nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2007‒04‒21
four papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University of the Piemonte Orientale

  2. "Art Prices and Race: Paintings by African American Artists and Their White Contemporaries" By Richard Agnello; Xiaowen Xu
  3. The Geography and the Effect of Creative People in Germany By Michael Fritsch

  1. By: Dreyer, Matthias; Hübl, Lothar
    Abstract: The cultural sector cannot avoid the effects of demographic change. The aging society, the shrinking population as well as emigration and immigration are presenting cultural institutions with considerable challenges. A complex analysis of the initial situation in each case is essential if those involved - artists, cultural policy-makers and patrons of the arts - are to give long-term direction to their actions. This paper sketches the fundamental interaction among arts, culture and demographic change and examines basic strategies for action in the cultural sector.
    Keywords: demographic change, cultural institutions, cultural management and policy
    JEL: H41 J11 R53 Z11
    Date: 2007–04
  2. By: Richard Agnello (Department of Economics,University of Delaware); Xiaowen Xu (Department of Economics,University of Dela)
    Abstract: In this paper we compare prices of oil paintings sold at auction from 1972 to 2004 for African American artists and their white contemporaries. It is widely documented by the art community that African American art has been under appreciated in America going back to the time of slavery. Along with the great strides made in the twentieth century towards racial equality in the U.S., African American art has become recognized in the national and international art scene with much focus from galleries, programs and exhibitions. Our interest is to investigate the extent that economic and financial markets have incorporated mainstream acceptance of African American art.
    Date: 2006
  3. By: Michael Fritsch (University of Jena, School of Busniess and Economics, Max Planck Institute of Economics Jena, and Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin))
    Abstract: This paper investigates the geography and the effect of people in creative occupation in Germany. The population share of the Creative Class as well as of bohemians and artists is relatively high in larger cities, but smaller places and rural regions may also have a considerable proportion of people with a creative job. While ethnical and cultural diversity and a high level of public supply in health care and education can explain the distribution of creative people, employment opportunities seem to play only a minor role. There is a positive statistical relationship between the share of people in creative occupations, the level of new business formation and the innovativeness of regions. A high share of creative occupations seems to be conducive to regional growth; however, the exact nature of this relationship is still unclear.
    Keywords: Creativity, innovation, entrepreneurship, regional development
    JEL: O31 O18 R11
    Date: 2007–03–30
  4. By: Dreyer, Matthias
    Abstract: Personnel is a strategic factor in the successful operation of museums. The harsh social and economic constraints challenging the cultural sector today amplify the importance of personnel management. However, the field of personnel in museums has received little notice as yet and has played a subordinate role in the discussion of museum management. This paper examines possible reasons for the neglect of this issue and suggests first steps to improving general personnel policy in the museum landscape.
    Keywords: museum management, museum policy, personell management
    JEL: L31 M12 Z11
    Date: 2007–04

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