nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2012‒10‒20
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University Amedeo Avogadro

  1. World Heritage: Where Are We? An Empirical Analysis By Bruno S. Frey; Paolo Pamini
  2. Deconstructing Bataknese Gorga By Situngkir, Hokky
  3. Modernes Museumsmanagement - Ergebnisse einer Umfrage in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz By Proeller, Isabella; Andersen, Christoph; Hartz, Nikola; Hengel, Martin; Kroll, Alexander; Krause, Tobias; Vogel, Dominik

  1. By: Bruno S. Frey; Paolo Pamini
    Abstract: A statistical analysis of the UNESCO World Heritage List is presented. The World Heritage Convention intends to protect global heritage of outstanding value to mankind, but there has been great concern about the missing representativity of the member countries. There is a strongly biased distribution of Sites according to a country's population, area or per capita income. The paper reveals the facts but refrains from judging whether the existing distribution is appropriate or not. This task must be left to the discussion in the World Heritage Convention.
    Date: 2012–10
  2. By: Situngkir, Hokky
    Abstract: The carved and painted decorations in traditional Batak houses and buildings, gorga, are the source of their exoticism. There are no identical patterns of the ornaments within Batak houses and the drawings are closely related to the way ancient Batak capture the dynamicity of the growing “tree of life”, one of central things within their cosmology and mythology. The survey of ornaments of Batak houses and buildings in Northern Sumatera Indonesia has made us possible to observe the complex pattern. The fractal dimensions of the geometrical shapes in gorga are calculated and they are conjectured into 1.5-1.6, between the dimensional of a line and a plane. The way gorga is drawn is captured by using some modification to the turtle geometry of L-System model, a popular model to model the dynamics of growing plants. The result is a proposal to see Bataknese gorga as one of traditional heritage that may enrich the studies to the generative art.
    Keywords: Batak; gorga; carving; painting; Indonesia; fractal; geometry; generative art
    JEL: C00 L83 A13 I00 Q20 D80 Z11 L86
    Date: 2012–10–02
  3. By: Proeller, Isabella; Andersen, Christoph; Hartz, Nikola; Hengel, Martin; Kroll, Alexander; Krause, Tobias; Vogel, Dominik
    Abstract: Die Führung und Steuerung von Museen steht vor verschiedenen Herausforderungen und Veränderungen gegenüber. Organisation, Philosophie und Instrumente der Museumsführung wurden bisher kaum wissenschaftlich untersucht. Insbesondere die Art und Weise, wie Museen gesteuert werden, stand bislang nicht im Fokus der Forschung.Der vorliegende Bericht setzt an dieser Lücke an und verfolgt das Ziel, die Steuerung von Museen in Zeiten wachsender Ansprüche und Herausforderungen herauszuarbeiten. Dazu wurde eine empirische Erhebung durchgeführt, in der die Verwaltungsleiter von 397 größeren Museen in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz befragt wurden. Die Rücklaufquote betrug 45%. --
    Keywords: Museum,Management,Controlling,Steuerung,Museumsmanagement,Public und Nonprofit Management
    JEL: M
    Date: 2012

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