nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2009‒12‒05
two papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University of the Piemonte Orientale

  1. Museum and monument attendance and tourism flow: A time series analysis approach. By Cellini, Roberto; Cuccia, Tiziana
  2. The Effect of Newspaper Entry and Exit on Electoral Politics By Matthew Gentzkow; Jesse M. Shapiro; Michael Sinkinson

  1. By: Cellini, Roberto; Cuccia, Tiziana
    Abstract: This paper takes a time series analysis approach to evaluate the directions of causality between tourism flows, on the one side, and museum and monument attendance, on the other. We consider Italy as a case study, and analyze monthly data over the period January 1996 to December 2007. All considered series are seasonally integrated, and co-integration links emerge. We focus on the error correction mechanism among co-integrated time series to detect the directional link(s) of causality. Clear-cut results emerge: generally, the causality runs from tourist flows to museum and monument attendance. The non-stationary nature of time series, their co-integration relationships, and the direction of causal links suggest specific implication for tourism and cultural policies.
    Keywords: Tourism; Museum; Seasonal unit root; Co-integration; Causality.
    JEL: C32 Z10 C22
    Date: 2009–11
  2. By: Matthew Gentzkow; Jesse M. Shapiro; Michael Sinkinson
    Abstract: We use new data on entries and exits of US daily newspapers from 1869 to 2004 to estimate effects on political participation, party vote shares, and electoral competitiveness. Our identification strategy exploits the precise timing of these events and allows for the possibility of confounding trends. We find that newspapers have a robust positive effect on political participation, with one additional newspaper increasing both presidential and congressional turnout by approximately 0.3 percentage points. Newspaper competition is not a key driver of turnout: our effect is driven mainly by the first newspaper in a market, and the effect of a second or third paper is significantly smaller. The effect on presidential turnout diminishes after the introduction of radio and television, while the estimated effect on congressional turnout remains similar up to recent years. We find no evidence that partisan newspapers affect party vote shares, with confidence intervals that rule out even moderate-sized effects. We find no clear evidence that newspapers systematically help or hurt incumbents.
    JEL: D72 L82 N81
    Date: 2009–11

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