nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2010‒10‒23
seven papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University Amedeo Avogadro

  1. World Heritage Listing of Australian Natural Sites: Effects on Tourism, Economic Value and Conservation By Tisdell, Clem
  3. Persistent anti-market culture: A legacy of the Pale of Settlement and of the Holocaust By Irena Grosfeld; Alexander Rodnyansky; Ekaterina Zhuravskaya
  4. Beyond the craft ghetto: Harnessing creative industries to support development By Michael Todd
  5. The Press and the Public Sphere: Magazine Entrepreneurs in Antebellum America By Haveman, Heather A.; Habinek, Jacob; Goodman, Leo A.
  6. Creativity in work settings and inclusive governance: Survey based findings from Italy By Silvia Sacchetti; Roger Sugden; Ermanno Tortia
  7. Germany’s PSB going online – is there an economic justification for Public Service Media online? By Nadine Lindstädt

  1. By: Tisdell, Clem
    Abstract: This article is primarily concerned with the economic consequences of World Heritage listing for the valuation of natural properties and the economic impacts of this listing. Australian data is used to throw light on this subject. Conceptual problems that arise in valuation are explored and several neglected limitations of the travel cost method for estimating the demand for visits to natural sites are mentioned. The importance of economic impact analysis in this context (especially its political ramifications) is given attention. The use of World Heritage listing for political purposes is discussed. It is argued that World Heritage listing favours the long-term conservation of natural properties.
    Keywords: Conservation of natural areas, economic impact analysis, economic valuation, tourism, travel cost method, World Heritage listing., Environmental Economics and Policy, L83, Q26, Q57,
    Date: 2010–10
  2. By: Amélie Boutinot (GAEL - Economie Appliquée de Grenoble - INRA : UR1215 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II, MC - Management et Comportement - Grenoble Ecole de Management); Vincent Mangematin (MTS - Management Technologique et Strategique - Grenoble Ecole de Management); Iragaël Joly (GAEL - Economie Appliquée de Grenoble - INRA : UR1215 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II)
    Abstract: This paper suggests understanding better the debate between reputation and celebrity, by analyzing how various types of reputations can combine (or not) to achieve celebrity. Based on a quantitative analysis of the most reputed French architects, we contribute to the reputation and celebrity literatures.
    Keywords: Reputation; Celebrity; Stakeholders; Creative sector; Architecture
    Date: 2010
  3. By: Irena Grosfeld (Paris School of Economics and CNRS); Alexander Rodnyansky (CEFIR); Ekaterina Zhuravskaya (Paris School of Economics (EHESS) and New Economic School)
    Abstract: We investigate the long-term effects of the important presence of Jews in Eastern Europe before the Second World War and their disappearance during the Holocaust. The Pale of Settlement, the area which Jewish residents were confined to in the Russian empire is used as a source of exogenous variation in the size of Jewish population before the Second World War. Based on election and survey data, we find that current residents of the Pale (if compared to their counterparts outside the Pale) vote more for socialist anti-market parties, have lower support for market and democracy, are less engaged in entrepreneurship, but exhibit higher levels of trust. At the same time, the Pale has no lasting effects on average consumption, income, and education levels. We show that the effect of the Pale is related to the former presence of Jews rather than the inflow of new migrant population into the formerly-Jewish areas. We suggest two mechanisms behind the effect: the development of persistent anti-market culture and bonding trust among non-Jewish population rooted in ethnic hatred, and the disappearance of the middle class. Regression discontinuity at the Pale border helps identification.
    Date: 2010–10
  4. By: Michael Todd
    Abstract: Creative industries and the creative economy are relatively new fields in terms of study and analysis. Understanding of their relationship to international development is even more embryonic. Using a crossdisciplinary approach, this paper attempts to summarise some of the key areas of thought, highlighting why this is an important area for additional research. It focuses on specific initiatives where public policy might pro-actively support and influence the growth of a successful creative sector. The paper explores the importance of the digital revolution in enabling creative industries in developing countries to access global markets. It argues that the creative industries have the capacity to be a transformative influence through generating cultural confidence, which can impact on social and economic development.
    Date: 2010
  5. By: Haveman, Heather A.; Habinek, Jacob; Goodman, Leo A.
    Abstract: How has access to the public sphere been affected by the rise of mass media? We address this question by studying magazines in America from the eighteenth century, when all periodicals had small circulations, to the mid-nineteenth century, when many reached mass audiences. Specifically, we investigate how the social positions of those who founded new magazines changed over this period. Previous research is divided on whether the rise of mass media made it more difficult for non-elites and industry outsiders to launch new magazines by creating large and powerful publishing houses, or made it easier by fostering acceptance of magazines as legitimate cultural products and improving access to resources needed for publishing. Using Goodman’s (1972) modification of multiple regression for the analysis of categorical data, we examine whether magazine founders were increasingly drawn from social elite and from inside publishing, or from an increasingly broad swath of society. We find that magazine publishing was originally restricted to industry insiders, elite professionals, and the highly educated, but after the rise of mass media, most founders came from outside publishing and more were of middling stature – mostly small-town doctors and clergy without college degrees. We also find that magazines founded by industry insiders remained concentrated in the major publishing centers, while magazines founded by outsiders became geographically dispersed.
    Date: 2010–08–04
  6. By: Silvia Sacchetti; Roger Sugden; Ermanno Tortia
    Abstract: We define the use of creativity as a property of decision-making processes, and hypothesize that access to decision-making, by allowing individuals to use their creativity, can increase individual satisfaction. Consequently levels of satisfaction can tell us, amongst other things, about how much the work environment supports the use of individual creativity. To test our hypothesis, we use survey data encompassing 4,134 salaried workers in 320 Italian social enterprises (specifically, cooperatives with social aims). Whilst popular wisdom uses to put creativity exclusively in the realm of innate, idiosyncratic features of the individual (NACCCE 1999) or as the outcome of serendipity, our results deliver a different picture. We implement latent regression analysis with factor-wise score regression. Factor-wise scoring is used to accomplish logit, OLS, and instrumental variable analysis. Results support the view that the use of creativity associated with diverse organizational processes generates different levels of satisfaction. In particular, elements defining the degree of involvement, the quality of relationships with managers and fairness of procedures emerge as preconditions for individuals to be satisfied with the use of creativity in strategic decisional contexts and to fulfill their personal job aspirations. Teamwork boosts instead the practical use of creativity in work-settings. Instrumental variable analysis does not contradict the existence of a causal relation between organizational processes and creativity.
    Keywords: creativity, inclusive governance, motivations, satisfaction, social enterprises, work organization
    JEL: J24 J28 J54
    Date: 2010
  7. By: Nadine Lindstädt (Department of Environmental and Business Economics, University of Southern Denmark)
    Abstract: Public Service Media (PSM) online is a highly up to date topic. There is no clear consensus among researchers if Public Service Media should have a le-gitimization online and if so to which extent. Some authors still demand for an extensive role of public service provision in the digital era whereas others either argue against PSM on the internet at all or assign them a restrictive and complementing function at the most. The question has furthermore concerned the European Commission as well as several Member States for many years now. Public service broadcasters have been accused of distorting competition online – an area that up to then seemed to have worked being left to the market. Though the extension of public service providers towards the internet is legitimized by the European Commission it seems appropriate to analyze if there is a true economic justification for having Public Service Media online and if so to which extent. This article contributes to enter into that question against the background that the traditional public service broadcasting system (i.e. television and radio) is taken as given and unchangeable for the analysis. The paper thereby waives to repeat the fundamental discussion of pros and cons of public service provision and, instead, concentrates specifically on elaborating possible cross-media effects.
    Keywords: media economics, two-sided markets, competition, public service broadcasting, public service media
    JEL: L82 A20 L13 M21
    Date: 2010–09

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