nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2010‒06‒11
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University of the Piemonte Orientale

  1. Diversity and Endangerment of Languages in Nepal By Sueyoshi Toba; Ingrid Toba; Novel Kishor Rai
  2. International Trade, Factor Mobility and the Persistence of Cultural-Institutional Diversity By Marianna Belloc; Samuel Bowless
  3. Change and development in the Spanish wine industry, 1950-2009 By José Miguel Martínez-Carrión; Francisco José Medina-Albaladejo

  1. By: Sueyoshi Toba; Ingrid Toba; Novel Kishor Rai
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to disseminate among a wider public insights gained from the UNESCO Language Survey Report (2002) for Nepal. The emphasis is put on the linguistic diversity of Nepal on the one hand, and on the reasons for and the status of endangerment for some languages of Nepal on the other hand.
    Keywords: purpose, wider public insights, Language Survey, linguistic diversity, endangerment, status, UNESCO
    Date: 2010
  2. By: Marianna Belloc; Samuel Bowless
    Abstract: Cultural and institutional differences among nations may result in differences in the ratios of marginal costs of goods in autarchy and thus be the basis of specialization and comparative advantage, as long as these differences are not eliminated by trade. We provide an evolutionary model of endogenous preferences and institutions under autarchy, trade and factor mobility in which multiple asymptotically stable cultural-institutional conventions may exist, among which transitions may occur as a result of decentralized and un-coordinated actions of employers or employees. We show that: i) specialization and trade may arise and enhance welfare even when the countries are identical other than their cultural-institutional equilibria; ii) trade liberalization does not lead to convergence, it reinforces the cultural-institutional differences upon which comparative advantage is based and may thus impede even Pareto-improving cultural-institutional transitions; and iii) by contrast, greater mobility of factors of production favors decentralized transitions to a superior cultural-institutional convention by reducing the minimum number of innovators necessary to induce a transition.
    Keywords: institutions, incomplete contracts, culture, trade integration, factor mobility,
    JEL: D02 F15 F16
    Date: 2009–09
  3. By: José Miguel Martínez-Carrión (Applied Economics Department, Faculty of Economics and Business (Universidad de Murcia). Campus Espinardo, 30100, Espinardo (Murcia, Spain)); Francisco José Medina-Albaladejo (Applied Economics Department, Faculty of Economics and Business (Universidad de Murcia). Campus Espinardo, 30100, Espinardo (Murcia, Spain))
    Abstract: In recent years the European winegrowing regions have been carrying out deep changes in response to increasing international competition, outstanding the case of Spain. This study analyses the main sequences of changes the Spanish wine industry has undergone: the evolution of consumption; the role of exports; the spread of marketing and business organization; the factors that have been involved in the modernization of the wineries. An initial valuation leads us to conclude that it has been an authentic wine revolution in reference to the transformations that have occurred in a period of farming changes and technological modernization for the businesses
    Keywords: Wine industry revolution, technological modernization, enological change, Spain, twentieth century.
    JEL: N54 O33 Q13 L66
    Date: 2010–06

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