nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2013‒06‒16
seven papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University Amedeo Avogadro

  1. Music Originals as Capital Assets By Rachel Soloveichik
  2. Long-Lived Television Programs as Capital Assets By Rachel Soloveichik
  3. Advertising in a luxury fashion magazine: a comparison between Italy and China By Francesca Checchinato; Cinzia Colapinto; Alice Giusto
  4. Hooliganism and demand for football in Italy: Attendance and counter-violence policy evaluation By Caruso Raul; Di Domizio Marco
  5. The effects of old and new media on children's weight. By Agne Suziedelyte
  6. Economic Effects of Domestic and Neighbouring Countries' Cultural Diversity By Erkan Goeren
  7. Democracy, Dictatorship and the Cultural Transmission of Political Values By Davide Ticchi; Thierry Verdier; Andrea Vindigni

  1. By: Rachel Soloveichik (Bureau of Economic Analysis)
    Date: 2013–06
  2. By: Rachel Soloveichik (Bureau of Economic Analysis)
    Date: 2013–06
  3. By: Francesca Checchinato (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice); Cinzia Colapinto (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice); Alice Giusto (Research Fellow Università Ca' Foscari Venice)
    Abstract: In the general framework of globalization and internationalization, the paper focuses on the advertising strategies adopted by top companies in the luxury sector. The article reports on the preliminary data of a study to determine the importance of local culture in advertising content by comparing Chinese and Italian ads. In particular, this research analyses the content of advertisements from Vogue, one of the most popular and influential fashion and beauty magazine, both in China and Italy: the focus is on three industries, namely clothing, cosmetics and jewellery. The selected ads of Ôproduct pairsÕ allow to shed a light on the choices in terms of communications messages and conveyed image by top brands in both countries. The content analysis points out visual and textual elements contributing to the standardization-adaptation discussion: this research reveals that strategies are both affected by the country and the product category.
    Keywords: brand communication; Cross cultural marketing; advertising strategies; China; Italy
    JEL: M31 M37 N30
    Date: 2013–05
  4. By: Caruso Raul; Di Domizio Marco
    Abstract: This paper investigates the effect of counter-violence measures, adopted by Italian Government in 2007, on Italian Serie A gate attendance. Starting from the evidence of a negative trend in the average stadium presences, experienced by Italian football since the first 80s, an econometric analysis is proposed to investigate short period determinants of tickets sale at single match level. In the light of the potential detrimental role of football violence, we focus on recent counter-hooliganism policies. These measures, grounded on a ‘fidelity card’, were designed to keep out the violent part of committed fans in favour of the uncommitted. According to our econometric investigation the expected substitution effect failed, and the ‘fidelity card’ strategy did not turn to be successful if evaluated on the average attendance perspective.
    Keywords: Hooliganism, Stadium attendance, Italian Serie A, Demand for football
    JEL: D12 K42 L83
    Date: 2013–06
  5. By: Agne Suziedelyte (The University of New South Wales)
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to determine if there is a causal relationship between children's time spent on media related activities and their weight. Since the beginning of 1980s, childhood obesity rates in the U.S. and other developed countries have been increasing. It has been suggested in the literature that changes in children's media use is an important explanation for the observed increase in children's weight. I investigate whether or not this hypothesis is supported by data. Additionally, I compare the eects of television, or old media, with the eects of computers and video games, or new media. The Child Development Supplement to the Panel Study of Income Dynamics is used for the analysis. To address the endogeneity of children's media use, I use the child xed eects and correlated random effects models. I find no evidence that media use contributes to weight gain among children. On average, a one hour per week increase in a child's video game or computer time is estimated to decrease his/ her body mass index slightly and to not affect signicantly the probability of being overweight or obese. The estimated effects of television time on weight are not significantly different from zero. These findings, especially the results related to children's computer or video game time, are robust to a number of sensitivity checks. Additionally, there is heterogeneity in the effects of media time by child and family characteristics.
    Keywords: obesity; body weight; media use; time use; children
    JEL: D13 I12 J13
    Date: 2012–09
  6. By: Erkan Goeren (University of Oldenburg - Department of Economics and Statistics)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the economic growth impact of cultural diversity, both domestically and in neighbouring countries, in a balanced panel of 94 countries covering the period 1970 to 2004. The measures of cultural diversity used in this article were derived from a recently developed computer algorithm intended primarily to measure linguistic distances in an automated fashion. The empirical analysis suggests that the degree of cultural diversity in contiguous neighbouring countries has substantial positive effects on domestic per capita income growth, even controlling for a broad set of regional, institutional, religious and other proximate factors of economic growth. The conclusion is that culturally homogeneous countries gain a strategic advantage over their culturally diverse neighbours.
    Keywords: cultural diversity, ethnic diversity, economic growth
    JEL: O11 O5
    Date: 2013–04
  7. By: Davide Ticchi; Thierry Verdier; Andrea Vindigni
    Abstract: We develop a theory of endogenous regimes transitions (with a focus on democratic consolidation), which emphasizes the role of political culture and of its interaction with political institutions. Political culture re?flects the extent of individual commitment across citizens to defend democracy against a potential military coup, and it is an endogenous state variable of the model along with formal political institutions. We focus on two agencies of political socialization: the family and the state. Parents invest resources in order to transmit their own political values (commitment to democracy) to their children. The state invests resources in public indoctrination infrastructures. The model displays two-way complementarities between political regimes and political culture diffusion. Consolidated democracy emerges when sufficiently many people are committed to democracy. Otherwise the model features persistent ?uctuations in and out of democracy as well as cycles of political culture. Importantly, the politico-economic equilibrium may exhibit a persistent (although declining) incongruence between political institutions and political culture, which tends to evolve more slowly than formal institutions.
    Keywords: political culture, socialization, democracy, military, nondemocracy, politi- cal economy, political transitions, institutional consolidation, path dependency.
    JEL: P16 H11 H26 H41
    Date: 2013

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