nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2008‒01‒05
six papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University of the Piemonte Orientale

  1. The “Competitive” Value of Music to Commercial Radio Stations By Paul Audley; Marcel Boyer
  3. “Parallel Worlds“. Clusters for a Theory of Concepts of Communications. Historical Intercultural and Cultural Comparative Studies in Perspectives of National and Transnational Constitutions, Values, Concepts, and Terms of ‘Communication’ - ‘Orality’ - ‘Literacy’ - ‘Rhetoric’ - ‘Media’. By Haase, Fee-Alexandra
  4. Farmland Conservation in The Netherlands and British Columbia, Canada: A Comparative Analysis Using GIS-based Hedonic Pricing Models By Geerte Cotteleer; Tracy Stobbe; G. Cornelis van Kooten
  5. Is Accra a superstar city ? By Mathema, Ashna S.; Buckley, Robert M.

  1. By: Paul Audley; Marcel Boyer
    Abstract: Our objective in this paper is to develop a methodology to infer from the behaviour and choices of broadcasters the “competitive” value they attach to the use of music, more precisely sound recordings, and to derive from such an inferred value the proper “competitive” copyright payments to be made to authors, composers, performers, and makers of sound recordings. We illustrate the methodology by applying it to Canadian data. The background is provided by the statement of case and supporting proof presented in the 2004 proceedings before the Copyright Board of Canada on the commercial radio tariff. The results called for a significant increase in copyright payments by Canada’s commercial radio industry: the proper competitive copyright payments should be substantially more than double what the industry was paying at the time of the hearings. <P>Nous proposons dans cet article une méthode permettant d’inférer, du comportement et des choix des diffuseurs, la valeur « concurrentielle » qu’ils accordent à la musique enregistrée et d’obtenir de cette valeur inférée les montants qu’ils devraient verser aux auteurs, compositeurs, interprètes et producteurs au chapitre des droits d’auteur. Nous appliquons la méthode sur des données canadiennes. Le cadre institutionnel de référence nous est fourni par la cause de 2004 devant la Commission du droit d’auteur du Canada relative au tarif applicable à la radio commerciale. Nos résultats montrent qu’une hausse substantielle des paiements pour droits d’auteur s’impose : ces paiements « concurrentiels » devraient être plus du double de ceux que l’industrie versait effectivement au moment des audiences de la cause.
    Keywords: copyright valuation, Commercial radio, évaluation des droits d’auteur, radio commerciale
    Date: 2007–12–01
  2. By: Sdrali, Despina; Chazapi, Katerina
    Abstract: Cultural tourism constitutes an alternative strategy of sustainable local development for improving quality of life. The main objective of this type of tourism is to transform the regions, which are characterized by cultural resources, into ideal places for vacation, residence or business. In this study the residents’ perceptions of cultural tourism were examined in a case study of a Greek island, Andros. It was found that the majority of the respondents were aware of the importance of cultural tourism and they argued that it could contribute to the island’s local development. The findings also suggested that there is a strong relationship between the respondents’ characteristics and their perceptions of the impacts of cultural tourism on the island’s development.
    Keywords: alternative tourism; cultural tourism; cultural heritage; sustainable local development; Greece
    JEL: Z1 L83
    Date: 2007–11
  3. By: Haase, Fee-Alexandra
    Abstract: This is a study regarding the history of communication based on several clusters traced back from ancient time to the 21st century. It contains also in the second part chapers on the specific conditions of communications in different cultures.
    Keywords: Communication communications media rhetoric
    JEL: Z12 Z13 Z11
    Date: 2008–01–01
  4. By: Geerte Cotteleer; Tracy Stobbe; G. Cornelis van Kooten
    Abstract: As a result of urban development farmland in many countries is under pressure. Reasons to preserve farmland are related to cultural heritage, food safety, open space, the environment, but also slowing and restricting development is a reason. To protect farmland countries use different land use policies. This paper will look specifically at two jurisdictions: The Netherlands and a particularly rich farming area in British Columbia, Canada. For these areas we will investigate how the institutions and laws present in these jurisdictions contribute to agricultural land preservation. We will analyse farmland values in a GIS-based hedonic pricing framework to answer this question. This combination enables us to analyse direct impacts of laws and regulations within the hedonic pricing framework. Moreover, we can use farm values to analyse farm survivability, and the level of speculation on farmland in the urban-rural fringe, where farmland is under urban pressure.
    Keywords: Hedonic pricing models, zoning policies, Geographical Information System, agricultural land values at the urban fringe
    JEL: Q10 Q15 R52
    Date: 2007–11
  5. By: Mathema, Ashna S.; Buckley, Robert M.
    Abstract: A recent study of house price behavior in U.S. cities by Gyourko, Mayer, and Sinai (2006) raises questions about so-called superstar cities in which housing is so inelastically supplied that it becomes unaffordable, as higher-income families outbid residents. We consider the case of Accra, Ghana, in this light, estimating the elasticity of housing supply and discussing the implications for growth and income distribution. There is not a great deal of data available to examine trends in Accra, so our method is indirect. First, we use a variant of the traditional monocentric city model to calculate the elasticity of Accra ' s housing supply relative to those of other similarly-sized African cities. This suggests that housing supply responsiveness is much higher elsewhere. This muted supply responsiveness is consistent with the observed higher housing prices. Second, we estimate a number of traditional housing demand equations and reduced form equations. Placing a number of restrictions on the equations allows us to infer Accra ' s housing supply elasticity. Taken together, our approaches suggest that lower-income families in Accra have such poor housing conditions because the market is extremely unresponsive to demand. Although the outcomes we have traced-high housing prices and low quality-are not unusual relative to the other developed country superstar cities, they are extreme. The welfare costs are considerable, so much so that in addition to direct housing market effects, these policies also appear to have potentially significant implications for the achievement of more equitable growth.
    Keywords: Economic Theory & Research,Housing & Human Habitats,Banks & Banking Reform,,Public Sector Management and Reform
    Date: 2007–12–01
  6. By: Galdini, Rossana
    Abstract: Urban tourism is in full expansion due to world-wide urbanisation and internationalisation of our societies. New economic impulse created by investments in urban regeneration, and improving the quality of life, produces different consequences. This paper tries to examines the benefits and costs which tourism has on host environments, economies and societies and analyses the strategic conditions which can assist cities to revitalise their territory, through a coherent tourism policy. An Italian case study, Genoa is used to illustrate some of these impact issues. Genoa, after a deep crisis, has regained a new identity and its role in the Italian economic and social system. The paper provides a critical approach of how places of cultural significance are transformed into places of consumption by investigating the relationship between culture as a resource for identity and culture as an economic resource.
    Keywords: urban tourism; regeneration; culture; environment; sustainability
    JEL: R0 L83
    Date: 2007–11

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