nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2009‒02‒14
six papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University of the Piemonte Orientale

  1. Youth A Multicriteria Approach for the Evaluation of the Sustainability of Re-use of Historic Buildings in Venice By Silvio Giove; Paolo Rosato; Margaretha Breil
  2. Youth Redeveloping Derelict and Underused Historical City Areas: Evidence from a Survey of Real Estate Developers By Paolo Rosato; Anna Alberini; Valentina Zanatta; Margaretha Breil
  3. Television and Divorce: Evidence from Brazilian Novelas By Alberto Chong; Eliana La Ferrara
  4. Mass Media and Public Policy:Global Evidence from Agricultural Policies By Alessandro Olper; Johan F.M. Swinnen
  5. Building The Business Case For Diversity In Offshoring By Carine Peeters; Patricia Garcia-Prieto; Sébastien Point
  6. On Fragile Grounds: A replication of "Are Muslim immigrants different in terms of cultural integration?" By Arai, Mahmood; Karlsson, Jonas; Lundholm, Michael

  1. By: Silvio Giove (Ca’ Foscari University of Venice); Paolo Rosato (University of Trieste); Margaretha Breil (Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, FEEM)
    Abstract: The paper presents a multiple criteria model for the evaluation of the sustainability of projects for the economic re-use of historical buildings in Venice. The model utilises the relevant parameters for the appraisal of sustainability, aggregated into three macroindicators: intrinsic sustainability, context sustainability and economic-financial feasibility. The model has been calibrated by a panel of experts and tested on two reuse hypothesis of the Old Arsenal in Venice.
    Keywords: multiple criteria valuation, economic reuse, historical building conservation
    JEL: Z1 R52
    Date: 2009
  2. By: Paolo Rosato (University of Trieste); Anna Alberini (University of Maryland); Valentina Zanatta (Ca’ Foscari University of Venice); Margaretha Breil (Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, FEEM)
    Abstract: Infill redevelopment—the transformation of previously used urban sites—is generally regarded as an important way to attain environmental and urban sustainability goals. At many locales, however, such urban renewal, community development, and tax revenue goals must be reconciled with historic preservation objectives. Are economic incentives and regulatory relief useful tools for encouraging reuse of abandoned or underutilized urban sites with historic buildings? Answering this question is of key importance for many European cities and for older US cities, and has important implications in terms of urban sustainability and “smart growth” initiatives. We use conjoint choice experiments to explore the relative importance of economic incentives, regulatory relief, land use and property regime offerings at underutilized historical sites in Venice, Italy. We survey real estate developers and investors, and ask them to choose between pairs of hypothetical projects in three Venice locations, as well as between one of these projects and the alternative to do a development project elsewhere. Statistical models of the responses to these choice questions indicate that respondents are sensitive to the price of acquiring the land (and hence to any policies that influence prices), and especially sensitive to the property regime that would be granted to developers and investors and to the allowable land use. Contrary to expectations, our respondents were insensitive to tightening or relaxing the stringency of building conservation restrictions. Our findings sound a common theme with Howland (2004), who warns that redevelopment of previously used sites in Baltimore is impaired by obsolete land uses, zoning and infrastructure (but not by suspected or actual contamination). We conclude that the City should focus on offering land uses and property regimes that are more in tune with developer demand.
    Keywords: conjoint choice experiments, real estate developers, building conservation restrictions, redevelopment incentives, brownfields, infill redevelopment
    JEL: Z1 R52
    Date: 2009
  3. By: Alberto Chong; Eliana La Ferrara
    Abstract: This paper studies the link between television and divorce in Brazil by exploiting variation in the timing of availability of the signal of Rede Globo—the network that had a virtual monopoly on telenovelas in the country—across municipal areas. Using three rounds of Census data (1970, 1980 and 1991) and controlling for area fixed effects and for time-varying characteristics, the paper finds that the share of women who are separated or divorced increases significantly after the Globo signal becomes available. The effect is robust to controlling for potential determinants of Globo’s entry strategy and is stronger for relatively smaller areas, where the signal reaches a higher fraction of the population.
    Keywords: Divorce, Television, Brazil, Soap Operas, Media, Women, Empowerment
    JEL: O1 J12 N36
    Date: 2009–01
  4. By: Alessandro Olper; Johan F.M. Swinnen
    Abstract: Mass media plays a crucial role in information distribution and thus in the political market and public policy making. Theory predicts that information provided by mass media reflects the media’s incentives to provide news to different types of groups in society, and affects these groups’ influence in policy-making. We use data on agricultural policy from 60 countries, spanning a wide range of development stages and media markets, to test these predictions. We find that, in line with theoretical predictions, public support to agriculture is strongly affected by the structure of the mass media. In particular, a greater role of the private mass media in society is associated with policies which benefit the majority more: it reduces taxation of agriculture in poor countries and reduces subsidization of agriculture in rich countries, ceteris paribus. The evidence is also consistent with the hypothesis that increased competition in commercial media reduces transfers to special interest groups and contributes to more efficient public policies.
    Keywords: Mass Media; Media Structure; Information; Agricultural Protection; Political Economy
    JEL: D72 D83 Q18
    Date: 2009
  5. By: Carine Peeters (Centre Emile Bernheim, Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels and ECARES, Université Libre de Bruxelles.); Patricia Garcia-Prieto (Centre Emile Bernheim, Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels.); Sébastien Point (Université de Franche-Comté, EM Strasbourg Business School.)
    Abstract: Offshoring inevitably leads to increased cultural diversity in work relations. Most companies perceive this increased diversity as a risk, a problem that needs to be minimized or remedied for offshoring to succeed. Building on the business case for diversity management literature we propose an alternative positive view of cultural diversity in the context of offshore relationships. We suggest that the increased cultural diversity that offshoring brings can actually be an opportunity companies should recognize and leverage in order to foster business performance. We specifically argue that under certain conditions related to the organizational context, type of project, teams, and tasks offshored, offshore projects driven by innovation might actually hold a unique competitive advantage through the utilization of their team cultural diversity.
    Date: 2009–02
  6. By: Arai, Mahmood (Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS); Karlsson, Jonas (Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS); Lundholm, Michael (Department of Economics, Stockholm University)
    Abstract: This study is a replication of "Are Muslim Immigrants Different in terms of Cultural Integration?" by Alberto Bisin, Eleonora Patacchini, Thierry Verdier and Yves Zenou, published in Journal of European Economic Association, 6, 445-456, 2008. Bisin et al. (2008) report that they have 5963 observations in their study. Using their empirical setup, we can only identify 1901 relevant observations in the original data. After removing missing values we are left with 818 observations. We cannot replicate any of their results and our estimations yield no support for their claims.
    Keywords: religious identity; assimilation; Muslims; replication study; Reproducible research
    JEL: A14 J15
    Date: 2009–01–30

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