nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2008‒12‒07
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University of the Piemonte Orientale

  1. California and the creation of a modern wine industry: 1860-1919 By James Simpson
  2. What drives innovative output in emerging clusters? Evidence from the wine industry By Elisa Giuliani
  3. Why Do Researchers Collaborate with Industry? An analysis of the wine sector in Chile, South Africa and Italy By Elisa Giuliani; Andrea Morrison; Carlo Pietrobelli; Roberta Rabellotti

  1. By: James Simpson
    Abstract: The very different factor endowments of the New World to those found in Europe implied that the wine industry developed its own style and characteristics. In California production was located at a considerable distance from the main markets on the East Coast, and trade was initially controlled by the East Coast merchants, who imported wines from Europe and purchased California wine in bulk, selling it under their own brands. The problems of marketing and the fight against fraud and adulteration, produced a struggle between the wine-makers and San Francisco’s merchants for the control of the industry, and the creation of the world’s largest, vertically integrated wine company, the California Wine Association.
    Keywords: Wine history, Agricultural commodity chains, Farm organization, California agriculture
    JEL: L14 N51 Q13
    Date: 2008–11
  2. By: Elisa Giuliani (DEA Facoltà di Economia, University of Pisa & SPRU, University of Sussex)
    Keywords: Industrial clusters, innovative output, firm knowledge base, network closure, structural holes, external openness, wine
    JEL: M0 O32 O33 Z13
    Date: 2008–07–17
  3. By: Elisa Giuliani (Dipartimento di Economia Aziendale, Pisa University - Italy and SPRU, University of Sussex); Andrea Morrison (Department of Economic Geography, Utrecht University and CESPRI Bocconi University, Milan - Italy); Carlo Pietrobelli (CREI, Università Roma Tre, Roma - Italy); Roberta Rabellotti (Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Metodi Quantitativi, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara - Italy)
    Abstract: This paper explores the determinants of the linkages between industry and research organizations – including universities. We present new evidence on three wine producing areas – Piedmont, a region of Italy, Chile, South Africa - that have successfully reacted to the recent structural changes experienced in the industry worldwide. Based on an original dataset, we carry out an econometric exercise to study the microeconomic determinants of researchers’ collaborations with industry. The evidence reveals that individual researcher characteristics, such as embeddedness in the academic system, age and sex, matter more than their publishing record or formal degrees
    Keywords: University-Industry Linkages, Innovation System, Wine Sector, Emerging Economies
    JEL: O30 O38 O13
    Date: 2008–05

This nep-cul issue is ©2008 by Roberto Zanola. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.