nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2023‒09‒04
five papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira, Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. "Unleashing Ghana's Manufacturing Might: A Comprehensive Analysis of Performance, Competitiveness, and Policy Pathways" By Asuamah Yeboah, Samuel
  2. Driving Resource Efficiency and Sustainable Consumption: Technological Innovations in Circular Economy Strategies and Industrial Symbiosis By Asuamah Yeboah, Samuel
  3. Diversify or not? The link between global sourcing of ICT goods and firm performance By Schiersch, Alexander; Bertschek, Irene; Niebel, Thomas
  4. Firm Resilience and Growth during the Economics Crisis: lessons from the Greek depression By Christos Genakos; Ioannis Kaplanis; Maria Theano Tagaraki; Aggelos Tsakanikas
  5. National and regional innovation systems: best practices in developed and developing countries By Ivanova, Margarita (Иванова, Маргарита); Zemtsov, Stepan (Земцов, Степан); Mikhaylov, Alexander (Михайлов, Александр)

  1. By: Asuamah Yeboah, Samuel
    Abstract: This review provides a comprehensive analysis of the performance and competitiveness of Ghana's manufacturing sector. It synthesizes relevant literature from academic databases, research papers, reports, and policy documents to examine the sector's contribution to GDP, employment generation, export performance, and factors influencing competitiveness. The findings highlight the challenges faced by the sector, including stagnant GDP contribution, limited job quality, mixed export performance, and factors such as inadequate access to finance, high energy costs, poor infrastructure, limited technological innovation, and skills gaps. Evidence-based policy recommendations are provided to enhance the sector's growth and competitiveness, including infrastructure development, access to finance, technological innovation, skills development, and regulatory reforms. The review also identifies gaps in the literature and suggests future research directions to further understand and address the dynamics of Ghana's manufacturing sector.
    Keywords: manufacturing sector, Ghana, performance, competitiveness, GDP contribution, employment generation, export performance, factors affecting competitiveness, policy recommendations
    JEL: L60 O14 O25 O55
    Date: 2023–05–07
  2. By: Asuamah Yeboah, Samuel
    Abstract: This paper explores the role of technological innovations in advancing resource efficiency through circular economy strategies and industrial symbiosis. It highlights key innovations such as advanced recycling techniques, digital platforms for resource exchange, and product lifecycle management systems that enable resource conservation, waste reduction, and efficient material use. Industrial symbiosis networks leverage technology and innovation to facilitate resource sharing among companies, transforming waste from one industry into valuable inputs for another. This paper discusses the policy implications, identifies directions for future research, and emphasizes the need for collaboration, regulatory frameworks, and education to promote sustainable technology adoption. By embracing these innovations, societies can transition towards a circular economy, minimizing environmental impacts and enhancing resource efficiency.
    Keywords: Technological innovations, Circular economy, Resource efficiency, Advanced recycling techniques, Digital platforms, Product lifecycle management, Industrial symbiosis, Policy implications
    JEL: O32 Q53
    Date: 2023–06–05
  3. By: Schiersch, Alexander; Bertschek, Irene; Niebel, Thomas
    Abstract: Our paper contributes to the discussion about Europe's digital sovereignty. We analyze the relationship between firm performance and the diversification of sourcing countries for imported ICT goods. The analysis is based on administrative data for 3888 German manufacturing firms that imported ICT goods in the years 2010 and 2014. We find that firms that diversify the sourcing of ICT goods across multiple countries perform better than similar firms with a less diversified sourcing structure. This result holds for value added as well as for gross operational surplus as performance measures and for two different indicators of diversification.
    Keywords: ICT goods imports, global sourcing, digital sovereignty, firm performance
    JEL: F14 F23 L14 L23 D24
    Date: 2023
  4. By: Christos Genakos; Ioannis Kaplanis; Maria Theano Tagaraki; Aggelos Tsakanikas
    Abstract: The global financial crisis that burst in 2008 adversely affected business performance in many countries, especially in Europe. However, the impact of the crisis on entrepreneurship and business dynamics differed amongst countries, depending on their businesses resilience, the policies implemented, but also their predominant productive structure. The magnitude and length of the Greek depression have no precedent among modern middle and high-income economies. Still, to date, there is no systematic analysis of the impact of the crisis on entrepreneurship and business dynamism. This study attempts to fill this gap by examining individual firm, sectoral and regional level characteristics that might affect existing firm resilience and new firm survival rate. We use two sources of data with the most extensive coverage of small (sole proprietorship) and large (other legal status firms) firms containing information on entry and exit in Greece. Matching data from patents and trademarks allow us to examine the interplay between entrepreneurship and innovation. Our analysis focuses on the factors that help or hinder firm survival and growth. We find that the crisis increased the exit likelihood for a firm by 5% to 16%. Larger firms, with significant fixed assets, lower financial leverage, operating in concentrated industries, but also those that are innovation and export oriented tend to have better chances of survival compared to their counterparts. These results are important for designing business policies not only in Greece but also other countries facing similar crises.
    Keywords: Greece, entrepreneurship, business resilience, business dynamism, innovation, growth
    Date: 2023–07
  5. By: Ivanova, Margarita (Иванова, Маргарита) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Zemtsov, Stepan (Земцов, Степан) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Mikhaylov, Alexander (Михайлов, Александр) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)
    Abstract: Relevance of the research: The totality of national and regional innovation systems, implying sustainable interaction and cooperation between scientific, educational, government organizations and businesses, is the basis for the country's innovative and economic development. Due to the wide variety of systems existing in the world, it seems appropriate to identify the main problems and patterns of their development in the advanced and developing economies. The results of the study will help determine the directions for improving the regional policy of the Russian Federation in the field of innovation economics. The goal of this study is to analyze and summarize foreign experience in organizing national and regional innovation systems. Research methods and methodology: comparative analysis, system analysis, qualitative analysis, historical and economic analysis. Scientific novelty: We conducted a deep analysis and identified best practices for organizing national and regional innovation systems in developed (USA, France, Switzerland, Japan, Republic of Korea) and some rapidly developing countries (China, India, Brazil, South Africa, Colombia, Mexico).
    Keywords: national innovation system, regional innovation system, developed and developing countries, innovation activity, strategic development
    JEL: B52 O18
    Date: 2022–07

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