nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2022‒11‒14
three papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Disentangling regional innovation capability: what really matters? By Ganau, Roberto; Grandinetti, Roberto
  2. Digitalization and entrepreneur’s gender: Evidence for Spanish SMEs in the service and retail sectors. By Alfonso Expósito; Amparo Sanchis-Llopis; Juan A. Sanchis-Llopis
  3. Education and Society: An Analysis of the Relationship Between Technological Development and Knowledge Transfer By Zhang, Shoucheng

  1. By: Ganau, Roberto; Grandinetti, Roberto
    Abstract: Where does innovation come from? And do all regions innovate similarly? We deal with these questions by highlighting the complexity of the concepts of innovation capability and performance, and by testing their association at the European Union regional level. We disentangle inputs of innovation capability, and consider regional heterogeneity in institutional quality, to understand the relative endowment of what innovation inputs is associated with higher relative innovation performance. We find that ‘formal’ inputs–public and business R&D expenditure–do not work unconditionally and everywhere, and that less ‘formal’ ones–e.g., non-R&D expenditure and firms collaborating for innovation–matter particularly in regions with relative low-quality institutions. Moreover, institutional quality emerges as an innovation productivity-enhancing factor.
    Keywords: European Union; Innovation capability; innovation performance; institutional quality; regions
    JEL: O30 O52 R11
    Date: 2021–07–03
  2. By: Alfonso Expósito (University of Málaga, Spain); Amparo Sanchis-Llopis (University of Valencia and ERICES, Spain); Juan A. Sanchis-Llopis (University of Valencia and ERICES, Spain)
    Abstract: This study investigates the role of the entrepreneur’s gender on digitalization strategies undertaken by SMEs in the service and retail sectors. Specifically, we aim at testing how the gender of the entrepreneur may affect investment in software and equipment related to information and communication technologies (ICT). We use a sample of 1,041 Spanish businesses and estimate a bivariate probit model for these two decisions, controlling for other entrepreneurial and business characteristics. Results indicate a higher probability of male entrepreneurs to invest in software and ICT equipment, as compared to women. Furthermore, we find that entrepreneurial risk-taking and business’ innovation capabilities are important drivers for engaging in these two digitalisation strategies, regardless of the gender of the entrepreneur, and that entrepreneurial proactiveness is especially important for women entrepreneurs, since the positive impact of entrepreneurial proactiveness on the probability to engage in digitalisation strategies is stronger in women-led businesses. This study provides new empirical evidence on the role of entrepreneur’s gender in SMEs regarding their digitalisation strategies.
    Keywords: Gender of entrepreneur; small and medium-enterprises; digitalisation strategies; information and communication technologies; bivariate probit model.
    JEL: C35 J16 M21 L26
    Date: 2022–10
  3. By: Zhang, Shoucheng
    Abstract: It has become increasingly important to use technology in education and society in order to prepare students for the future world in which they will have to live, as it enhances education and develops digital literacy, as well as 21st century skills such as critical thinking, problem solving, collaboration, communication, and information literacy that will be necessary for their success in the future. With technology being used more effectively in the education sector and in society as a whole, these skills can be imparted to learners in a more effective manner as a result of its use in the education sector. To accomplish this objective in educational institutions and society as a whole, pedagogical models can certainly be utilized, but in order to achieve this objective in a productive manner, they need to be utilized in the correct way. In addition to great leaders and entrepreneurs, the most successful educational organizations and societies share one common characteristic with the most successful educational organizations and societies. That is, they are able to exchange knowledge and wisdom within the society as well as within their faculties, students, and the external environment in which they operate. As a result of the variety of ways in which people communicate today, both individually and as a group, technology-enhanced communication in the society has never been more complex or challenging than it is today due to the types of communication technology available. Whenever it comes to using technology for knowledge dissemination in educational organizations, it is imperative that both the prerequisites as well as the consequences are taken into account when making a decision regarding the use of technology for knowledge dissemination. In recent years, it has been observed that the use of algorithms as a method of solving problems has increased due to machine learning and the development of algorithms that have been used to solve problems as a result of machine learning. The use of analytics is a prerequisite to using algorithms as a means of solving problems, because algorithms can be used as a means of solving problems, since algorithms are able to solve problems. For the purpose of solving problems in the current educational scenario around the world, a variety of algorithms, along with machine learning, are used as a method of solving problems, in addition to the development of algorithms to solve problems in the current educational scenario.
    Keywords: Technology and knowledge development in society, factors affecting knowledge sharing in education, diversity and inclusion of knowledge and technology, technology and society
    JEL: O30 O33 O35
    Date: 2022–08–15

This nep-cse issue is ©2022 by João José de Matos Ferreira. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.