nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2022‒10‒24
five papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Hiring Entrepreneurs for Innovation By Louise Lindbjerg; Theodor Vladasel
  2. Performance and human resource management: The relationship in private companies By Taoufik Anni
  3. Innovation Spaces as Drivers of Eco-innovations Supporting the Circular Economy: A Systematic Literature Review By Fédoua Kasmi; Ferney Osorio; Laurent Dupont; Brunelle Marche; Mauricio Camargo
  4. Corporate venture e inovação aberta em grandes empresas no Brasil By Tatiane de Freitas Cordeiro; Márcia Siqueira Rapini
  5. Gearing Up for the Future of Manufacturing in Bangladesh By Yunfan Gu; Gaurav Nayyar; Siddharth Sharma

  1. By: Louise Lindbjerg; Theodor Vladasel
    Abstract: Technical human capital improves firms’ invention outcomes, but generating innovation revenue may require distinct skills in bringing new ideas to market. We argue that former founders are endowed with execution skills, a generalist ability to create and exploit market gaps by acquiring and mobilizing resources, so entrepreneurial human capital enhances innovation in established organizations. Combining register and Community Innovation Survey data from Denmark, we show that entrepreneur hires are associated with higher sales from new products and services. This result is driven by founder hires in middle management, a hierarchical position where broader decision rights and resource access increase execution skills’ effectiveness. Founder hires are more tightly linked to innovation new to the firm or market, rather than world, consistent with our prediction that execution skills help bring incremental improvements to market, but do not necessarily generate radical innovation. Together, our findings suggest that entrepreneurial human capital may help firms appropriate a larger share of the value their knowledge generates.
    Keywords: innovation, learning by hiring, entrepreneurship, execution skills, human capital, middle management
    JEL: J24 L23 M12 M21 M51
    Date: 2021–12
  2. By: Taoufik Anni (FSJES - Faculté des Sciences juridiques - UM5 - Université Mohammed V de Rabat [Agdal])
    Abstract: It is known that management sciences are interested in the achievement of performance in all its dimensions, they are also interested in other strategic aspects and factors of business success, such as human resources management. And the importance of its use for good causes. This article reviews the literature on the concepts of performance and human resource management, and focuses on the conditions under which HRM practices have a positive or negative impact on business performance. Indeed, the hypotheses developed in this article make it possible to deepen the knowledge of the relationships between HRM practices and performance. It leads to useful conclusions for both the development of theory and practice. In addition to the theoretical presentation of the approaches that have studied the relationship between business performance and HRM, we present the results of some empirical studies seeking to measure the impact of certain practices in the organizational and financial performance of private companies, from different approaches mentioned above. The results reported here provide some support for the universal approach, due to the fact that we found a positive relationship between, on the one hand, the extent of certain practices and, on the other hand, the financial performance of SMEs.
    Keywords: Performance,Human Resources,private companies.,Type of paper: Theoretical research
    Date: 2022–08–13
  3. By: Fédoua Kasmi (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Ferney Osorio (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Laurent Dupont (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Brunelle Marche (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Mauricio Camargo (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine)
    Abstract: This paper explores the way in which academics address the role of innovation spaces in the development of circular economy. Considering their characteristics, objectives and functioning, we assume that innovation spaces can be favorable environments for eco-innovations facilitating the implementation of circular economy strategies. To examine this hypothesis, this paper mobilizes a mixed research method based on bibliometric analysis of keywords and content analysis. The results show that these collaborative environments can: foster sustainable experimental learning, provide methodologies and tools for the co-creation of circular solutions, drive the transition towards sustainable smart cities, foster the creation of new sustainable business models, promote sustainable urban entrepreneurship and facilitate knowledge exchange on circular solutions. However, most of the reviewed literature focuses mainly on their impacts on sustainability and less on the concept of circular economy per se. Consequently, this work provides insights on the potential of these spaces in the circular strategies' implementation.
    Keywords: Systematic Literature Review,Sustainability,Innovation Spaces,Eco-Innovation,Circular Economy
    Date: 2022
  4. By: Tatiane de Freitas Cordeiro (FACE/UFMG e Fundação Dom Cabral); Márcia Siqueira Rapini (Cedeplar/UFMG)
    Abstract: Within the open innovation paradigm, Corporate Venture (VC) appears as an alternative for large companies to execute their innovation strategy and R&D investments. In this sense, this study investigates whether VC practices undertaken by large companies in Brazil contribute to the fostering of open innovation and the execution of R&D and innovation activities. This was investigated from one of 19 responses to an empirical survey conducted with large companies, gathering national and multinational companies, operating in Brazil. The results indicate that the corporate venture strategy is not always aimed at fostering innovation, since corporations seek startups that have already gone through the most uncertain stages of the R&D process and already have validated products, services and/or solutions. Furthermore, corporate ventures are aimed at incorporating promising businesses with a view to diversifying risk and reaching new markets.
    Keywords: Corporate Venture, open innovation, R&D, multinational companies
    JEL: G24 M13
    Date: 2022–09
  5. By: Yunfan Gu; Gaurav Nayyar; Siddharth Sharma
    Keywords: Industry - Industrial Economics International Economics and Trade - Access to Markets International Economics and Trade - Export Competitiveness Social Protections and Labor - Labor Markets Science and Technology Development - Technology Innovation
    Date: 2021–06

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