nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2011‒11‒01
five papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University Amedeo Avogadro

  1. On Intergenerational Transmission of Reading Habits in Italy: Is a Good Example the Best Sermon? By Mancini, Anna Laura; Monfardini, Chiara; Pasqua, Silvia
  2. From the Pulps to the Stars: The Making of the American Science Fiction Magazine, 1923-1973 By David Reinecke
  3. The Scope of Open Licenses in Cultural Contents Production and Distribution By Massimiliano Gambardella
  4. The French Unhappiness Puzzle: the Cultural Dimension of Happiness By Senik, Claudia
  5. Media Exposure and Internal Migration: Evidence from Indonesia By Farré, Lídia; Fasani, Francesco

  1. By: Mancini, Anna Laura (Bank of Italy); Monfardini, Chiara (University of Bologna); Pasqua, Silvia (University of Turin)
    Abstract: The intergenerational transmission of preference and attitudes has been less investigated in the literature than the intergenerational transmission of education and income. Using the Italian Time Use Survey (2002-2003) conducted by ISTAT, we analyse the intergenerational transmission of reading habits: are children more likely to allocate time to studying and reading when they observe their parents doing the same activity? The intergeneration transmission of attitudes towards studying and reading can be explained by both cultural and educational transmission from parents to children and by imitating behaviours. The latter channel is of particular interest, since it entails a direct influence parents may have on child's preference formation through their role model, and it opens the scope for active policies aimed at promoting good parents' behaviours. We follow two fundamental approaches to estimation: a "long run" model, consisting of OLS intergenerational type regressions for the reading habit, and "short run" household fixed effect models, where we aim at identifying the impact of the role model exerted by parents, exploiting different exposure of sibling to parents' example within the same household. Our long run results show that children are more likely to read and study when they live with parents that are used to read. Mothers seem to be more important than fathers in this type of intergenerational transmission. Moreover, the short run analysis shows that there is an imitation effect: in the day of the survey children are more likely to read after they saw either the mother or the father reading.
    Keywords: intergenerational transmission of preferences, parental role model, imitation, household fixed effects
    JEL: J13 J22 J24 C21
    Date: 2011–10
  2. By: David Reinecke (Princeton University)
    Abstract: Making a theoretical case linking genre trajectory with artistic legitimation struggles, this paper seeks to explain the development of the American science fiction magazine. Across the fifty-plus years analyzed, science fiction emerged from its lowbrow pulp fiction origins into a highly successful, critically acclaimed genre across multiple mediums. This empirical trend is then modeled using predictors adopted from theories of cultural legitmation, which conceptualize the process as both movement induced and historically shaped. Employing standard time-series regression techniques, the results suggest a sequential story underlying the trajectory of American science fiction magazines: popular science initially created a legitimate discursive space for the nascent genre, while growing cohesive networks among science fiction authors sustained the cultural form in the post-war period. The paper, then, contributes significantly to the growing study of the dynamics of classificatory schemes.
    Keywords: genre trajectory, cultural legitimation, science fiction, popular science, historical sociology, social movements
    JEL: Z11
    Date: 2011–10
  3. By: Massimiliano Gambardella
    Abstract: This paper aims to explore the impact of ex-ante legal status of creator on ex-post open license choice. It first describes the emergents Creative Commons licenses in Open Cultural Contents production and distribution. It introduces the two open models of diffusion and production, followed by creators. It orders the licenses according with their degree of openness in production as well as in diffusion. Then the paper presents an empirical analysis of the impact of legal status of creators on open license choice using an original database of video under Creative Commons licenses, created from the Internet Archive. The results show the existence of two models, Open Diffusion model and Open Production, that the creator has to balance when he/she decides the license. The results also show that in order to obtain benefit from the community, the For-Profit actors are more likely to adopt a high degree of openness in license.
    Keywords: Open Production, Open Diffusion, Creative Commons, Open Licenses, Extrinsic, Intrinsic, Monetary, Non-Monetary, Motivations, Institutional Analysis and Development Framework, Common Goods, Digital Goods, For-Profit, Non-Profit
    JEL: D20 L82
    Date: 2011
  4. By: Senik, Claudia
    Abstract: This article sheds light on the important differences in self-declared happiness across countries of equivalent affluence. It hinges on the different happiness statements of natives and immigrants in a set of European countries to disentangle the influence of objective circumstances versus psychological and cultural factors. The latter turns out to be of non- negligible importance in explaining international heterogeneity in happiness. In some countries, such as France, they are mainly responsible for the country’s unobserved idiosyncratic source of (un-)happiness.
    Keywords: Happiness; Subjective Well-Being; International Comparisons; France; Immigration; European Social Survey
    JEL: I31 H52 O15 O52 Z10
    Date: 2011–10
  5. By: Farré, Lídia (IAE Barcelona (CSIC)); Fasani, Francesco (IAE Barcelona (CSIC))
    Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of television on internal migration in Indonesia. We exploit the differential introduction of private television throughout the country and the variation in signal reception due to topography to estimate the causal effect of media exposure. Our estimates reveal important long and short run effects. An increase of one standard deviation in the number of private TV channels received in the area of residence reduces future inter-provincial migration by 1.7-2.7 percentage points, and all migration (inter and intra-provincial) by 4-7.4 percentage points. Short run effects are slightly smaller, but still sizeable and statistically significant. We also show that respondents less exposed to private TV are more likely to consider themselves among the poorest groups of the society. As we discuss in a stylized model of migration choice under imperfect information, these findings are consistent with Indonesia citizens over-estimating the net gains from internal migration.
    Keywords: information, migration decisions, television
    JEL: J61 L82 O15
    Date: 2011–10

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