nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2022‒03‒07
four papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Technological interdependencies and employment changes in European industries By Lorenzo Cresti; Giovanni Dosi; Giorgio Fagiolo
  2. How to foster climate innovation in the European Union: Insights from the EIB Online Survey on Climate Innovation By Delanote, Julie; Rückert, Désirée
  3. Viewpoints of Epistemic Principals between Knowledge and Information By Fascia, Michael
  4. Collaborative innovation within SMEs in the wilaya of Bejaia By Ait Foudil

  1. By: Lorenzo Cresti; Giovanni Dosi; Giorgio Fagiolo
    Abstract: This work addresses the role of inter-sectoral innovation flows, which we frame as technological interdependencies, in determining sectoral employment dynamics. This purpose is achieved through the construction of an indicator capturing the amount of R&D expenditures embodied in the backward linkages of industries. We aim to find out whether having a more integrated production in terms of requiring more technological inputs is related to a lower demand for workers within the sector. We refer to the literature on innovation-employment nexus, inter-sectoral knowledge spillovers and Global Value Chains, building upon structuralist and evolutionary theoretical considerations. We track the flows of embodied technological change between industries taking advantage of the notion of vertically integrated sectors. The relevance of this vertical technological dimension for determining employment dynamics is then tested on a panel data of European industries over the 2008-2014 period. Results show a statistically significant and negative employment impact of the degree of vertical integration in terms of acquisitions of R&D embodied inputs. Combining the role of demand, the double nature of innovation - as product and as process -, together with intersectoral linkages, this work shows that the dependence of a sector from innovation performed by other ones - a proxy for input embodied process innovations - exert a negative effect upon employment.
    Keywords: Input-Output; Sectoral Interdependencies; Employment; Embodied Technological Change; Innovation Diffusion.
    Date: 2022–02–16
  2. By: Delanote, Julie; Rückert, Désirée
    Abstract: Using survey data on climate innovation, we map climate innovation patterns across different regions and technologies, and study the cooperation, protection and reach of climate innovation. Our analysis confirms that there is a strong link between climate innovation and firm performance. We nevertheless observe that European firms seem to suffer from the availability of finance. If European policymakers want to create more successful firms in the climate sector, they should strengthen policies that aim to reduce regulatory uncertainty and work actively to improve access-to finance conditions, in particular for start-ups.
    Keywords: Climate action and environment,Economics
    Date: 2022
  3. By: Fascia, Michael
    Abstract: We can consider the unity of knowledge in a business context as a singular event, but nonetheless, deliberate a contrary perspective from current knowledge transfer practitioners. Both perspectives agree, deliverable knowledge is key for business success and competitive advantage but questions the problematic transfer of knowledge. This discussion examines the creation of knowledge, recognised within contemporary writings as significant in determining a starting point for analogous scrutiny, and asks if this focal point is inherently difficult to establish and measure? We then look to synthesise the foremost principle of ‘knowledge’, which helps underpin congruent knowledge transfer theories, perspectives, and doyennes from an occidental business perspective.
    Date: 2022–01–26
  4. By: Ait Foudil (Université Abderrahmane Mira [Béjaïa])
    Abstract: The subject of this paper is the study of collaborative innovation in the context of Algerian SMEs. Based on the SMEs of the wilaya of Bejaia, this study consists of examining their potential to collaborate with each other and with other actors to innovate. To do this, a sample of 60 SMEs was the subject of a field survey. Using the data collected, we were able to determine the factors that prevent SMEs from practicing collaborative innovation, including the lack of financial, human and material resources.
    Abstract: L'objet de ce papier est l'étude de l'innovation collaborative dans le contexte des PME algériennes. En se basant sur les PME de la wilaya de Bejaia, cette étude consiste à examiner leur potentiel à collaborer entre elles et avec d'autres acteurs pour innover. Pour ce faire, un échantillon de 60 PME a fait l'objet d'une enquête de terrain. L'exploitation des données recueillies nous a permis de déterminer les facteurs qui empêchent les PME à pratiquer l'innovation collaborative, entre autre, l'absence de ressources financières, humaines et matérielles.
    Keywords: Bejaia,SME,Knowledge,Cooperation,Collaborative innovation,PME,Connaissances,Coopération,Innovation collaborative
    Date: 2021

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