nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2022‒03‒28
eleven papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Foreign Doctorate Students in Europe By Laureti, Lucio; Costantiello, Alberto; Matarrese, Marco Maria; Leogrande, Angelo
  2. Управление инновационными системами: от национального до локального уровня By Tyurchev, Kirill
  3. The Effect of External Innovation on Firm Employment By Guillermo Arenas Díaz; Andrés Barge-Gil; Joost Heijs; Alberto Marzucchi
  4. Cultural diversity and innovation-oriented entrepreneurship By Paula Prenzel; Niels Bosma; Veronique Schutjens; Erik Stam
  5. Knowledge Economy and the Economic Performance of African Countries: A Seemingly Unrelated and Recursive Approach By Voxi Heinrich Amavilah; Antonio Rodriguez Andres
  6. Effect of market orientation, marketing capability, product innovation on performance By vincent, eric
  7. Environmental Awareness and Green Business Practices in the Small Business Sector: Empirical Evidence Using a Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Survey in Japan By Masahiko Shibamoto
  8. Effect of market orientation, marketing capability, product innovation on performance By Kabir, Muhammad Fadhlan
  9. Asymmetric effects of Eco-innovation and Human Capital development in realizing Environmental Sustainability in China: Evidence from Quantile ARDL framework By Jin, Cheng; Razzaq, Asif; Saleem, Faiza; Sinha, Avik
  10. Business Ecosystem: How a Scientific and Commercial Activity Survive Turbulence By Michelle Harbour; Jacques-Bernard Gauthier
  11. Managing Digital Transformation By vincent, eric

  1. By: Laureti, Lucio; Costantiello, Alberto; Matarrese, Marco Maria; Leogrande, Angelo
    Abstract: The determinants of the presence of “Foreign Doctorate Students” among 36 European Countries for the period 2010-2019 are analyzed in this article. Panel Data with Fixed Effects, Random Effects, WLS, Pooled OLS, and Dynamic Panel are used to investigate the data. We found that the presence of Foreign Doctorate Students is positively associated to “Attractive Research Systems”, “Finance and Support”, “Rule of Law”, “Sales Impacts”, “New Doctorate Graduates”, “Basic School Entrepreneurial Education and Training”, “Tertiary Education” and negatively associated to “Innovative Sales Share”, “Innovation Friendly Environment”, “Linkages”, “Trademark Applications”, “Government Procurement of Advanced Technology Products”, “R&D Expenditure Public Sectors”. A cluster analysis was then carried out through the application of the unsupervised k-Means algorithm optimized using the Silhouette coefficient with the identification of 5 clusters. Finally, eight different machine learning algorithms were used to predict the value of the "Foreign Doctorate Students" variable. The results show that the best predictor algorithm is the "Tree Ensemble Regression" with a predicted value growing at a rate of 114.03%.
    Keywords: Innovation, and Invention: Processes and Incentives; Management of Technological Innovation and R&D; Diffusion Processes; Open Innovation.
    JEL: O30 O31 O32 O33 O34
    Date: 2022–02–11
  2. By: Tyurchev, Kirill
    Abstract: One of the key tasks of the authorities at all levels is to increase competitiveness and accelerate economic growth. In foreign literature, a lot of works are devoted to the study of innovations and their role in the development of states. A number of authors consider the problems related to the direct management of innovation systems, researching and analyzing from diff erent points of view. Th e purpose of this article is to acquaint the interested circle of readers with the evolution of approaches to the management of innovative systems from the national level to the local one, with the current research results and their directions.
    Keywords: state innovation policy, national innovation systems (NIS), regional innovation systems (RIS), innovation ecosystems.
    JEL: O30 O38 O53
    Date: 2021–10–28
  3. By: Guillermo Arenas Díaz (Dipartimento di Politica Economica, DISCE, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore); Andrés Barge-Gil (Department of Economic Analysis, Complutense University of Madrid, ICAE and GRIPICO, Madrid, Spain); Joost Heijs (Department of Applied Economics, Structure and History, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain); Alberto Marzucchi (Gran Sasso Science Institute, Social Sciences, L'Aquila, Italia)
    Abstract: This paper analyses the effects of product innovations introduced by firms in upstream and downstream sectors and firms in the same sector on firm employment. To this aim, we extend the Harrison et al. (2014) model to analyse the relationship between firm innovation and employment to account for innovation in the same and related sectors. We employ panel data for the innovation activities of Spanish firms together with input–output data. The results show that product innovation by firms in the same sector harms the firm's employment, which is consistent with a business-stealing mechanism. A negative effect on employment is found for the introduction of new products in upstream sectors, which results in the reduction of labour in the focal firm. The type of labour that is displaced by innovations introduced by both same-sector and upstream firms is predominantly low-skilled. No significant effects are found for innovations introduced in downstream industries.
    Keywords: same sector, downstream and upstream sectors, product innovation, employment growth
    JEL: J23 O31 O33 L6
    Date: 2022–02
  4. By: Paula Prenzel; Niels Bosma; Veronique Schutjens; Erik Stam
    Abstract: A growing empirical literature has established a positive relationship between cultural diversity and entrepreneurship rates, often attributing this effect to innovative benefits of diversity. However, not all entrepreneurship is inherently innovative, raising the question of whether cultural diversity may increase the relative prevalence of entrepreneurs pursuing innovative instead of more replicative strategies. This study investigates the relationship between regional cultural diversity and the innovation-orientation of early-stage entrepreneurs and considers moderating factors by decomposing shares of foreign-born population by origin within and outside of the EU and by education level. Combining survey data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor with various measures of cultural diversity, we carry out a multilevel analysis for 166 European regions. The results suggest that entrepreneurs in more culturally diverse regions are significantly more likely to exhibit innovation-orientation. We find some evidence that this effect is supported by cognitive proximity as the share of EU-born foreign population is driving this result. Moreover, our analysis suggests that the effect of cultural diversity on innovative entrepreneurship is not due to human capital availability or moderated by entrepreneurs' absorptive capacity but rather stems from the diversity in cultural background itself.
    Keywords: cultural diversity, entrepreneurship, innovation, European regions, multilevel analysis
    JEL: F22 L26 O30 R1
    Date: 2022–02
  5. By: Voxi Heinrich Amavilah (Economics/Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences Estrella Mountain College); Antonio Rodriguez Andres (Faculty of Management Technology, German University in Cairo)
    Abstract: Knowledge has emerged as a potentially key driver of economic growth and competitiveness, thereby attracting more attention in Africa than before because it is crucial to understand the factors and policies that influence the knowledge economy (KE) process and economic performance.
    Keywords: Knowledge economy, African countries, Seemingly unrelated regression, Economic growth
    JEL: O10 I20 O55 O33 O40 C2 C3 C51
    Date: 2022–02
  6. By: vincent, eric
    Abstract: Orientasi pasar, kapabilitas pemasaran, dan inovasi produk adalah faktor penentu keberhasilan suatu perusahaan. Penting bagi perusahaan untuk memahami strategi ini untuk meningkatkan performa perusahaan dan nilai tambah dimata pelanggan.
    Date: 2021–10–12
  7. By: Masahiko Shibamoto (Research Institute for Economics and Business Administration and Center for Computational Social Science, Kobe University, JAPAN)
    Abstract: This study argues that the heterogeneity in environmental awareness among business owners is a pivotal component in characterizing the implementation of green business practices in the small business sector. Specifically, using a large-scale survey of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) throughout Japan, we show a gap between environmental awareness and green business practices in the small business sector; that is, SMEs are aware of environmental issues, but they do not practice green business to a large extent. Further, we quantitatively show that the environmental awareness of SMEs already practicing or attempting to practice green business tends to be greater than that of SMEs not practicing green business. Our empirical results support the link between environmental awareness as a business opportunity and green business practices. However, there is less evidence that environmental awareness divorced from management, such as the need to pass on a sustainable society to future generations, would be involved with green business practices in the small business sector. Our findings advocate that policymakers looking to strengthen environmental initiatives in the small business sector need to direct SMEs to build awareness of environmental issues related to their businesses.
    Keywords: Green business practices; Environmental awareness; Small business sector; Survey data; Japan
    JEL: L21 Q56
    Date: 2022–03
  8. By: Kabir, Muhammad Fadhlan
    Abstract: Kinerja pemasaran adalah milik perusahaan pencapaian dalam kegiatan pemasaran. Untuk memenangkan persaingan sangat penting bagi perusahaan untuk berubah strategi mereka dengan orientasi pasar, karena meningkatnya persaingan global dan perubahan kebutuhan konsumen, perusahaan harus fokus pada kebutuhan pasar, agar dapat bertahan.
    Date: 2021–10–04
  9. By: Jin, Cheng; Razzaq, Asif; Saleem, Faiza; Sinha, Avik
    Abstract: The present study investigates the dynamic and asymmetric impacts of eco-innovation and human capital development on ambient pollution by validating the Environment Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis in China from 1988Q1 to 2018Q4. The findings confirm non-normality and structural breaks in data. Thus, Quantile Autoregressive Distributive Lag (QARDL) model and Granger Causality-in-Quantiles are applied to address non-linearity and structural breaks. The long-run results exhibit that eco-innovation and human capital have a significant negative relationship with carbon emissions, mainly from lower (0.05) to medium (0.5) quantiles and medium (0.50) to higher (0.95) emissions quantile. Moreover, economic growth contributes to higher emissions across all quantiles. In contrast, the square of economic growth has a significant negative association with emissions, confirming the validity of EKC from medium (0.40) to higher (0.95) quantiles. Lastly, Granger causality confirms a two-way causality between eco-innovation, human capital, and carbon emissions, and a one-way causality from human capital, economic growth to carbon emissions. These findings offer valuable policy recommendations.
    Keywords: Eco-innovation; Human capital; Environmental sustainability; Carbon emissions; Quantile ARDL
    JEL: Q5
    Date: 2021
  10. By: Michelle Harbour (UQO - Université du Québec en Outaouais); Jacques-Bernard Gauthier
    Abstract: The communication of scientific knowledge through the publications of scientific periodicals is organized in a complex and dynamic business ecosystem where convergent and divergent objectives coexist. The purpose of this paper is to study the cooperation strategies that ensure the maintenance and development of this business ecosystem. Our results show the coexistence of three cooperation strategies: homeostatic cooperation, pressure cooperation and adaptation cooperation. Our study provides two main contributions. First, we now have a new perspective the strategic dynamics of this business ecosystem. We have seen that the publication of scientific periodicals is an expanding community business ecosystem, through the active role of the actors in the different strata of this ecosystem. We also found that these actors can act on different cooperation strategies simultaneously. Second, the identification of three types of cooperation strategies mobilized by stakeholders is also an important contribution to the literature on business ecosystems and to the literature on cooperation strategies.
    Abstract: La communication des connaissances scientifiques par le biais des revues savantes est organisée en un écosystème d'affaires complexe et dynamique où coexistent des objectifs convergents et divergents. Le but de ce papier est d'étudier les stratégies de coopération qui assurent le maintient et le développement de cet écosystème d'affaires. Nous résultats montrent la coexistence de trois stratégies de coopération : des coopération homéostatiques, des coopérations de pression et des coopérations d'adaptation. Deux principales contributions émergent de nos résultats. Notre première contribution est que notre étude offre une nouvelle perspectives sur la dynamique stratégique d'un écosystème d'affaires. En effet, nous avons vu que la publication de périodiques scientifique est un écosystème d'affaires identifié comme une communauté d'affaires par le rôle actif des différents acteurs dans plusieurs strates de cet écosystème. Nous avons constaté que plusieurs acteurs mobilisent plusieurs stratégies de coopération et ce, simultanément. Notre seconde contribution consiste en l'identification de trois types de stratégies de coopération.
    Keywords: Business ecosystem,cooperation strategies,publishing,scientific periodicals
    Date: 2022–02–15
  11. By: vincent, eric
    Abstract: Perkembangan zaman merubah kebutuhan dan perilaku manusia. Seiring berjalannya waktu, manusia mendapatkan ilmu baru untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidupnya. Ilmu yang terus berkembang menghasilkan teknologi yang saat ini digunakan oleh masyarakat. Teknologi telah membantu berbagai kegiatan manusia mulai dari yang mudah hingga yang hampir tidak mungkin dapat dilakukan oleh manusia. Perkembangan teknologi yang semakin pesat juga memaksa manusia untuk semakin cerdas dalam memanfaatkan teknologi yang ada untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidupnya.
    Date: 2021–10–20

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