nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2023‒04‒17
seven papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Productive robots and industrial employment: The role of national innovation systems By Chrystalla Kapetaniou; Christopher A. Pissarides
  2. Technological Capability Strength/Asymmetry and Supply Chain Process Innovation: The Contingent Roles of Institutional Environments in China By Liwen Wang; Jin Jason Lu; Kevin Zhou
  3. Relatedness, Cross-relatedness and Regional Innovation Specializations: An Analysis of Technology, Design and Market Activities in Europe and the US By Carolina Castaldi; Kyriakos Drivas;
  4. The moderating effect of fan engagement on the relationship between fan knowledge and fan co-creation in social media By Mohsen Behnam; Geoff Dickson; Vahid Delshab; Anna Gerke; Parvaneh Savari Nikou
  5. An Analysis of the Industrial Robot Sector’s Competitiveness in Each Stage of the Value Chain, and Implications for Policy By Park, Sang Soo
  6. Heterogeneous regional university funding and firm innovation: An empirical analysis of the German excellence initiative By Krieger, Bastian
  7. Technology gaps, trade and income By Sampson, Thomas

  1. By: Chrystalla Kapetaniou; Christopher A. Pissarides
    Abstract: In a model with robots, and automatable and non-automatable human tasks, we examine robot-labour substitutions and show how they are influenced by a country's 'innovation system'. Substitution depends on demand and production elasticities, and other factors influenced by the innovation system. Making use of World Economic Forum data we estimate the relationship for thirteen countries and find that countries with poor innovation capabilities substitute robots for workers much more than countries with richer innovation capabilities, which generally complement them. In transport equipment and non-manufacturing robots and workers are stronger substitutes than in other manufacturing.
    Keywords: robots-employment substitution, automatable tasks, complementary task creation, innovation environment, industrial allocations
    Date: 2023–03–15
  2. By: Liwen Wang (SAFTI - Shenzhen Audencia Financial Technology Institute); Jin Jason Lu; Kevin Zhou
    Abstract: Despite the importance of process innovation in fostering supply chain competitiveness, existing studies primarily emphasize product innovation and overlook institutional environments. This study builds on the dyadic capability-based view and institutional theory to investigate how buyer's and supplier's technological capabilities jointly affect supply chain process innovation in China. We differentiate between two distinct dimensions, technological capability strength and technological capability asymmetry, and propose that technological capability strength negatively influences supply chain process innovation whereas technological capability asymmetry promotes such innovation. We also examine how formal (i.e., government intervention) and informal (i.e., guanxi importance) institutional factors moderate the effects of technological capability strength and asymmetry on supply chain process innovation. Empirical analyses based on 157 buyer-supplier dyads in China offer strong support for our hypotheses, which provide important implications for the supply chain innovation collaboration literature and managerial practice.
    Keywords: Supply chain process innovation, technological capability strength, technological capability asymmetry, government intervention, guanxi importance, buyer-supplier exchanges
    Date: 2023–01–05
  3. By: Carolina Castaldi; Kyriakos Drivas;
    Abstract: This paper examines how regions develop new innovation specializations, covering different activities in the whole process from technological invention to commercialization. We develop a conceptual framework anchored in two building blocks: first, the conceptualization of innovation as a process spanning technology, design and market activities; second, the application and extension of the principle of relatedness to understand developments within and between the different innovation activities. We offer an empirical investigation where we operationalize the different innovation activities using three intellectual property rights (IPRs): patents, industrial designs and trademarks. We provide two separate analyses of how relatedness and cross-relatedness matter for the emergence of new specializations: for 259 NUTS-2 European regions and for 363 MSAs of the US. While relatedness is significantly associated with new regional specializations for all three innovation activities, cross-relatedness between activities also plays a significant role. Our study has important policy implications for developing and monitoring Smart Specialization regional strategies.
    Keywords: innovation, relatedness, regional specialization, patents, trademarks, designs, NUTS-2 regions, Metropolitan Statistical Areas.
    JEL: O34 O38 R11
    Date: 2023–03
  4. By: Mohsen Behnam (Urmia University); Geoff Dickson (La Trobe University); Vahid Delshab (Swinburne University of Technology [Melbourne]); Anna Gerke (Audencia Business School); Parvaneh Savari Nikou (Urmia University)
    Abstract: Purpose Social media has enhanced the ability of fans to interact with each other. Whilst previous research investigates fan co-creation, few studies focus on the interactive effects within the co-creation process. The authors develop a model for synthesizing the interactive concepts related to fan co-creation in social media, which leads to team identification. Design/methodology/approach Participants ( N = 483) were recruited from fans of clubs in the Persian Gulf Pro League of Iran. Structural equation modelling was applied to test the research model. Findings The results showed that fan knowledge facilitates fan co-creation, which in turn leads to team identification. Additionally, fan engagement had a moderating effect on the mediating role of fan co-creation in the association between fan knowledge and team identification. Research limitations/implications The findings suggest that fan knowledge is an important antecedent of fan co-creation and highlight the significance of fan co-creation in promoting team identification in highly engaged fans at football clubs. Originality/value The current study contributes to the field of fan co-creation and provides significant implications for sport fan marketers.
    Keywords: Fan co-creation fan engagement fan knowledge team identification, Fan co-creation, fan engagement, fan knowledge, team identification
    Date: 2023–01–30
  5. By: Park, Sang Soo (Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade)
    Abstract: Korea’s industrial robot sector is now the world’s fifth-largest, aided by systematic and consistent government policy over the past decade. It is still heavily reliant on imports for key parts however, and the industry is fragmented, consisting of many small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the absence of specialized companies with global competitiveness. The sector’s competitiveness lags behind in key areas, such as in the development of core-enabling technologies, but also in terms of supply chain stability and production technology. This paper analyzes the structure and characteristics of the industry’s value chain, identifying its strengths and weaknesses in each stage of the chain. Based on the implications carried by the results of this analysis, we propose a comprehensive set of future-oriented policy considerations.
    Keywords: Korea; manufacturing; robots; industrial robots; cobots; robot policy; manufacturing policy; small and medium-sized enterprises; SMEs; SME policy; competition; competition policy; competitiveness; industrial competitiveness; value chain; value chain analysis
    JEL: L11 L16 L22 L23 L25 L52 L53 L60 L64 O25 O30 O38
    Date: 2022–07–22
  6. By: Krieger, Bastian
    Abstract: This paper estimates the effect of heterogeneous university funding stemming from the German Excellence Initiative on a regional firm's probability to innovate by using a multi-valued two-way fixed effects difference-in-differences model. The estimations show that funding an additional Excellence Cluster focused on internationally competitive research within a labor market region increases a regional firm's probability to innovate between 0.3 and 0.9 percentage points. This effect is driven by firms within labor market regions receiving a high number of Excellence Clusters. There is no statistically significant effect for receiving a low number of Excellence Clusters. Moreover, we find no consistent statistically significant effect of funding Graduate Schools concentrating on training scientists nor of funding University Strategies promoting the overall long-term plan of a university.
    Keywords: University funding, Firm innovation, Knowledge transfer
    JEL: O32 O33 O38
    Date: 2023
  7. By: Sampson, Thomas
    Abstract: This paper quantifies the contribution of technology gaps to international income inequality. I develop an endogenous growth model where cross-country differences in R&D efficiency and cross-industry differences in innovation and adoption opportunities together determine equilibrium technology gaps, trade patterns and income inequality. Countries with higher R&D efficiency are richer and have comparative advantage in more innovation-dependent industries. I calibrate R&D efficiency by country and innovation-dependence by industry using R&D, patent and bilateral trade data. Counterfactual analysis implies technology gaps account for one-quarter to one-third of nominal wage variation within the OECD.
    Keywords: technology gaps; development accounting; comparative advantage; innovation; technology diffusion; endogenous growth
    JEL: D21 D24 D31 F14 O31 O33 O47
    Date: 2023–02–01

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