nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2021‒07‒19
eight papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. "Migrant Inventors as Agents of Technological". By Ernest Miguelez; Andrea Morrison
  2. Academic engagement with industry: the role of research quality and experience By Scandura, Alessandra; Iammarino, Simona
  3. Expanding the international trade and investment policy agenda: the role of cities and services By Cote, Christine; Estrin, Saul; Shapiro, Daniel
  4. Crowdfunding, Crypto-Currency, Blockchain, Financial Dealings: Review of Business Planning, Challenges and Issues By ULLAH, NAZIM
  5. Online Business Capabilities and Online Business Performance in the Malaysian Fashion Industry By Teo Shao Zhen
  6. Tapping the Power of Social Media on Innovation Performance By Shan Shan The
  7. Performance Impact of e-business use in Indonesian Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) By , Nabila
  8. The Information and Communication Technology Cluster in the Global Value Chain Network By Amat Adarov

  1. By: Ernest Miguelez (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113 – Université de Bordeaux, France. AQR-IREA – University of Barcelona, Spain.); Andrea Morrison (ICRIOS & Department of Management and Technology - Bocconi University, Italy. Department of Human Geography and Planning – Utrecht University, The Netherlands.)
    Abstract: How do regions enter new and distant technological fields? Who is triggering this process? This work addresses these compelling research questions by investigating the role of migrant inventors in the process of technological diversification. Immigrant inventors can indeed act as carriers of knowledge across borders and influence the direction of technological change. We test these latter propositions by using an original dataset of immigrant inventors in the context of European regions during the period 2003-2011. Our findings show that: immigrant inventors generate positive local knowledge spillovers; they help their host regions to develop new technological specialisations; they trigger a process of unrelated diversification. Their contribution comes via two main mechanisms: immigrant inventors use their own personal knowledge (knowledge creation); they import knowledge from their home country to the host region (knowledge transfer). Their impact is maximised when their knowledge is not recombined with the local one (in mixed teams of inventors), but it is reused (in teams made by only migrant inventors). Our work contributes to the existing literature of regional diversification by providing fresh evidence of unrelated diversification for European regions and by identifying important agents of structural change. It also contributes to the literature of migration and innovation by adding fresh evidence on European regions and by unveiling some of the mechanisms of immigrants’ knowledge transmission.
    Keywords: Patents, Migration, Technological diversification, Relatedness, Europe. JEL classification: O30, F20, F60.
    Date: 2021–07
  2. By: Scandura, Alessandra; Iammarino, Simona
    Abstract: This work explores the role of university department characteristics in academic engagement with industry. In particular, we investigate the role played by research quality and previous experience in academic engagement across different scientific disciplines. We test our hypotheses on a dataset of public sponsored university-industry partnerships in the United Kingdom, combined with data from the UK Research Assessment Exercises 2001 and 2008. Our analysis reveals a negative link between academic quality and the level of engagement with industry for departments in the basic sciences and a positive relationship for departments in the applied sciences. Our results further show that the role of research quality for academic engagement strictly depends on the level of the department’s previous experience in university-industry partnerships, notably in the basic sciences, where experience acts as a moderating factor. The findings of this work are highly relevant for policy makers and university managers and contribute to the innovation literature focused on the investigation of the determinants of valuable knowledge transfer practices in academia.
    Keywords: academic engagement; academic quality; experience; university-industry collaboration; Springer deal
    JEL: I23 O30
    Date: 2021–06–22
  3. By: Cote, Christine; Estrin, Saul; Shapiro, Daniel
    Abstract: We explore the public policy implications of two new, significant, and inter-related global phenomena. First, the rising share of services, particularly innovation-driven digital and knowledge-based services, in foreign trade and multinational enterprise activity; and second, the increasingly important role of global cities as home and hosts to these activities. Our framework distinguishes between national economic policies to promote trade and FDI, referred to as economic diplomacy, and comparable policies originating in cities, referred to as city diplomacy. National economic diplomacy has traditionally promoted trade and investment in goods, often through trade agreements and promotion agencies, and we explore the limitations of these tools as trade in services becomes more important. However, we also note that trade in services, particularly innovation-driven services, is concentrated in global cities, and traded between them, often within MNEs. We conclude that national policies on trade and investment cannot be divorced from innovation and knowledge strategies, and that these strategies cannot be divorced from cities. We emphasize that national economic diplomacy should be better aligned with city diplomacy. We also discuss how the transition to stronger city diplomacy may have consequences for firms and their strategies for corporate diplomacy.
    Keywords: services; trade and investment policy; economic diplomacy; city diplomacy; global cities; MNEs; corporate diplomacy; ES/S008373/1
    JEL: L81
    Date: 2020–07–06
    Abstract: Corporate sustainability has moved from exploitation to exploration, from corporate environmental management to sustainable entrepreneurship, and from efficiency to innovation. The purpose of the study is to review global entrepreneurship, innovation and Sustainability - theory and practice, entrepreneurship micro – enterprise idea/ project and critical reflection of entrepreneurial theories, concepts and techniques. The study reviews a number literature from different journals ranging from 1994-2016. Based on the review, crow-funding and crypto-currency are the new innovation in the business world and used for financial dealings. Innovative idea should be based on emergency and urgent demand like mask and PPE all over the world. Furthermore, in addition to technology, competition is vital as it ensures that competing businesses provide the target market with quality goods and services.
    Keywords: Financial innovation, business planning, challenges and issues
    JEL: G39
    Date: 2021
  5. By: Teo Shao Zhen (School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia Author-2-Name: Siti Hasnah Hassan Author-2-Workplace-Name: School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia Author-3-Name: Author-3-Workplace-Name: Author-4-Name: Author-4-Workplace-Name: Author-5-Name: Author-5-Workplace-Name: Author-6-Name: Author-6-Workplace-Name: Author-7-Name: Author-7-Workplace-Name: Author-8-Name: Author-8-Workplace-Name:)
    Abstract: Objective - The digital economy is believed to be one of Malaysia's largest sectors as online businesses are expected to exhibit an increase of 10% in the near future. This factor eventually prompted subsequent studies on online business models. This study aims to discover the types of online business capabilities that could enhance the firm competitiveness of online business in the Malaysian fashion industry. Methodology/Technique - A questionnaire was developed and distributed by hand to a number of Malaysian online business owners in the fashion industry. The data was analysed using SPSS version 26 and SmartPLS 3.0. Finding - The findings indicated that digital marketing capability and CRM capability were significantly correlated to firm competitiveness, which in turn, also showed a significant and positive relationship with online business performance. Nevertheless, IT capability was an insignificant factor of firm competitiveness. Novelty - This study concluded the importance of CRM capability and digital marketing capability for online business owners to enhance firm competitiveness. The results also implied the importance of firm competitiveness for online businesses to perform in Malaysian fashion industry. Type of Paper - Empirical.
    Keywords: Online Business Performance, Online Business Capabilities, Digital Marketing Capability, CRM Capability, IT Capability, Firm Competitiveness, Fashion Industry
    JEL: L20 L25
    Date: 2021–06–30
  6. By: Shan Shan The (School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia Author-2-Name: Daisy Mui Hung Kee Author-2-Workplace-Name: School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia Author-3-Name: Munazza Zahra Author-3-Workplace-Name: School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia Author-4-Name: Gadi Dung Paul Author-4-Workplace-Name: School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia Author-5-Name: Author-5-Workplace-Name: Author-6-Name: Author-6-Workplace-Name: Author-7-Name: Author-7-Workplace-Name: Author-8-Name: Author-8-Workplace-Name:)
    Abstract: Objective - This study investigates the relationship between social media and innovation performance among SMEs in Malaysia. This study also extends social media literature by investigating the underlying mechanism of open innovation in the relationship between social media and innovation performance. Methodology/Technique - A questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents. A total of 173 samples from data collection were then used to test the hypotheses by using the SPSS and SmartPLS software. Finding - The result has revealed that social media has a significant effect on innovation performance. Besides, outbound innovation is also found to mediate the relationship between social media and innovation performance. Novelty - This study contributes to the literature on social media and innovation by providing new evidence regarding outbound innovation impact on performance among SMEs. It also provides a great idea of social media's importance to SME managers in improving innovation performance in an organization. Type of Paper - Empirical.
    Keywords: Social Media, Innovation Performance, Open Innovation, Smes, Malaysia
    Date: 2021–06–30
  7. By: , Nabila
    Abstract: A new business platform is a must for companies that are disrupting new media technology, especially during the Covid 19 era. However, many incumbent companies are less able to keep up with changing business trends. Anticipate all changes in the competitive climate in the digital era in carrying out the company transformation program along with the implementation of good corporate governance values to avoid oral hazards and a greater risk of failure. proposes an integrated framework that investigates interrelationships between contextual factors that influence e-business use and consequently its impact on enterprise performance among small and medium enterprises (SMEs).
    Date: 2021–06–12
  8. By: Amat Adarov (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)
    Abstract: Global value chains (GVCs) are among the critical factors shaping the world economy nowadays. Within cross-border production networks an increasingly important role has been played by the information and communication technology (ICT) sectors. Based on the multi-country input-output database recently developed by the Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, covering the period 2005-2018, this policy brief examines the structure and the dynamics of global value chains associated with the ICT sectors. To this end we use complex network analysis techniques to characterise the overall topology of the international ICT cluster in the GVC network, identify the key countries and sectors therein from the perspective of their connectivity. The analysis shows that the ICT GVC network is dominated by the mutual value-added trade linkages between China, South Korea and Taiwan in the Computers and electronics manufacturing sector. These sectors are heavily interlinked via backward and forward GVC linkages with a large number of ICT and non-ICT sectors, many of which are located in the USA, China and Germany. In the recent decade, there has been a major shift in terms of importance to the GVC network from ICT manufacturing towards ICT services, especially prominent for the ICT services sector in Ireland, which has become among the most interconnected sectors in the global ICT cluster.
    Keywords: global value chains; ICT sector; network analysis; digitalisation
    JEL: F10 F14 F15
    Date: 2021–07

This nep-cse issue is ©2021 by João José de Matos Ferreira. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.