nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2022‒05‒16
five papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. The Export of High Knowledge Intensity Services of European Countries By LEOGRANDE, ANGELO
  2. Internationalization impacts on team innovation in Lithuanian high-tech firms By Mindaugas Laužikas; Aistė Miliūtė; Mukhammad Khalili
  3. Research management models to promote breakthrough innovation: analyzing success case stories of simultaneous discovery-invention research processes. By Jean-Alain Héraud; Nathalie Popiolek
  4. Climate change affectedness and innovation in German firms By Horbach, Jens; Rammer, Christian
  5. A business model pattern arrives... and then? A translation perspective on business model innovation in established firms By Kajsa Ahlgren Ode; Céline Louche

    Abstract: The European Innovation Scoreboard-EIS calculates the export value of knowledge-intensive services produced in Europe. By knowledge-intensive services we mean a set of activities ranging from sea and air transport to financial services, the use of intellectual property, telecommunications, and audiovisual services. The value is considered as a percentage ratio with respect to the complex value of the exports of services.
    Keywords: Innovation, and Invention: Processes and Incentives; Management of Technological Innovation and R&D; Diffusion Processes; Open Innovation.
    JEL: O3 O30 O31 O32 O33 O34
    Date: 2022–04–18
  2. By: Mindaugas Laužikas (GILE Experts Limited, Vilnius University Business School); Aistė Miliūtė (Vilnius University Business School); Mukhammad Khalili (Vilnius University Business School)
    Abstract: Given a well-established literature on internationalization processes and its main impacts on companies' performance (Begeny, 2018; Bužavaitė et al., 2019), it is worth examining how internationalization affects companies, driven by innovation at three different levels (individual, team and organizational) which is anchored in three main pillars: effectiveness, creativity and efficiency. The first pillar is related to strategic decision-making and business intelligence (along with data collection and analysis; setting efficiency criteria, strategic goals and outputs, as well as the tactics for each criteria). The second pillar covers a set of internationalization-related aspects, such as creative ideas generation, marketing and communications strategies, HR and R&D culture, leadership and talent development; while the third pillar is liaised with monitoring and execution of innovative activities. In line with studies with regard to innovation processes (Szopik-Depczyńska, 2015; Gries et al., 2017; Von Schomberg and Blok, 2018), the present paper continues examining the innovation performance; however, the main focus is on team innovation performance or the ways of unlocking the internationalization potential within team innovation processes via a set of aspects, such as effective decision-making, creative and divergent thinking, and efficient execution in teams. In light of the emergence of modern technology, employees of Lithuanian high-tech companies were selected for a quantitative survey, while scrutinizing the liaison between team internationalization and innovation commercialization success. Having the primary quantitative data (related to internationalization level, creative thinking, innovation performance in high-tech respondents' teams) collected and analysed, further on, the innovation performance improvement suggestions are provided for the leaders of high-tech international teams.
    Keywords: internationalization,technologies,impacts,team innovation,high-tech,commercialization,creativity,effectiveness,efficiency
    Date: 2021–03–30
  3. By: Jean-Alain Héraud; Nathalie Popiolek
    Abstract: Economic innovations are not systematically triggered by scientific discoveries or technological inventions. They can benefit from a new scientific idea without really depending on it as a key element. For instance, incremental innovations almost by definition do not exploit a new techno-scientific paradigm. Moreover, some very creative ideas happen to arise in other fields than science or technology, like the domain of usage. Nevertheless, scientific discoveries and breakthrough innovations, during the 20th and 21th centuries, were often linked. We wish to check here the existence of cross-fertilization mechanisms between academic and industrial researches in specific cases of high creativity level, and try to describe the simultaneous discovery-innovation process taking place at such occasions. We base our study on historical examples and a series of interviews of actors from public research organizations as well as industrial R&D departments. We learnt a lot about the various dimensions of the knowledge co-creation, but also about the difficulties to overcome in such cooperative schemes: differences in individual and institutional motivations, in the perception of science (its raison d’être, its ownership), of risk, and of time (unsynchronized clocks).
    Keywords: Discovery, Radical innovation, Academy - industry partnerships, Models of innovation.
    JEL: O31 O32
    Date: 2022
  4. By: Horbach, Jens; Rammer, Christian
    Abstract: Eco-innovations are crucial for the mitigation of climate change effects. It is therefore important to know if the existing climate change regulations and carbon pricing are appropriate and sufficient to trigger such innovations. Besides government measures, the demand for carbon neutral products or the impacts of climate change such as extreme weather conditions leading to higher costs for the affected firms may also promote eco-innovation activities. For the first time, the new wave of the Community Innovation Survey 2020 in Germany allows an analysis of the effects of climate change policy and costs, demand for climate friendly goods and extreme weather conditions on (eco-)innovation. The results of probit and treatment effect models show that innovative firms seem to be significantly more affected by climate change measures and consequences compared to other firms. All climate change indicators are positively correlated to eco-innovations. Interestingly, other innovation activities also profit from the extent to which a firm is affected by climate change albeit the marginal effects are lower compared to eco-innovations. Demand for climate neutral products is significantly important for all eco-product-innovations.
    Keywords: Climate change,eco-innovation,Community Innovation Survey,probit regression,treatment effect models
    JEL: C25 C21 O31 Q54 Q55
    Date: 2022
  5. By: Kajsa Ahlgren Ode (Lund University [Lund]); Céline Louche (Audencia Business School)
    Abstract: This study examines business model innovation (BMI) in an established firm. We investigate the case of a Swedish utility company that adopted and implemented a business model (BM) pattern originating from outside the firm. We draw upon Scandinavian translation theory to understand the micro-level dynamics of how BMI unfolds. Our findings show that the BM pattern is disassembled into its constituent parts, that these are translated separately and, little by little, (re)assembled into a whole to form a new BM. This process involves several loops of translation activated by the interplay between five practices: formulating, engaging, resisting, anchoring, and energizing. On the basis of our findings, we develop a BM translation framework. We thereby contribute to a better understanding of the micro-level perspective on BMI initiated by the adoption of a BM pattern. We also reveal that BMI processes triggered by BM patterns from outside differ from those taking place when a new BM is entirely developed within a firm.
    Keywords: business model innovation,business model pattern,Scandinavian translation theory,change process
    Date: 2022–04–01

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