Ying (Department of Economics, University of Delaware)
    Abstract: Regulation of the cable television industry was marked by remarkable periods of deregulation, re-regulation, and re-deregulation during the 1980s and 1990s. Using FCC firm-level survey data spanning 1993 to 2001, we model and econometrically estimate the effect of regulation and competition on cable rates. Our calculations indicate that while regulation lowered rates for small system operators, it raised them for medium and large systems. Meanwhile, competition consistently decreased rates from 5.6 to 8.8 percent, with even larger declines during periods of regulation. Our results suggest that competition is more effective than regulation in containing cable prices.
    Keywords: cable rates; regulation; competition.
    JEL: L50 L51 L96 L97 L98
    Date: 2013
  3. By: Ahlheim, Michael; Börger, Tobias; Frör, Oliver
    Abstract: The provision of environmental goods by government creates social benefits which might vary between citizen groups with different cultural and ethnic backgrounds. These differences as well as the overall extent of benefits should be analysed before the implementation of public projects in order to consider not only the efficiency aspects of such a project but also its distributional effects. In Southwest China we are facing a rapid deforestation for the development of rubber cultivation and at the same time find an ethnically highly diverse population. This Contingent Valuation study tries to assess the short-term and long-term benefits accruing from a public reforestation programme in Xishuangbanna and their distribution among different ethnic groups living in that region. The results show that different ethnic groups value short-term and future benefits of reforestation differently and that these differences can be explained by the different cultural and historical backgrounds of these ethnic groups. --
    Keywords: Rubber cultivation,contingent valuation method,environmental costs,ethnicities,equity,cultural ecosystem services,China
    JEL: D31 D33 E6 E25
    Date: 2013

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