nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2010‒08‒21
two papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University Amedeo Avogadro

  1. Migration and Culture By Gil S. Epstein; Ira N. Gang
  2. Yaraticilik ve Izmir Üzerine By Nese Kumral

  1. By: Gil S. Epstein (Department of Economics, Bar Ilan University, IZA and CReAM); Ira N. Gang (Department of Economics, Rutgers University, IZA and CReAM)
    Abstract: Culture is not new to the study of migration. It has lurked beneath the surface for some time, occasionally protruding openly into the discussion, usually under some pseudonym. The authors bring culture into the open. They are concerned with how culture manifests itself in the migration process for three groups of actors: the migrants, those remaining in the sending areas, and people already living in the recipient locations. The topics vary widely. What unites the authors is an understanding that though actors behave differently, within a group there are economically important shared beliefs (customs, values, attitudes, etc.), which we commonly refer to as culture. Culture and identify play a central role in our understanding of migration as an economic phenomenon; but what about them matters? Properly, we should be looking at the determinants of identity and the determinants of culture (prices and incomes, broadly defined). But this is not what is done. Usually identity and culture appear in economics articles as a black box. Here we try to begin to break open the black box.
    Date: 2010–08
  2. By: Nese Kumral (Department of Economics, Ege University)
    Abstract: (This paper is in Turkish)According to Richard Florida, who has popularised the concept of creativity in the economics literature, the main three factors that determine regional economic growth are technology, talent, and tolerance (also known as 3T). It is vital for the economic growth of a region that it promotes tolerance via embracing new ideas and cultural diversity, giving emphasis on creativity, and producing value out of differences. In addition, being able to provide a high quality of life to a creative class that can be employed in areas where they can realise their creative potential and talent is crucial. Finally, the presence and density of creative capital is a necessity; which can boost the growth and innovative capacity of the region, create new areas of employment and stimulate production based on high technology. Studies on creativity have increased in countries that seek to receive a bigger share in the global markets and augment their competitiveness and prosperity. These works focus on certain factors that bring about creativity, and they seek to assess creative capacity at the national, regional and municipal levels to suggest policies for their enhancement. Although these studies still require further elaboration, their emphasis on the concept of tolerance and its influence on human creativity enrich the literature on competitiveness and growth. Tolerance or high quality of life do not emerge spontaneously in a region, but can only flourish through the democratic principles of transparency, accountability, participation, representation, constitutionality, and the protection of liberties. Moreover, the capability of a government to scientifically develop and sustain the implementation of long-term policies to create economic value out of regional potentials is of utmost significance. In conclusion, perhaps what is more important than economic success or competitiveness is that the intrinsically human faculty of creativity, which has played a key role in the continuation of human existence, can be helped to flourish to carry on to the following generations through better modes of governance and societies with higher level of tolerance. This is why, as Jean Pierre Changeux puts it: “with the assets of universal scientific knowledge, human beings should make a commitment to use the creative faculties they possess in their brains to give meaning to that which calls out for it the most: humanity itself. It is our responbility to urgently invent an ethical model which breaks the violence, the intolerance, the crimes of our cultural past, and ensures more efficiently survival and well-being for all human lives” (Chanqeux, 2005).
    Keywords: Creativity, Egean region.
    Date: 2010–05

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