nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2007‒03‒03
two papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
University of the Piemonte Orientale

  1. Who Were the Greatest Women Artists of the Twentieth Century? A Quantitative Investigation By David W. Galenson
  2. Women, Work and Culture By Fernández, Raquel

  1. By: David W. Galenson
    Abstract: Recent decades have witnessed an outpouring of research on the contributions of women artists. But as is typical in the humanities, these studies have been qualitative, and consequently do not provide a systematic evaluation of the relative importance of different women artists. A survey of the illustrations of the work of women artists contained in textbooks of art history reveals that art historians judge Cindy Sherman to be the greatest woman artist of the twentieth century, followed in order by Georgia O'Keeffe, Louise Bourgeois, Eva Hesse, and Frida Kahlo. The life cycles of these artists have differed greatly: the conceptual Sherman, Hesse, and Kahlo all arrived at their major contributions much earlier, and more suddenly, than the experimental O'Keeffe and Bourgeois. The contrasts are dramatic, as Sherman produced her greatest work while in her 20s, whereas Bourgeois did not produce her greatest work until she had passed the age of 80. The systematic measurement of this study adds a dimension to our understanding of both the role of women in twentieth-century art and the careers of the major figures.
    JEL: J01
    Date: 2007–02
  2. By: Fernández, Raquel
    Abstract: This paper discusses some recent advances in the area of culture and economics and examines the effect of culture on a key economic outcome: female labour supply. To separate the effect of market variables and institutions from culture, I use an epidemiological approach, studying second-generation American women. I use both female LFP and attitudes in the women's country of ancestry as cultural proxies and show that both cultural proxies have quantitatively significant effects on women's work outcomes. The paper concludes with some suggestions for future empirical and theoretical research topics in this area.
    Keywords: attitudes; cultural transmission; endogenous preferences; female labour force participation; immigrants; World Value Survey
    JEL: J13 J21 Z10
    Date: 2007–02

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