nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2013‒01‒07
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University Amedeo Avogadro

  1. Entrepreneurship and Arts Related Education By Daghbashyan, Zara; Hårsman, Björn
  2. Are academics who publish more also more cited? Individual determinants of publication and citation records By Clément Bosquet; Pierre-Philippe Combes;
  3. Do newspapers matter? Short-run and long-run evidence from the closure of The Cincinnati Post By Miguel Garrido; Sam Schulhofer-Wohl

  1. By: Daghbashyan, Zara (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology); Hårsman, Björn (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to improve understanding of the observed high level of entrepreneurship among arts graduates. Specifically, the entrepreneurship rates of university graduates in the arts, architecture and engineering are compared. The occupational choice model applied has three options: wage employment, owning and a combination of the two. The utility function governing the choice includes income as well as an indicator of the disutility resulting from differences between the skills required and the skills supplied. The model implies that an alternative providing a better match might be preferred to one providing a higher income. Using Swedish data, this paper shows that the possibility of using artistic skills has stronger impact on the choice of occupation than income considerations.
    Keywords: Arts graduates; education; occupational choice
    JEL: I21 L26 M53 M54
    Date: 2012–12–20
  2. By: Clément Bosquet (London School of Economics and Political Science (Spatial Economic Research Center), and Aix-Marseille University (Aix-Marseille School of Economics), CNRS, & EHESS.); Pierre-Philippe Combes (Aix-Marseille University (Aix-Marseille School of Economics), CNRS & EHESS.);
    Abstract: Thanks to a unique individual dataset of French academics in economics, we explain individual publication and citation records by gender and age, coauthorship patterns (average number of authors per article and size of the co-author network) and specialisation choices (percentage of output in each JEL code). The analysis is performed on both EconLit publication scores (adjusted for journal quality) and Google Scholar citation indexes, which allows us to present a broad picture of knowledge diffusion in economics. Citations are largely driven by publication records but also substantially increased by larger research team size and co-author networks.
    Keywords: economics of science, productivity determinants, knowledge diffusion, publication scores, citation indexes
    JEL: J24 O31 J45
    Date: 2012–10
  3. By: Miguel Garrido; Sam Schulhofer-Wohl
    Abstract: The Cincinnati Post published its last edition on New Year’s Eve 2007, leaving the Cincinnati Enquirer as the only daily newspaper in the market. The next year, fewer candidates ran for municipal office in the Kentucky suburbs most reliant on the Post, incumbents became more likely to win re-election, and voter turnout and campaign spending fell. These changes happened even though the Enquirer at least temporarily increased its coverage of the Post’s former strongholds. Voter turnout remained depressed through 2010, nearly three years after the Post closed, but the other effects diminished with time. We exploit a difference-in-differences strategy and the fact that the Post’s closing date was fixed 30 years in advance to rule out some noncausal explanations for our results. Although our findings are statistically imprecise, they suggest that newspapers—even underdogs such as the Post, which had a circulation of just 27,000 when it closed—can have a substantial and measurable impact on public life.
    Keywords: Newspapers
    Date: 2012

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