nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2011‒01‒16
five papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University Amedeo Avogadro

  1. Cultural Policies in Europe.From a State to a City-Centered Perspective on Cultural Generativity By Pierre-Michel Menger
  2. Semi-collusion in media markets By Dewenter, Ralf; Haucap, Justus; Wenzel, Tobias
  3. Effects of Piracy and Digital Rights Management on the Online Music Market in Korea By Dongook Choi; Yeonbae Kim
  4. A note on the relationship of mainstream and art house movie theaters By Müller, Christopher; Böhme, Enrico

  1. By: Pierre-Michel Menger (Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales; Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
    Abstract: Cultural policy in Europe is deeply rooted in the Welfare State doctrine that has been prevailing during the last half century. Its implementation has gone along with the invention and rise of educational policy, social policy and health policy. This paper sketches its evolution as a four phase move towards what has been emerging as the central dual content of the current public cultural policy: preserving and promoting heritage, and bringing the creative industries at the core of the so-called knowledge society. The general evolutionary trend shows four distinct phases: 1) the creation of a systematic cultural supply policy based on a limited definition of culture suitable for public financing and based on a vertical concept of democratization by conversion; 2) the gradual decentralization of public action, which leads to an increasing disparity in its aims and functions, and which challenges the initial universalist, top-down egalitarian model; 3) a revision of the legitimate scope of public action, which declares symbolically obsolete the founding hierarchy of cultural politics, that which would oppose high culture, protected from market forces and entertainment culture and governed by the laws of the industrial economy; 4) an increasing tendency to justify cultural policy on the basis of its contribution to economic growth and to the balance of national social diversity, which legitimises the regulatory power of public action as well encouraging the expansion of the creative industries and the demands for the evaluation of procedures and results. The last section of this paper moves away from the state centered perspective and focuses on the city as the incubator of cultural generativity, in order to suggest how a city-centered approach to cultural development challenges the state-centered doctrine of cultural policy.
    Keywords: policy; culture; creativity; welfarism; global city; sociology; urban economics Note :The paper is based on the study when the auther was a research fellow of GRIPS(National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies).
    Date: 2010–12
  2. By: Dewenter, Ralf; Haucap, Justus; Wenzel, Tobias
    Abstract: This paper explores the effects that collusion can have in newspaper markets where firms compete for advertising as well as for readership. We compare three modes of competition: i) competition in the advertising and the reader market, ii) semi-collusion over advertising (with competition in the reader market), and iii) (full) collusion in both the advertising and the reader market. We find that semi-collusion leads to less advertising (but higher advertising prices) and lower copy prices which is beneficial for readers. Under certain circumstances, semi-collusion may even benefit advertisers as newspaper circulation is higher. In addition, total welfare may rise due to semi-collusion. Results under full collusion are ambiguous. However, even under full collusion newspaper copy prices may decrease and welfare may increase. --
    Keywords: Media Markets,Collusion,Two-Sided Markets
    JEL: L40 L82 D43 K21
    Date: 2010
  3. By: Dongook Choi (ESSEC Business School, France); Yeonbae Kim (Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), Seoul National University)
    Abstract: This study attempted to identify the relationship among user demand for online music, unauthorized file-sharing activities (piracy), and the effect of digital rights management (DRM) in Korea. Empirical analysis showed that piracy and DRM have negative effects on the demand for online music. In addition, DRM augmented piracy during the study period, resulting in a negative overall effect on demand.
    Keywords: Online music, digital music, digital rights management, file sharing, piracy.
    JEL: L82 L86
    Date: 2010–12
  4. By: Müller, Christopher; Böhme, Enrico
    Abstract: We use a set of German micro data to study the relationship between mainstream and art house movie theaters. We find that both types of cinema have a significant price effect within their own group, but there is no significant price effect between the two types. Furthermore, we provide an example for the biased results that occur, if both types of movie theaters are pooled into one regression. Doing so, we demonstrate that it is important, to carefully distinguish mainstream and art house facilities in empirical studies of the movie theater industry.
    Keywords: substitutability; complementarity; movie theater industry; Germany
    JEL: L82 Z19
    Date: 2011
  5. By: Dragos VESPAN (Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania)
    Abstract: This paper describes the concepts used to capture and organize web services, as simple processes or combination of processes, by using ontologies. The meta-model of process ontology and the process model specialization are described and applied on services provided by AES library.
    Keywords: process ontology, library activities, web services, Semantic Web, OWL
    JEL: O31
    Date: 2010–08

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