nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2022‒12‒05
five papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. The Role of Immigrants, Emigrants, and Locals in the Historical Formation of Knowledge Agglomerations By Viktor Stojkoski; Philipp Koch; Cesar A. Hidalgo;
  2. Knowledge spillovers, related variety and firm heterogeneity By Cainelli, Giulio; Ganau, Roberto
  3. The contribution of competitiveness clusters to local development: Case of the TANTAN ocean clusters By Laila Hobad; Sanae Hobad; Abderrazzak Kabbouri
  4. Entrepreneurial openness, creativity, and firm growth By zhang, Tao
  5. A capability-approach perspective on Levelling Up By Abreu, Maria; Comim, Flavio; Jones, Calvin

  1. By: Viktor Stojkoski; Philipp Koch; Cesar A. Hidalgo;
    Abstract: Did migrants help make Paris a center for the arts and Vienna a beacon of classical music? Or was the rise of these knowledge agglomerations a sole consequence of local actors? Here, we use data on the biographies of more than 22,000 famous historical individuals born between the years 1000 and 2000 to estimate the contribution of famous immigrants, emigrants, and locals to the knowledge specializations of European regions. We find that the probability that a region develops a specialization in a new activity (physics, philosophy, painting, music, etc.) grows with the presence of immigrants with knowledge on that activity and of immigrants specialized in related activities. We also find that the probability that a region loses one of its existing areas of specialization decreases with the presence of immigrants specialized in that activity and in related activities. In contrast, we do not find robust evidence that locals with related knowledge play a statistically significant role in a region entering or exiting a new specialization. These findings advance our understanding of the role of migration in the historical formation of knowledge agglomerations. nations.
    Keywords: migration, knowledge spillovers, relatedness, economic history
    JEL: N13 N93 O15 O33
    Date: 2022–11
  2. By: Cainelli, Giulio; Ganau, Roberto
    Abstract: Economic geographers and regional economists have traditionally analysed the mechanisms driving learning processes and the diffusion of knowledge among local economic actors. During the past decade, the concept of «related variety» has been frequently used to denote an agglomeration force able to explain knowledge-related advantages for firms and geographically bounded productive systems, and which arises from the heterogeneity of local industries. Besides this concept, more recent studies have emphasised the role of firm heterogeneity as an alternative – but not substitute – mecha-nism for knowledge creation and diffusion. This paper discusses the factors driving the emergence of knowledge spillovers within agglomerative spaces, and conducts a critical comparison between the concepts of industrial related variety and firm heterogeneity as two potential sources of local knowledge externalities, and, thus, of local economic development.
    Keywords: agglomeration economies; knowledge spillovers; related variety
    JEL: J1
    Date: 2021–05–01
  3. By: Laila Hobad (Le Laboratoire de Recherche en Sciences de Gestion des Organisations - LRSGO); Sanae Hobad (LRSGO - Laboratoire de recherche en sciences de gestion des organisations); Abderrazzak Kabbouri
    Abstract: The new industrial policy was launched by Wallonia in 2005 focused on competitiveness clusters; its objective was to network companies, research centers and educational institutions in order to stimulate the creation of new wealth and new jobs by financing of innovative projects. In the vision, the poles of competitiveness are considered territorial areas that bring together economic actors, training institutes and research centers. These entities collaborate in a synchronized way, with the support of public actors in the region, in order to create growth synergies. The objective of this research is to test the applicability of the policy of competitiveness clusters as an instrument of local development for the case of the fisheries sector in the port of Tan-Tan. It is indeed to study the possibility of having a pole of sea products in Tan-Tan. This study is conducted through a quantitative approach based on a questionnaire sent to 24 companies (all of them operating in one of the fisheries sectors present in the port of Tan-Tan). Data processing was carried out by SPHINX software. The results of this study show that after these studies on the competitiveness clusters in general and the OTT in the city of Tan-Tan it seems clear that the constitution of a competitiveness cluster based on seafood is quite valid. This is due to certain factors such as: the strong cooperation between the companies of the port on the one hand and between the latter and other actors on the other hand; the importance of the volume of production and its diversity; the impotence of innovation and new technology in the production process; diversity of sizes of companies and their activities; the process of production stops at the finished products with medium or high added values; the strong concern involvement of local authorities concerned with the sector
    Abstract: La nouvelle politique industrielle est lancée par la Wallonie en 2005 axée sur les pôles de compétitivité, son objectif consistait à mettre en réseau des entreprises, centres de recherche et établissements d'enseignement afin de stimuler la création de nouvelles richesses et de nouveaux emplois par le financement de projets innovants. Les pôles de compétitivité dans la vision sont considérés comme des espaces territoriaux qui regroupent des acteurs économiques, des instituts de formation, ainsi que des centres de recherche. Ces entités collaborent de façon synchronisée, avec le soutien des acteurs publics de la région, afin de créer des synergies de croissance. L'objectif de cette recherche est de tester l'applicabilité de la politique des pôles de compétitivité comme instrument de développement local pour le cas du secteur halieutique au port de Tan-Tan. C'est en effet étudier la possibilité d'avoir un pôle de produits de la mer à Tan-Tan. Cette étude est conduite par une approche quantitative basée sur un questionnaire auprès de 24 sociétés (sont toutes des sociétés opérantes dans l'une des filières halieutiques présentes sur le port de Tan-Tan). Le traitement des données a été effectué par le logiciel sphinx. Les résultats de cette étude montrent qu'après ces études sur les pôles de compétitivité en générale et l'OTT à la ville de Tan-Tan, il nous apparaît clair que la constitution d'un pôle de compétitivité à la base des produits de la mer est tout à fait chose valable. Cela est dû à certains facteurs comme : la forte coopération entre les sociétés du port d'une part et entre ces dernières et les autres acteurs d'une autre part ; l'importance du volume de production et sa diversité ;l'impotence de l'innovation et de la nouvelle technologie dans le processus de production ;diversité des tailles des entreprises et de leurs activités ; le processus de la production s'arrête aux produits finis à moyen ou forte valeurs ajoutés ; la forte préoccupation et implication des autorités locales concernées par le secteur.
    Keywords: competitiveness cluster (poles),Territorial development,Synergy,pôle de compétitivité,développement territorial,synergie
    Date: 2022–10–06
  4. By: zhang, Tao
    Abstract: Entrepreneurs play a key role in economic growth by creating new jobs, fostering innovation, and facilitating structural transformation. The growth and success of entrepreneurs are often linked to their creativity because creativity enables them to identify and capitalize on new opportunities. As a result, exploring influential factors on entrepreneurs’ creativity has been an important research direction.
    Date: 2022–11–07
  5. By: Abreu, Maria; Comim, Flavio; Jones, Calvin
    Abstract: We provide an introduction to the capability approach and the concept of comprehensive outcomes, and show how it can be useful as a framework for regional development policies. We highlight the role of real opportunities (capabilities) in allowing individuals to achieve the things that they consider valuable in their lives, and the role of agency and process in achieving those outcomes, providing a contrast to other approaches which focus on resources (GDP, productivity, income) or desire fulfilment (utility, subjective wellbeing). We identify practical steps for policymakers wanting to incorporate the capability approach, either partially or fully, into the regional policy process.
    Date: 2022–08–14

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