nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2021‒05‒03
four papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. The Transmission of Sectoral Shocks Across the Innovation Network By Fons-Rosen, Christian; Pu, Zhaoxin
  2. Technological & innovation challenges for industry: New science for policy insights By Maria Teresa Álvarez; Salvador Barrios; Andrea Bellucci; Mark Boden; Giacomo Damioli; Nestor Duch-Brown; Gianluca Gucciardi; Anabela Marques-Santos; Robert Marschinski; David Martínez-Turégano; Pietro Moncada-Paternò-Castello; Daniel Nepelski; Dimitris Pontikakis; Emanuele Pugliese; Giuseppina Testa; Alexander Tübke
  3. New directions for RIS studies and policies in the face of grand societal challenges By Franz Tödtling; Michaela Trippl; Veronika Desch
  4. Análisis crítico sobre la competitividad, la globalización, y el desarrollo económico. By Orozco Ruíz, Joana; Pérez Reynaga, Carlos; Montelongo Gutiérrez, Perla

  1. By: Fons-Rosen, Christian (University of California, Merced); Pu, Zhaoxin (MPI-IC Munich)
    Abstract: Recent innovation literature has documented the benefits of cross-pollination of ideas across a wide set of industries and technology fields in an economy. Industrial and trade policies, by contrast, tend to favor economic specialization through the promotion of selected sectors. In this paper we use a firm-level panel of 13 European countries to assess whether an industry-specific policy propagates across the network of innovating firms through technological linkages. Following the competition shock to the European textile sector, triggered by the 2001 removal of import quotas on Chinese textiles, we find that patenting and knowledge sourcing behavior of non-textile firms are negatively affected. At the aggregate regional level, this indirect effect on non-textile firms can be around three to five times larger than the direct effect.
    Keywords: technological linkages; spillovers; patents; knowledge sourcing; industrial policy;
    JEL: D57 L25 L60 O33 O38
    Date: 2020–01–22
  2. By: Maria Teresa Álvarez (European Commission - JRC); Salvador Barrios (European Commission - JRC); Andrea Bellucci (European Commission - JRC); Mark Boden (European Commission - JRC); Giacomo Damioli (European Commission - JRC); Nestor Duch-Brown (European Commission - JRC); Gianluca Gucciardi (European Commission - JRC); Anabela Marques-Santos (European Commission - JRC); Robert Marschinski (European Commission - JRC); David Martínez-Turégano (European Commission - JRC); Pietro Moncada-Paternò-Castello (European Commission - JRC); Daniel Nepelski (European Commission - JRC); Dimitris Pontikakis (European Commission - JRC); Emanuele Pugliese (European Commission - JRC); Giuseppina Testa (European Commission - JRC); Alexander Tübke (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: This report holds the results of a selection of European Commission’s JRC activities which aim to support EU policies to tackle the technological and innovation challenges of the European industry in the next decade. It addresses some of these challenges by implementing novel scientific analyses within the following themes: Technology diffusion and industrial dynamics; innovation and company value chains; Financing innovation; Industrial innovation for transitions and transformation; Employment and skills for industrial transformations; Integration of global to local industrial innovation perspectives; and new data, standards and methods. The outcomes obtained provide insights relevant to EU policy initiatives dealing with innovation and industry and aiming to achieve the priorities of the European Commission's "Green Deal" and "A stronger Europe in the world", and in general the EU industrial competitiveness & sustainability.
    Keywords: Research, technology and innovation challenges; Industrial transitions and transformation; science for policy; Industrial and innovation policy; European Union
    Date: 2021–04
  3. By: Franz Tödtling (Vienna University of Economics and Business); Michaela Trippl (University of Vienna); Veronika Desch (University of Vienna)
    Abstract: The regional innovation system (RIS) approach has become a widely used framework for examining the dynamics of innovation across space as well as for crafting policies aimed at promoting the innovation capacity of regions. The dominant focus of RIS studies and regional innovation policies has been on technological innovation that drives competitiveness and economic growth. In light of persistent environmental and social challenges such as climate change, health problems, and growing inequalities, this narrow understanding of innovation appears to be obsolete. This article claims that the RIS approach requires critical rethinking and reassessment to provide a solid basis for informing the next generation of regional innovation policies. We explore how RIS scholarship and policies could benefit from engaging more deeply with an alternative understanding of innovation. Inspired by recent work on responsible innovation, mission-oriented and transformative innovation policies, we develop the notion of ‘challenge-oriented RIS’ (CORIS). In contrast to conventional understandings of RIS, this approach embraces a broader and more critical understanding of innovation, captures the directionality of change, opens up to new innovation actors and novel coordination mechanisms between various stakeholders and territorial scales, and pays more attention to the application side and upscaling of innovation within the region and beyond. Acknowledging that regions vary in their capacity to fashion transformative change and challenge-oriented innovation, the paper outlines new directions for place-based innovation policies.
    Keywords: regional innovation systems, grand societal challenges, sustainability transitions, challenge-oriented regional innovation policy
    Date: 2021
  4. By: Orozco Ruíz, Joana; Pérez Reynaga, Carlos; Montelongo Gutiérrez, Perla
    Abstract: In the current context of globalization, international economic competition is increasingly intense and covers an increasing number of territories, for this reason the article states that competitiveness is a form of development, for which Krugman (1994) points out that when a company is not competitive, this means that its market position is unsustainable and that unless it improves its performance it will have the desired growth, of course, for this to be possible, globalization has an important role speaking of economic development because it is here where there is talk of the expansion of markets and the penetration of new spaces. Likewise, an interesting perspective is provided when globalization is understood in spatial terms such as the shedding of interplanetary connections between people, also in addition to this, the way to relate the franchise in the field of entrepreneurship, business management and the economy is sought .
    Keywords: Globalization, competitiveness, development, entrepreneurship, franchise, market.
    JEL: A11
    Date: 2020–03–17

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