nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2022‒12‒12
eight papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Relationship Between Knowledge Management with Cost Leadership and Differentiation Strategies in Sumbawa Weaving SMEs: The Moderating Role of Organizational Design By Probosari, Ninik; Kusmayadi, Andi; Wijayani, Ari; Ardhanariswari, Kartika Ayu; Siregar, Ilham Ramadan Pandu Setia Negara; Viyani, Ari Okta
  2. The Impact of Patent Applications on Technological Innovation in European Countries By Leogrande, Angelo; Costantiello, Alberto; Laureti, Lucio
  3. Impact of IT integration on the firm’s knowledge absorption and desorption By Jessica Braojos; Jose Benitez; Javier Llorens; Laura Ruiz
  4. Does Industry Agglomeration Attract Productive Firms? The role of product markets in adverse selection By René BELDERBOS; FUKAO Kyoji; IKEUCHI Kenta; KIM Young Gak; KWON Hyeog Ug
  5. What Do R&D Spillovers from Universities and Firms Contribute to Productivity? Plant level productivity and technological and geographic proximity in Japan By René BELDERBOS; IKEUCHI Kenta; FUKAO Kyoji; KIM Young Gak; KWON Hyeog Ug
  6. Skilled Immigration, Task Allocation and the Innovation of Firms By Mayda, Anna Maria; Orefice, Gianluca; Santoni, Gianluca
  7. Study Examining New Technologies and Sustainable Development with a Focus on Social Entrepreneurship By Preminger, Ambrose Jude
  8. Determinants of the Product Innovation Implementation in Japanese Agricultural Corporations By Ngyuyen, Thi Ly; Nanseki, Teruaki; Chomei, Yosuke; Uenishi, Yoshihiro; Mi, Jie

  1. By: Probosari, Ninik; Kusmayadi, Andi; Wijayani, Ari; Ardhanariswari, Kartika Ayu; Siregar, Ilham Ramadan Pandu Setia Negara; Viyani, Ari Okta
    Abstract: Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are the main drivers of the economy in developing countries, one of which is Indonesia. Several SMEs still need to be developed in Indonesia, especially for the 3T region (lagging, leading, and outermost). Sumbawa is one of these areas. The majority of SMEs in the Sumbawa area are weaving SMEs. Weaving SMEs in this region still have problems in terms of SME competitiveness, innovation, and SME creativity. Therefore, they have not been able to compete with SMEs outside the 3T area. Thus, the importance of competitive strategy and knowledge management can encourage the management of information into knowledge that can be used for strategic decision-making, especially the competitive strategy of SMEs. This study will examine the application of knowledge management to SMEs in Sumbawa and whether the applied knowledge management can encourage the creation of a competitive strategy for Sumbawa SMEs. The research was conducted by census/saturated sampling to produce accurate results. The results show that the application of knowledge management in Sumbawa SMEs is proven to influence SMEs' competitive strategy. The study also contributes to new research on the role of organizational design that can affect knowledge management's influence on competitive strategy.
    Date: 2022–09–19
  2. By: Leogrande, Angelo; Costantiello, Alberto; Laureti, Lucio
    Abstract: We investigate the innovational determinants of “Patent Applications” in Europe. We use data from the European Innovation Scoreboard-EIS of the European Commission for 36 countries in the period 2010-2019. We use Panel Data with Fixed Effects, Panel Data with Random Effects, Pooled OLS, WLS and Dynamic Panel. We found that the variables that have a deeper positive association with “Patent Applications” are “Human Resources” and “Intellectual Assets”, while the variables that show a more intense negative relation with Patent Applications are “Employment Share in Manufacturing” and “Total Entrepreneurial Activity”. A cluster analysis with the k-Means algorithm optimized with the Silhouette Coefficient has been realized. The results show the presence of two clusters. A network analysis with the distance of Manhattan has been performed and we find three different complex network structures. Finally, a comparison is made among eight machine learning algorithms for the prediction of the future value of the “Patent Applications”. We found that PNN-Probabilistic Neural Network is the best performing algorithm. Using PNN the results show that the mean future value of “Patent Applications” in the estimated countries is expected to decrease of -0.1%.
    Keywords: Innovation, and Invention: Processes and Incentives; Management of Technological Innovation and R&D; Diffusion Processes; Open Innovation.
    JEL: O30 O31 O32 O33 O34
    Date: 2022–11–12
  3. By: Jessica Braojos (IQS School of Management. Universitat Ramon Llull - IQS - Instituto Químico de Sarrià, University of Granada [Granada]); Jose Benitez (ESC [Rennes] - ESC Rennes School of Business); Javier Llorens (University of Granada [Granada]); Laura Ruiz (University of Granada [Granada], ESC [Rennes] - ESC Rennes School of Business)
    Abstract: This paper examines the impact of the integration of IT systems with other organizations (IT integration) on the knowledge absorption and desorption of the focal firm. We ran an empirical study in Spain and found that IT integration enables the firm to absorb and desorb knowledge with other organizations, which in turn improves firm performance. This research provides two key contributions to the IS discipline: 1) We introduce the concept of desorptive capacity in the IS research and provide a scale for its measure, 2) we provide a theory of IT integration impact on the firm's knowledge absorption and desorption.
    Keywords: IT integration capability,Knowledge absorptive capacity,Knowledge desorptive capacity,IT-enabled organizational capabilities,Business value of IT
    Date: 2020–11
  4. By: René BELDERBOS; FUKAO Kyoji; IKEUCHI Kenta; KIM Young Gak; KWON Hyeog Ug
    Abstract: Do high or low productivity firms self-select into locations characterized by high industry agglomeration? On the one hand, productive firms may benefit more from the availability of specialized (labour) inputs and they are also more likely to survive heightened competition. On the other hand, productive firms face greater risks of knowledge dissipation to collocated rival firms, as they may contribute more than they receive in terms of knowledge spillovers. We examine location decisions for new plant establishments by firms in Japan with established productivity records (multi-plant firms) at the fine-grained level of towns, wards, and cities where knowledge spillovers are most likely to occur. We find that the adverse selection effects of industry agglomeration–the process of agglomerated areas attracting weaker rather than stronger firms–dominate if knowledge spillovers are most harmful to productive entrants when the focal firm and local incumbent establishments target the same (domestic) product market. We conclude that negative sorting processes do occur, but that these can only be uncovered in a more fine-grained analysis that takes into account ex ante measures of firm heterogeneity and the nature of product markets.
    Date: 2022–11
  5. By: René BELDERBOS; IKEUCHI Kenta; FUKAO Kyoji; KIM Young Gak; KWON Hyeog Ug
    Abstract: We examine the simultaneous effects of spillovers due to R&D by universities and by firms on total factor productivity in a panel of over 20,000 Japanese manufacturing plants. Estimating geographic decay functions based on the location of the universe of manufacturing plants run by R&D conducting firms and public research institutions in Japan, we find a positive influence of both private and public technologically proximate-R&D stocks, which decay in distance and become negligible at around 500 kilometers. Decomposition analyses show that declining R&D spillovers are responsible for a substantial part of the decline in the rate of TFP growth in Japanese manufacturing. The exit of geographically proximate plants operated by R&D intensive firms, which may be associated with a relocation of manufacturing activity overseas, plays a notable role in this process and is an important phenomenon in major industrial agglomerations such as Tokyo and Osaka.
    Date: 2022–11
  6. By: Mayda, Anna Maria (Georgetown University); Orefice, Gianluca (Université Paris-Dauphine); Santoni, Gianluca (CEPII, Paris)
    Abstract: This paper analyses the impact of skilled migrants on the innovation (patenting) activity of French firms between 1995 and 2010, and investigates the underlying mechanism. We present districtlevel and firm-level estimates and address endogeneity using a modified version of the shift-share instrument. Skilled migrants increase the number of patents at both the district and firm level. Large, high-productivity and capital-intensive firms benefit the most, in terms of innovation activity, from skilled immigrant workers. Importantly, we provide evidence that one channel through which the effect works is task specialization (as in Peri and Sparber, 2009). The arrival of skilled immigrants drives French skilled workers towards language-intensive, managerial tasks while foreign skilled workers specialize in technical, research-oriented tasks. This mechanism manifests itself in the estimated increase in the share of foreign inventors in patenting teams as a consequence of skilled migration. Through this channel, greater innovation is the result of productivity gains from specialization.
    Keywords: skilled immigration, innovation, patents
    JEL: F22 J61
    Date: 2022–11
  7. By: Preminger, Ambrose Jude
    Abstract: The economy of today is characterized by rapid change at any given time. Adaptability is the key to success in such an environment. When one examines the historical development of economic theory, it becomes evident that the development of industry and the advancement of a community's economy are based on the development of new ideas and innovations. Without being at the forefront of science and innovation, it is unlikely that any country will be able to pass the development route. An important tool for achieving this goal is entrepreneurship. In an economic system based on entrepreneurship, innovators and owners of ideas are among the most important factors for the advancement of the system. Entrepreneurship is closely related to economic and social development, and it is considered an important indicator of development in developing countries today. In light of the special role and position of entrepreneurs in the process of economic growth and community development, many governments in developed and leading countries are attempting to foster the development of a number of community members with entrepreneurial characteristics. Aiming to maximize opportunities and exploit research achievements in order to promote entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial activities. By promoting entrepreneurship and providing an environment conducive to growth and development, it will be possible to eliminate current issues and problems associated with entrepreneurship, as well as the unemployment of university graduates and the great problem of other unemployed persons. Research has shown that entrepreneurship can contribute to economic growth through a variety of channels. In order to create knowledge overflow in the new theories of growth, when the economy reaches sustainable status, income growth per capita would only be possible via knowledge growth, which would result in more efficient production technologies with greater productivity. With this context in mind, the intersection of social entrepreneurship, technology development, and sustainable development is very important in today's world. Developing entrepreneurship is essential to meeting these needs and achieving these goals.
    Keywords: Community Development; Entrepreneurial Activities; Entrepreneurship; innovation; Social Entrepreneurship, Sustainable Development, Sustainable Development and Technology.
    JEL: L26 O14 Q01
    Date: 2022–10–16
  8. By: Ngyuyen, Thi Ly; Nanseki, Teruaki; Chomei, Yosuke; Uenishi, Yoshihiro; Mi, Jie
    Keywords: Agribusiness, Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies
    Date: 2021

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