nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2009‒10‒10
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University of the Piemonte Orientale

  1. Tourism Specialization and Economic Development : Evidence from the UNESCO World Heritage List By Rabah Arezki; Reda Cherif; John Piotrowski
  2. Son Preference and the Persistence of Culture: Evidence from Asian Immigrants to Canada By Douglas Almond; Lena Edlund; Kevin Milligan
  3. Government Advertising and Media Coverage of Corruption Scandals By Rafael Di Tella; Ignacio Franceschelli

  1. By: Rabah Arezki; Reda Cherif; John Piotrowski
    Abstract: The present paper investigates whether tourism specialization is a viable strategy for development. We estimate standard growth equations augmented with a variable measuring tourism specialization using instrumental variables techniques for a large cross-section of countries for the period 1980-2002. We introduce an instrument for tourism based on the UNESCO World Heritage List. We find that there is a positive relationship between the extent of tourism specialization and economic growth. An increase of one standard deviation in the share of tourism in exports leads to about 0.5 percentage point in additional annual growth, everything else being constant. Our result holds against a large array of robustness checks.
    Keywords: Cross country analysis , Development , Economic growth , Economic models , Time series , Tourism ,
    Date: 2009–08–13
  2. By: Douglas Almond; Lena Edlund; Kevin Milligan
    Abstract: Sex ratios at birth are above the biologically normal level in a number of Asian countries, notably India and China. Standard explanations include poverty and a cultural emphasis on male offspring. We study Asian immigrants to Canada using Census data, focussing on sex ratios across generations and religious groups. We find sex ratios to be normal at first parity, but rising with parity if there were no previous son. Since these immigrants are neither poor nor live in a society tolerant of sex discrimination/sex selection, our findings are more consistent with a preference for sons per se (and not for sons as a means to, e.g., old age support). Additionally, we uncover strong differences by religious affiliation that align with historical differences in doctrine concerning infanticide. Comparing across generations of Asian immigrants, we find fertility responds strongly to the sex composition of older children for first generation families. For the second generation, expression of son preference through the fertility channel is muted whereas sex selection seems to persist.
    JEL: F22 J13 J61 Z12
    Date: 2009–10
  3. By: Rafael Di Tella; Ignacio Franceschelli
    Abstract: We construct measures of the extent to which the 4 main newspapers in Argentina report government corruption in their front page during the period 1998-2007 and correlate them with the extent to which each newspaper is a recipient of government advertising. The correlation is negative. The size is considerable: a one standard deviation increase in monthly government advertising (0.26 million pesos of 2000) is associated with a reduction in the coverage of the government’s corruption scandals by almost half of a front page per month, or 37% of a standard deviation in our measure of coverage. The results control for newspaper, month and individual corruption scandal fixed effects.
    JEL: K42 L82
    Date: 2009–10

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