nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2006‒12‒04
seven papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Universita degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Cultural sustainability: an asset of cultural tourism industry By Al-Hagla Khalid
  2. Material cultural heritage and sustainable development By Moreno Yasmin Jalil; Tabassum Arif; Santagata Walter
  3. Cultural districst and the role of intellectual property (disctintive signs) By Rojal Florence
  4. Intellectual property and the development of cultural discticts national examles By Saha Homai
  5. Cluster dynamics and innovation in SMEs: the role of culture By Callegati Enrico; Grandi Silvia
  6. Collective property rights for glass manufacturing in Murano: Where culture makes or breaks local economic development By Segre Giovanna; Russo Antonio Paolo
  7. Freed from Illiteracy? A Closer Look at Venezuela’s Robinson Literacy Campaign By Daniel Ortega; Francisco Rodríguez; Edward Miguel

  1. By: Al-Hagla Khalid
    Date: 2005–06
  2. By: Moreno Yasmin Jalil; Tabassum Arif; Santagata Walter (University of Turin)
    Date: 2005–07
  3. By: Rojal Florence
    Date: 2005–02
  4. By: Saha Homai
    Date: 2005–01
  5. By: Callegati Enrico; Grandi Silvia
    Abstract: The territorial agglomeration of interdependent enterprises has a positive influence on the competitiveness, the performance and the development of national economies. This is a widely accepted intuition in economie theory, and it dates back to the works of Alfred Marshall. In particular, these phenomena have been depicted through the theoretical framework of the "IndustriaI Districts". Another signifieant impulse to the debate was provided by the GREMI (Groupe de Recherche Européen sur les Milieux Innovateurs), through the concepì of milieu innovateur. Later, Michael Porter's studies and dissemination works granted great visibility to the dynamics of agglomeration of industries, which since then afe better known among policy makers as "clusters". At any rate, the importance of the cultural element in the concepts of "cluster", milieu, and "district" is undeniable. This is evident also when observing the phenomenon from a historieal perspective. Evidence shows that the strength of a loeal economie system, and its eapacity to grow and 10 innovate, afe closely related 10 the pattern of knowledge (thus cultural) stratifieation, to the territory itself and to learning eapacity. Moreover, one can observe that cultural socio­economie elements afe embedded in technology, thus they play a key role when considering the dynamics of innovation process and growth opportunities for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). With this respect, the paper wìll present some relevant case studies of technical assistance earried out by in the field of industriai cooperation with several non-ED Mediterranean countries. In particular, the paper will present those case studies where initiatives were sei up with a view 10 encourage cluster dynamics in regions (i.e. Aleppo, Syria or Yazd, Iran), where the main sector of activity (textile and clothing industry) is his1orically and culturally based. In particular, several factors were involved, such as the cohesion of stakeholders for the creation of innovation, the development of new products, and the competìtive advantages for the loeal productìve system. The project approach and its conclusions confirm the fundamental role of culture and culture-based activities in the process of economie development, especially when considering SMEs, where culture represents both an embedded strategie foundatìon for the creation of cluster dynamics, and a signifieant potential for their future development affecting innovation trajectories.
    Date: 2005–03
  6. By: Segre Giovanna; Russo Antonio Paolo
    Date: 2005–05
  7. By: Daniel Ortega (Center for Finance, Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Administración); Francisco Rodríguez (Economics Department, Wesleyan University); Edward Miguel (University of California, Berkeley and NBER)
    Abstract: We evaluate the success of the Venezuelan government’s latest nationwide literacy program, Misión Robinson, using official Venezuelan government survey data. Controlling for existing trends in literacy rates by age groups over the period 1975 to 2005, we find at most a small positive effect of Robinson on literacy rates, and in many specifications the program impact is statistically indistinguishable from zero. This main result is robust to time series analysis by birth cohort, and to state-level difference-in-differences estimation. The results appear to be inconsistent with recent official claims of the complete eradication of illiteracy in Venezuela, but resonate with existing research on other adult literacy programs, which have usually been expensive failures.
    Date: 2006–10

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