nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2021‒05‒10
five papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Competitividad empresarial: una revisión teórica By Calvo Fuentes, Maria Alejandra; Ponce Ponce, Citlaly Nohemi; Juarez Lugo, Kassandra Cristina
  2. Growing through Competition: The Reduction of Entry Barriers among Chinese Manufacturing Firms By Jiang, Helu; Zheng, Yu; Zhu, Lijun
  3. Impact of digital economic activity on regional economic growth: A Case study from northern Minas Gerais between 2009 To 2018 By Dr. Cesar R Salas-Guerra
  4. Knowledge Spillovers, Trade, and Foreign Direct Investment By Wolfgang Keller
  5. El desarrollo económico, la competitividad y la globalización en los tiempos modernos. By Albarrán, Yazmín; Guajardo, Alexandra; Macías, Adamaris; Méndez, Ana Consuelo; Narro, Stephanie

  1. By: Calvo Fuentes, Maria Alejandra; Ponce Ponce, Citlaly Nohemi; Juarez Lugo, Kassandra Cristina
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to analyze the different ways that allow addressing the issue of business competitiveness under the economic, political, social and cultural scenario at the municipal, regional, national and international levels, for which reason a documentary investigation is carried out considering its importance and its definition in the industry sector. It was obtained as a result that the most important factors in business competitiveness are innovation, flexibility, productivity and quality, moderately placing itself in a satisfactory category for customers, always considering the opportunity for improvement in technology, it is recommended to design strategies to strengthen resources and procedures used so that the productive sector is always competitive, where the organization promotes attitudes in favor of the strategic vision that are responsible for implementing best practices, generating positive effects on the performance of the human talent of employees.
    Keywords: Mercado global, eficacia, eficiencia, innovación, estrategias, cliente.
    JEL: M1 M16 M2 M20
    Date: 2020–04–15
  2. By: Jiang, Helu; Zheng, Yu; Zhu, Lijun
    Abstract: Exploiting the gradualism of the Chinese economic reforms and cross-sectional variations in entry rates, we show empirical evidence from firm-level data that industries with higher entry rates achieve higher growth and a more competitive market structure in subsequent years. We then embed firm entry into a model of endogenous productivity and market structure with heterogeneous firms and sectors, and calibrate it to the Chinese manufacturing sector in 2004-7. We find the positive impact of entry on growth is achieved primarily through a pro-competitive effect, whereby entry induces endogenously a larger fraction of industries to be more competitive in the economy. We quantify the contribution on growth from the reduction of entry barriers associated with the state-owned enterprise reforms in the late 1990s and early 2000s and find it explains 20% of the aggregate growth of the manufacturing sector from 2004-7. More generally, we highlight the critical role of reducing entry barriers in promoting competition and growth in developing countries.
    Keywords: Endogenous Growth; Entry Barriers; Firm Dynamics; Firm entry
    JEL: D22 D43 O11 O30 O47
    Date: 2021–02
  3. By: Dr. Cesar R Salas-Guerra
    Abstract: At present, the economic measurement of the national statistical offices has not defined or captured the benefits of the digital economy activity due to the low quality or inexistence of methodologies. Currently, there is a relevant debate on the capacity of the digital economy activity to generate productivity, economic growth, and well-being through innovation and knowledge. For this reason, this research identified and studied specialized knowledge, human settlement, and digital economic activity as the factors that influence regional economic growth. As a result, the impact generated by a new business operating models based on information technology was measured. Furthermore, this research used an empirical measurement model that made it possible to identify certain phenomena such as regional poles of regional economic development (PRDE) that surround economically flourishing regions. In addition, it showed that municipalities with high degrees of economic growth were impacted by digital economic activity and specialized knowledge. This finding is consistent with economic growth theories that point to technological evolution as the main factor of modern economic growth. Consequently, this study contributed beneficial results to the local government to develop strategies framed in solving industrial cooperation of economically flourishing regions with their neighbors, facing the problem of agglomeration of resources and capital reflected in human settlement promote an imbalance in economic growth and social development.
    Date: 2021–05
  4. By: Wolfgang Keller
    Abstract: I study knowledge spillovers, positive externalities that augment the information set of an economic agent, and reviews the evidence on such spillovers in the context of international economic transactions. Even though spillovers are by their very nature difficult to identify, over recent decades a number of advances-conceptual, empirical, as well as in form of new data–have produced robust evidence that both trade and foreign direct investment lead to sizable knowledge spillovers.
    JEL: F1 F23 O3
    Date: 2021–04
  5. By: Albarrán, Yazmín; Guajardo, Alexandra; Macías, Adamaris; Méndez, Ana Consuelo; Narro, Stephanie
    Abstract: — The study and analysis of various topics is presented, with the appropriate and formal structure of competitiveness indices in order to measure the elaboration of the Graduate School of Public Administration and Public Policy of the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Studies. So that the international ones, these indices are characterized by using relevant information according to the topics to be investigated, also eight studies have been published in the last 18 years, on the other hand there is another analysis of national competitiveness that is presented annually by the company regional consultant which provides information to make decisions through its systemic competitiveness index of the federal entities. Thus, alliances between micro-enterprises increase certain elements such as skills, purchasing power and experience; on the other hand, costs in shared purchases are reduced which generate significant savings in the acquisition of inputs and disparities in regional development in Tamaulipas, Mexico, however, it promotes perspectives on globalization that equate it to the process of economic internationalization, not However, from a functional perspective, Scholte and Dicken maintain that globalization gives rise to processes that are qualitatively different from internationalization. Mexico promotes university social service as a strategy of continuous improvement through experience. It has also developed a series of studies on this situation, one of the most important is that of persons with disabilities in Mexico, a census vision, in which it presents specific characteristics and current statistics of this condition, according to data from 2007, Mexico is located in the category of high human development, very close of countries like Uruguay and Chile and staying above Latin American countries like Brazil and Peru. The international organization for standardization mentions that in the reference framework introduced in the iso 14001 standard, there are clauses that increase some benefits to current and new users, supporting them to understand more fully the importance of a system approach.
    Keywords: acquisition, organization, indices, economics, statistics, focus.
    JEL: A1 A10 A12 A13
    Date: 2020–05–19

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