nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2010‒12‒18
nine papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University Amedeo Avogadro

  1. Searching for the determinants of world heritage listing: an econometric analysis By Bertacchini Enrico; Saccone Donatella
  2. Gender and Highbrow Cultural Participation in the United States By Angèle Christin
  3. A theory of Fads, Fashion, Custom and cultural change as informational Cascades By Sushil Bikhchandani; David Hirshleifer; Ivo Welch
  4. Rock and Roll Bands, (In) complete Contracts and Creativity By Cédric Ceulemans; Victor Ginsburgh; Patrick Legros
  5. Antarctic tourism: Environmental concerns and the importance of Antarctica's natural attractions for tourists By Tisdell, Clem
  6. Success: Talent, Intelligence or Beauty? By Olivier Gergaud; Victor Ginsburgh
  7. Specific features of Islamic accounting and cultural paradigm By Dima (Cristea), Stefana Maria; David, Delia; Păiuşan, Luminiţa
  8. Cross-National and Cross-Ethnic Differences in Political and Leisure Attitudes. A Case of Luxemburg By KANKARASH Milosh; MOORS Guy
  9. The creation of internet communities: A brief history of on-line distribution of working papers through NEP, 1998-2010 By Batiz-Lazo, Bernardo; Krichel, Thomas

  1. By: Bertacchini Enrico; Saccone Donatella (University of Turin)
    Abstract: The present paper provides empirical evidence of the main determinants affecting WorldHeritage listing across countries and time. While World Heritage represents the most relevant tangible cultural asset for the humankind, little research has been conducted to understand the conditions influencing the process of sites inscription. Using panel data, we provide a preliminary investigation about the relationship between world heritage sites per country and economic, social and institutional variables. In addition, we test whether additional political factors, such as the country involvement in the World Heritage Committee, influence inscription of national heritage sites in the list. The paper contributes to the cultural economics literature by addressing new insights on the determinants affecting the valorization of cultural heritage
    Date: 2010–11
  2. By: Angèle Christin (Princeton University)
    Abstract: The literature on cultural choice largely focuses on the influence of socioeconomic background upon aesthetic tastes and cultural consumption. However, empirical analyses consistently report that gender is an essential determinant of highbrow cultural participation. In particular, women are considerably and significantly more likely than men to participate in high-status cultural activities. Using recent data on the United States (Survey of Public Participation in the Arts 2008), this research integrates several explanations of the gender gap in highbrow cultural participation. A negative binomial model explores the effect of 1) early socialization in the arts and family background 2) education 3) differential involvement by gender in the labor force; and 4) the influence of marriage, on women’s and men’s cultural participation. A disaggregated analysis by age groups indicates that early socialization in the arts completely accounts for women’s higher cultural consumption in younger age groups and that education increases men’s participation in the arts more than women’s for oldest respondents. These findings do not support the idea that the gendered division of labor on highbrow culture has disappeared for younger respondents, but delineate instead how gendered patterns of participation in the arts are mediated by broad transformations in the educational regime in the United States.
    Keywords: Survey of Public Participation in the Arts, gender, cultural choice, participation in high-status cultural activities, women, men
    JEL: D01 J16 L82 Z11
    Date: 2010–11
  3. By: Sushil Bikhchandani; David Hirshleifer; Ivo Welch
    Date: 2010–12–10
  4. By: Cédric Ceulemans; Victor Ginsburgh; Patrick Legros
    Abstract: Members of a rock and roll band are endowed with different creativity. They match and eventually obtain credit for song writing as well as a share of the returns from sales. More creative members increase the probability of success but may also claim a larger share of the pie. In our theoretical model, the nature of matching (postive or negative assortative) as well as the covariation between the probability of having a “hit” and the dispersion of credits given to individual members are a function of the completeness of contracting. When members adopt a “gentleman’s agreement” to share credits equally, the covariation between the probability of a hit and the dispersion of credits is negative, which is the consequence of positive assortative matching in creativity. The data show that the relation between dispersion and success is significantly negative, and that rock bands are thus likely to sign incomplete contracts.
    Date: 2010–12
  5. By: Tisdell, Clem
    Abstract: This article provides general background on the development of tourism in Antarctica and environmental concerns raised by it. However, the major part of it reports on and interprets the results from a survey of tourists visiting Antarctica on a cruise ship. Particular attention is given to the socioeconomic profiles of these tourists, their stated level of knowledge of Antarctica before and after their visit, the relative importance to these visitors of seeing different species of Antarctic wildlife and whether or not the opportunity of seeing Antarctic wildlife was of critical importance for their decision to visit Antarctica. The relative valuation by the sampled tourist of features of their Antarctic cruise is explored along with changes in their attitude to nature conservation following their visit to Antarctica. The opinions of respondents about environmental issues involving Antarctica are summarised and their attitudes towards increased tourism in Antarctica are outlined. The article concludes with a discussion of environmental policy issues raised by the development of tourism in Antarctica.
    Keywords: Antarctica, Antarcticaâs natural attractions, cruise ships in Antarctica, environmental conservation in Antarctica, tourism in Antarctica, wildlife conservation in Antarctica., Consumer/Household Economics, Environmental Economics and Policy, L83, Q26, Q57,
    Date: 2010–10
  6. By: Olivier Gergaud; Victor Ginsburgh
    Abstract: We analyze the Celebrity 100 annual list of the world's most “powerful celebrities” compiled and published by Forbes Magazine. The lists provide an interesting collection of people, that includes their earnings, and the perception of citizens concerning the attributes that made them become celebrities.We analyze the relationship between their earnings and the perceptions on their intelligence, talent, beauty and other attributes, and show that though beauty plays a role, intelligence and talent are more important.
    Keywords: Earnings, Economic success, Talent
    Date: 2010–12
  7. By: Dima (Cristea), Stefana Maria; David, Delia; Păiuşan, Luminiţa
    Abstract: The objective of this paper is to provide a synopsis of Islamic accounting characteristics as well as to identify some of the determinants which led to its specificity. It explores several aspects related to the Islamic accounting principles and its institutional framework. The cultural paradigm is viewed as a differentiating key factor in the elaboration and implementation of the accounting standards in the Islamic Word. Based on Hofstede approach, the elements of this paradigm are linked to the relative preference for IFRS adoption of different Islamic countries. From the proposed analysis, it emerges the image of Islamic Accounting’s complex nature, which may be seen as a distinct alternative to the principles and views promoted by IFRS.
    Keywords: Islam; accounting; IFRSs; culture; banking; AAOIFI
    JEL: M41
    Date: 2010–06–16
  8. By: KANKARASH Milosh; MOORS Guy
    Keywords: cross-cultural research; measurement equivalence; attitudes; latent class factor analysis; European Value Study
    Date: 2010–12
  9. By: Batiz-Lazo, Bernardo; Krichel, Thomas
    Abstract: This paper adds to the growing literature on the formation of online communities from an historical perspective by telling of the emergence and development of a service for speedy, online distribution of recent additions to the broad literatures on economics and related areas called NEP: New Economics Papers as well as the online community that grew around it. We provide details of the social and technological challenges for its construction as well as the evolution of its governance. The development of NEP provides an illustrative example for the kind of new business models that have emerged as the Internet has been used by creative minds to provide existing services in a new way.
    Keywords: digital libraries; online communities; open source; New Economic Papers (NEP); RePEc
    JEL: N8 A31 L63
    Date: 2010–11

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