nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2010‒09‒25
two papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University Amedeo Avogadro

  1. Technological innovation in creative clusters. The case of laser in conservation of artworks in Florence By Luciana Lazzeretti; Francesco Capone; Tommaso Cinti
  2. Governance of Public Broadcasters and Television Consumption By Christine Benesch

  1. By: Luciana Lazzeretti (Department of Business Economics, University of Florence); Francesco Capone (Department of Business Economics, University of Florence); Tommaso Cinti (Department of Social and Business Studies, University of Siena)
    Abstract: The field of laser application to the restoration and cleaning of cultural assets is amongst the most thriving developments of recent times. Ablative laser technological systems are able to clean and protect inestimable works of art subject to atmospheric agents and degradation over time. This new technology, which has been developing for the last forty year, is now available to restorers and has received a significant success all over Europe. An important contribution in the process of laser innovation has been carried out in Florence by local actors belonging to a creative cluster. The objects of the analysis are the genesis of this innovation in this local Florentine context, and the relationships among the main actors who have contributed in it. The study investigates how culture can play a part in the generation of ideas and innovations, and which are the creative environments that can favour it. In this context, the issue of laser technologies for the restoration of cultural heritage has been analysed as a case study in the various paths taken by the Creative Capacity of the Culture (CCC).
    Keywords: innovation, creative cluster, art restoration
    JEL: O31 R11 L14
    Date: 2010–04
  2. By: Christine Benesch
    Abstract: Recent literature emphasizes the importance of independent media for beneficial political, economic and social outcomes. I investigate how media consumers react to state ownership of TV stations and the regulation and financing of these public broadcasters. The empirical results show that a higher share of state-owned TV stations is associated with lower TV consumption, both in total and with regard to news and information only. The negative effects of state ownership are larger when the public stations are regulated by a Ministry as opposed to a more independent regulatory body. When public broadcasters are subject to selfregulation only, there is even a positive association between the share of state ownership and TV consumption. The negative effects of state ownership and total TV consumption Ð but not news and information consumption Ð are also smaller when the share of commercial income of public broadcasters is higher. The results are consistent with the view that political influence leads mainly to less attractive news information broadcasting whereas public funding leads to a less attractive entertainment spectrum but not to less attractive news.
    Keywords: Media consumption; television; public service broadcasters; regulation; state ownership
    JEL: L82 H41 L51 D83
    Date: 2010–09

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