nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2008‒07‒14
two papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University of the Piemonte Orientale

  1. Appropriation and Intellectual Property By Michele Boldrin; David K Levine
  2. The influence of cultural identity on the WTP to protect natural resources: some empirical evidence. By David Hoyos Ramos; Petr Mariel Chladkova; Javier Fernández Macho

  1. By: Michele Boldrin; David K Levine
    Date: 2008–07–06
  2. By: David Hoyos Ramos (Unidad de Economía Ambiental, Instituto de Economía Pública); Petr Mariel Chladkova (Departamento de Economía Aplicada III); Javier Fernández Macho (Departamento de Economía Aplicada III)
    Abstract: This paper shows that cultural identity may have considerable influence on the WTP to protect natural resources. The Basque Country, the region with the highest ethnic homogeneity in Europe, serves as an example to illustrate how important this issue can be in the environmental valuation of natural resources. The rationale for this influence may be found in the deep roots of the Basque culture, a culture where amalurra (mother Earth), i.e. the natural environment, has a central role, as studies from diverse disciplines such as anthropology, psychology and political science have shown. Simulated full distribution of the WTP to protect a Basque natural area using a random parameter logit model reveals that mean marginal WTP to protect its environmental attributes is approximately 60% higher if the cultural identity of the respondent is Basque. To our knowledge, this is the first application to show the influence of cultural identity on the WTP to protect natural resources. Our findings have some methodological and policy implications. On the one hand, failure to take into account cultural identitary issues could result in significantly biased results in benefit transfer applications. On the other hand, policies aimed at conservation natural resources should consider the cultural context in which they will be implemented.
    Keywords: choice modelling; willigness to pay; valuation; identity
    JEL: Q51
    Date: 2008–07–03

This nep-cul issue is ©2008 by Roberto Zanola. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.